Friday, 9 July 2010

July 9 - Summary

July 9th Summary:

July 9 - Events

July 9th Details:
July 9 Events:
455 – Avitus, a Roman military commander, is proclaimed Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
1357 – Emperor Charles IV assists in laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague.
1540 – Annulment of King Henry VIII of England's marriage to his 4th wife, Anne of Cleves.
1541 – Estevão da Gama departs Massawa.
1755 – Braddock Expedition – British troops & colonial militiamen are ambushed => defeated by French & Native American forces (French & Indian War).
1789 – In Versailles, France, the National Assembly reconstitutes itself as the National Constituent Assembly.
1790 – Second Battle of Svensksund – in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet (Russo-Swedish War).
1793 – Act Against Slavery is passed in Upper Canada & the importation of slaves into Lower Canada is prohibited.
1807 – Napoleon I of France & Alexander I of Russia sign the Treaties of Tilsit.
1810 – Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
1815 – Talleyrand becomes Prime Minister of France.
1816 – Argentina declares independence from Spain.
1850 – U.S. President Zachary Taylor dies, leading to Millard Fillmore becoming the 13th President of the United States.
1850 – The execution of Persian prophet Báb in Tabriz, Persia.
1863 – Siege of Port Hudson ends (American Civil War).
1868 – The 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified guaranteeing African Americans full citizenship & all persons in the United States due process of law.
1900 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom gives royal assent to an Act creating the Commonwealth of Australia.
1922 – Johnny Weissmuller swims the 100 meters freestyle in 58.6 seconds producing a world swimming record & breaking the 'minute barrier'.
1932 – The state of São Paulo revolts against the Brazilian Federal Government, starting the Constitutionalist Revolution
1943 – Operation Husky – Allied forces perform an amphibious invasion of Sicily (World War II).
1944 – Battle of Normandy – British & Canadian forces capture Caen, France (World War II).
1944 – Battle of Saipan – American forces take Saipan in the Mariana Islands (World War II).
1944 – Battle of Tali-Ihantala – Finland wins the Battle of Tali-Ihantala (World War II).
1947 – The announcement of the engagement of Princess Elizabeth to Lt. Philip Mountbatten.
1948 – Pakistan issues its first set of Postage stamps.
1955 – The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London.
1958 – Mega-tsunami hits Lituya Bay - wave height at 524 meters, the largest in recorded history.
1962 – The Starfish Prime high-altitude nuclear test is conducted by the United States of America.
1962 – Andy Warhol's Campbell's Soup Cans exhibition opens at the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles.
1984 – York Minster is struck by a lightning causing a fire which damaged most of the building.
1989 – Two bombs explode in Mecca.
1991 – South Africa is readmitted into the Olympic movement.
1995 – The Navaly church bombing is carried out by the Sri Lankan Air Force killing 125 Tamil civilian refugees.
2002 – The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia with the first chairman being Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

July 9 - Deaths

July 9th Details:
July 9 Deaths:
518 – Anastasius I - Byzantine Emperor (b. 430)
1228 – Stephen Langton - Englisg clergyman, Archbishop of Canterbury (b.c. 1150)
1386 – Leopold III - Duke of Austria (b. 1351)
1553 – Maurice - Elector of Saxony (b. 1521)
1654 – Ferdinand IV - King of the Romans (b. 1633)
1706 – Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville - French-Canadian sailor & explorer (b. 1661)
1737 – Gian Gastone de' Medici - Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1671)
1742 – John Oldmixon - English historian (b. 1673)
1746 – King Philip V of Spain (b. 1683)
1747 – Giovanni Bononcini - Italian composer (b. 1670)
1756 – Pieter Langendijk - Dutch dramatist & poet (b. 1683); other date proposed is July 18 (see)
1766 – Jonathan Mayhew - American minister (b. 1720)
1771 – Michail Baknanas - Greek trader (birth year unknown)
1795 – Henry Seymour Conway - British general & statesman (b. 1721)
1797 – Edmund Burke - British philosopher & statesman (b. 1729)
1850 – Báb - Persian founder of Bábism (b. 1819)
1850 – Zachary Taylor - 12th President of the United States (b. 1784)
1852 – Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan - American politician (b. 1794)
1855 – FitzRoy Somerset - 1st Baron Raglan, British military officer (b. 1788)
1856 – Amedeo Avogadro - Italian chemist (b. 1776)
1856 – James Strang - American religious figure (b. 1813)
1880 – Paul Broca - French physician & anatomist (b. 1824)
1882 – Ignacio Carrera Pinto - Chilean war hero(b. 1848)
1903 – Alphonse François Renard - Belgian geologist (b. 1842)
1927 – John Drew Jr. - American actor (b. 1853)
1932 – King C. Gillette - American inventor (b. 1855)
1937 – Oliver Law - American military officer (b. 1899)
1938 – Benjamin Cardozo - American jurist (b. 1870)
1947 – Lucjan Żeligowski - Polish general (b. 1865)
1949 – Fritz Hart - English-born Australian composer (b. 1874)
1951 – Harry Heilmann - American baseball player (b. 1894)
1955 – Don Beauman - British racing driver (b. 1928)
1967 – Eugen Fischer - German physician (b. 1874)
1972 – Robert Weede - American baritone (b. 1903)
1974 – Earl Warren - American jurist (b. 1891)
1977 – Alice Paul - American suffragist figure (b. 1885)
1979 – Cornelia Otis Skinner - American actress & author (b. 1899)
1980 – Vinicius de Moraes - Brazilian poet & lyricist (b. 1913)
1983 – Keith Wickenden - British