Saturday, 31 July 2010

July 31 - Summary

July 31st Summary:

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July 31 - Events

July 31st Details:
July 31 Events:
30 BC – Battle of Alexandria - Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian's forces. Mark Anthony subsequently commits suicide as a result of most of his army deserting.
781 – Oldest recorded eruption of Mt. Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: July 6, 781).
904 – Thessalonica falls in a battle to the Arabs, who then destroy the city.
1009 – Pope Sergius IV becomes the 142nd pope (succeeding Pope John XVIII).
1200 – Attempted usurpation of John Komnenos the Fat.
1423 – Battle of Cravant – the French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne (Hundred Years' War).
1451 – Charles VII of France orders the arrest of Jacques Cœur.
1492 – Expulsion of the Jews from Spain when the Alhambra Decree takes effect.
1498 – Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to discover the island of Trinidad - his third voyage to the Western Hemisphere, .
1588 – The Spanish Armada is spotted off the coast of England.
1655 – Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius - Russo-Polish War (1654-1667).
1658 – Proclamation of Aurangzeb as Moghul emperor of India.
1667 – Treaty of Breda ends the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
1703 – Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet - natural justice leads him to be pelted with flowers.
1741 – Invasion of Upper Austria & Bohemia by Charles Albert of Bavaria.
1790 – Inventor Samuel Hopkins is issued the First U.S. patent, for a potash process.
1856 – Christchurch, New Zealand is chartered as a city.
1865 – First narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.
1895 – The Basque Nationalist Party is founded by Basque nationalist leader Sabino Arana.
1913 – The Balkan States signs an armistice at Bucharest.
1919 – Weimar constitution is adopted by the German national assembly, which comes into force on August 14.
1936 – The International Olympic Committee announces that the 1940 Summer Olympics will be held in Tokyo.
1938 – Bulgaria signs a non-aggression pact with Greece & other states (Turkey, Romania, Yugoslavia).
1938 – Engraved gold & silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis are discovered by Archaeologists.
1941 – Holocaust - Instructions by Adolf Hitler to Hermann Göring leads to orders for SS General Reinhard Heydrich to "submit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material & financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired final solution of the Jewish question."
1945 – Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.
1945 – John K. Giles attempts to escape from Alcatraz prison.
1948 – New York International Airport (later renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport) is dedicated at Idlewild Field in New York, .
1951 – Japan Airlines is established.
1954 – First ascent of K2 - by an Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio.
1959 – Basque separatist organisation ETA is founded.
1964 – Ranger 7 sends back the first close-up photographs of the moon (Ranger program).
1970 – Black Tot Day - last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy.
1971 – Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover (Apollo program).
1972 – Operation Motorman - British troops move into the no-go areas of Belfast & Derry, Northern Ireland.
1976 – Viking 1 – NASA releases the famous Face on Mars photo (Viking program).
1981 – General Omar Torrijos of Panama dies in a plane crash.
1981 – A total solar eclipse occurs.
1991 – The Medininkai Massacre in Lithuania.
1992 – A Thai Airways Airbus A300-310 crashes into a mountain north of Kathmandu, Nepal.
1992 – Georgia joins the United Nations.
2002 – Hebrew University of Jerusalem is attacked when a bomb explodes in a cafeteria.
2006 – Fidel Castro hands over power temporarily to brother Raúl Castro.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia - Cetacographer - Nirvana alliance.

July 31 - Deaths

July 31st Details:
July 31 Deaths:
855 – Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal - Muslim Jurisprudent (b. 780)
1396 – William Courtenay - Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1342)
1508 – Na'od - Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1494)
1556 – Ignatius Loyola - Spanish priest & founder of the Jesuits (b. 1491)
1653 – Thomas Dudley - Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony (b. 1576)
1726 – Nicolaus II Bernoulli - Swiss mathematician (b. 1695)
1750 – King John V of Portugal (b. 1689)
1784 – Denis Diderot - French philosopher & encylopedist (b. 1713)
1864 – Louis Hachette - French publisher (b. 1800)
1875 – Andrew Johnson - 17th President of the United States (b. 1808)
1886 – Franz Liszt - Hungarian composer (b. 1811)
1914 – Jean Jaurès - French politician (d. 1859)
1917 – Francis Ledwidge - Irish poet (b. 1881)
1917 – Hedd Wyn - Welsh poet (b. 1887)
1920 – Ion Dragoumis - Greek diplomat, writer & revolutionary (b. 1878)
1940 – Udham Singh - Indian Extremist Freedom Fighter(b. 1899)
1943 – Hedley Verity - English Test cricketer (b. 1905)
1944 – Antoine de Saint-Exupery - French pilot & writer (b. 1900)
1953 – Robert Taft - U.S. Senator from Ohio & Presidential candidate (b. 1889)
1954 – Onofre Marimón - Argentine racing driver (b. 1923)
1963 – Sir Robert Chapman - British soldier & politician (b. 1880)
1964 – Jim Reeves - American singer (b. 1923)
1966 – Bud Powell - American jazz pianist (b. 1924)
1970 – Walter Briggs, Jr. - American sports executive (b. 1912)
1972 – Paul-Henri Spaak - Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1899)
1973 – Azumafuji Kin'ichi - Japanese sumo wrestler (the 40th Yokozuna) & professional wrestler (b. 1921)
1980 – Pascual Jordan - German physicist (b. 1902)
1980 – Mohd. Rafi - Indian playback singer (b. 1924)
1986 – Chiune Sugihara - Japanese diplomat (b. 1900)
1986 – Teddy Wilson - American jazz pianist (b. 1912)
1988 – Trinidad Silva - American actor (b. 1950)
1990 – Albert Leduc - French Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1902)
1993 – King Baudouin I of Belgium (b. 1930)
1996 – Seagram Miller - American rapper (b. 1970)
2001 – Poul Anderson - American author (b. 1926)
2001 – Francisco da Costa Gomes - 16th President of Portugal (b. 1914)
2001 – Friedrich Franz - Hereditary Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (b. 1910)
2003 – Guido Crepax - Italian comics artist (b. 1933)
2004 – Virginia Grey - American actress (b. 1917)
2004 – Laura Betti - Italian actress (b. 1927)
2005 – Wim Duisenberg - Dutch banker (b. 1935)
2006 – Paul Eells - American sportscaster (b. 1935)
2009 – Sir Bobby Robson - English professional football player & manager (b. 1933)
2009 – Harry Alan Towers - English film producer & screenwriter (b. 1920)

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July 31 - Births

July 31st Details:
July 31 Births:
1143 – Emperor Nijo of Japan (d. 1165)
1396 – Philip III - Duke of Burgundy (d. 1467)
1527 – Maximilian II - Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1576)
1598 – Alessandro Algardi - Italian sculptor & architect (d. 1654)
1702 – Jean Denis Attiret - French Jesuit missionary & painter (d. 1768)
1704 – Gabriel Cramer - Swiss mathematician (d. 1752)
1718 – John Canton - English physicist (d. 1772)
1724 – Noël François de Wailly - French lexicographer (d. 1801)
1737 – Princess Augusta of Great Britain (d. 1813)
1777 – Pedro Ignacio de Castro Barros - Argentine statesman & priest (d. 1849)
1800 – Friedrich Wöhler - German chemist & founder of organic chemistry
1803 – John Ericsson - Swedish inventor & engineer (d. 1889)
1816 – George Henry Thomas - American general (d. 1870)
1825 – William S. Clark - American senator & scholar (d. 1886)
1835 – Henri Brisson - French statesman (d. 1912)
1835 – Paul du Chaillu - French explorer (d. 1903)
1837 – William Quantrill - American Civil War rebel guerrilla leader (d. 1865)
1843 – Peter Rosegger - Austrian poet (d. 1918)
1858 – Richard Dixon Oldham - British geologist (d. 1936)
1860 – Mary Vaux Walcott - American artist & naturalist (d. 1940)
1867 – Sebastian S. Kresge - American merchant & philanthropist (d. 1966)
1880 – Munshi Premchand - Indian Author (d. 1936)
1883 – Fred Quimby - American film producer (d. 1965)
1884 – Carl Friedrich Goerdeler - German politician (d. 1945)
1886 – Salvatore Maranzano - Sicilian-born American organized crime figure (d. 1931)
1887 – Hans Freyer - German sociologist (d. 1969)
1892 – Herbert W. Armstrong - American evangelist, author & publisher (d. 1986)
1892 – Joseph Charbonneau - French-Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop (d. 1959)
1894 – Fred Keenor - Welsh footballer (d. 1972)
1901 – Jean Dubuffet - French painter & sculptor (d. 1985)
1904 – Brett Halliday - American writer (d. 1977)
1909 – Erik von Kuehnelt-Leddihn - Austrian writer & polyglot (d. 1999)
1911 – George Liberace - American musician (d. 1983)
1912 – Bill Brown - Australian cricketer (d. 2008)
1912 – Milton Friedman - American economist, Nobel laureate (d. 2006)
1912 – Irv Kupcinet - American newspaper columnist (d. 2003)
1913 – Bryan Hextall - Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1984)
1914 – Louis de Funès - French actor & comedian (d. 1983)
1916 – Billy Hitchcock - American baseball player & official (d. 2006)
1916 – Bill Todman - American game show producer (d. 1979)
1916 – Sibte Hassan - Pakistani activist (d. 1986)
1918 – Paul D. Boyer - American chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate
1918 – Hank Jones - American pianist (d. 2010)
1919 – Curt Gowdy - American sports announcer (d. 2006)
1919 – Primo Levi - Italian author & chemist (d. 1987)
1920 – James Esdras Faust - American religious leader (d. 2007)
1921 – Peter Benenson - British founder of Amnesty International (d. 2005)
1921 – Donald Malarkey - American World War II hero
1921 – Whitney Young - American civil rights activist (d. 1971)
1922 – Hank Bauer - American baseball player & manager (d. 2007)
1923 – Ahmet Ertegün - Turkish-born record company executive (d. 2006)
1923 – Jimmy Evert - American tennis coach & father of Chris Evert
1926 – Hilary Putnam - American philosopher
1929 – Don Murray - American actor
1929 – José Santamaria - Uruguayan footballer
1929 – Lynne Reid Banks - British author
1929 – Gilles Carle - Canadian film director & screenwriter (d. 2009)
1930 – Oleg Popov - Russian clown
1931 – Kenny Burrell - American guitarist
1931 – Nick Bollettieri - American tennis coach
1931 – Ivan Rebroff - German singer (d. 2008)
1932 – Ted Cassidy - American actor (d. 1979)
1932 – John Searle - American philosopher
1933 – Cees Nooteboom - Dutch writer
1935 – Yvon Deschamps - French-Canadian author & humorist
1935 – Geoffrey Lewis - American actor
1936 – Vic Davalillo - Venezuelan baseball player
1939 – France Nuyen - French actress
1940 – Carol J. Clover - American academic
1941 – Amarsinh Chaudhary - Indian politician (d. 2004)
1943 – William Bennett - 3rd United States Secretary of Education
1943 – Susan Flannery - American actress
1943 – Lobo - American singer & songwriter
1943 – Sab Shimono - Japanese-American actor
1944 – Geraldine Chaplin - American actress
1944 – Jonathan Dimbleby - British journalist & television presenter
1944 – Robert C. Merton - American mathematician
1945 – Gary Lewis - American vocalist (Gary Lewis & the Playboys)
1945 – William Weld - 68th Governor of Massachusetts
1946 – Bob Welch - American musician
1946 – Karen Zerby - American religious leader
1950 – Lane Davies - American actor
1950 – Steve Miller - American writer
1951 – Evonne Goolagong - Australian tennis player
1951 – Barry Van Dyke - American actor
1952 – Chris Ahrens - American ice hockey player
1952 – Alan Autry - American football player & politician
1952 – Helmuts Balderis - Latvian hockey player
1952 – João Barreiros - Portuguese writer
1953 – Ted Baillieu - Australian politician
1953 – James Read - American actor
1953 – Jimmy Cook - former South African cricketer
1954 – Derek Smith - Canadian ice hockey player
1955 – Jakie Quartz - French singer
1956 – Michael Biehn - American actor
1956 – Deval Patrick - American politician, 71st governor of Massachusetts
1956 – Bill Callahan - American football coach
1957 – Daniel Ash - British musician (Bauhaus)
1957 – Leon Durham - American baseball player
1957 – Dirk Blocker - American actor
1958 – Bill Berry - American musician (R.E.M.)
1958 – Mark Cuban - American businessman & basketball team owner
1959 – Stanley Jordan - American jazz guitarist
1960 – Dale Hunter - Canadian ice hockey player
1962 – John Chiang - American politician
1962 – Kevin Greene - American football player
1962 – Wesley Snipes - American actor
1963 – Brian Skrudland - Canadian ice hockey player
1963 – Norman Cook - British musician (The Housemartins, Freak Power, Beats International, Fatboy Slim)
1964 – Jim Corr - Irish singer & musician (The Corrs)
1965 – Scott Brooks - American basketball player
1965 – John Laurinaitis - American professional wrestler
1965 – J. K. Rowling - British writer
1965 – Julian Richards - British film director
1966 – Dean Cain - American actor
1967 – Minako Honda - Japanese singer & musical actress (d. 2005)
1967 – Mitsuo Iwata - Japanese seiyū
1967 – Tony Massenburg - American basketball player
1967 – Tim Wright (musician) - Composer
1968 – Saeed-Al-Saffar - Former UAE cricketer
1969 – David Cash - American professional wrestler
1969 – Loren Dean - American actor
1969 – Kenneth D. Schisler - American politician
1970 – Ahmad Akbarpour - Iranian writer
1970 – Ben Chaplin - English actor
1970 – Giorgos Sigalas - Greek basketball player
1970 – Dave Wedge - American journalist
1970 – Amanda Stepto - Canadian actress
1971 – Gus Frerotte - American football player
1971 – John Lowery - American guitarist
1972 – Giorgos Kapoutzidis - Greek screenwriter & actor
1973 – Nathan Brown - Australian rugby league player
1973 – Fabulous Flournoy American basketball player & coach Newcastle Eagles
1974 – Emilia Fox - English actress
1974 – Jonathan Ogden - American football player
1975 – Randy Flores - American baseball player
1975 – Simon Hirst - British radio DJ
1975 – Mike Lincoln - American baseball player
1975 – Poesy Liang - Founder of Helping Angels
1975 – Allan von Schenkel - American musician
1975 – Andrew Hall - Former South African cricketer
1975 – Ruben Patterson - American basketball player
1976 – Joshua Cain - American musician (Motion City Soundtrack)
1976 – Paulo Wanchope - Costa Rican footballer
1977 – Tim Couch - American football player
1978 – Will Champion - English musician (Coldplay)
1978 – Zeta Makripoulia - Greek actress, model & TV presenter
1978 – Nick Sorensen - American football player
1978 – Justin Wilson - English racing driver
1979 – Jaco Erasmus - South African-born Italian rugby player
1979 – J. J. Furmaniak - American baseball player
1979 – Per Krøldrup - Danish footballer
1979 – Jade Kwan - Hong Kong singer
1979 – Carlos Marchena - Spanish footballer
1979 – B. J. Novak - American actor
1980 – Mils Muliaina - New Zealand rugby union player
1980 – Mikko Hirvonen - Finnish Rally Driver
1981 – Eric Lively - American actor
1981 – J.Son Dinant - American comedian
1981 – Ira Losco - Maltese singer
1981 – Matthew Sanders - American singer (Avenged Sevenfold)
1982 – Blessing Mahwire - Zimbabwean cricketer
1982 – DeMarcus Ware - American football player for the Dallas Cowboys
1985 – Daniel Ciofani - Italian footballer
1985 – Rémy Di Gregorio - French cyclist
1986 – Evgeni Malkin - Russian ice hockey player
1987 – Michael Bradley - American footballer
1987 – Brittany Byrnes - Australian Actress
1988 – Krystal Meyers - American Christian singer/songwriter/musician
1989 – Victoria Azarenka - Belarusian tennis player
1990 – Olga Galchenko - Russian juggler
1992 – Curtis James - American runner
1997 – Barbie Forteza - Filipina child actress

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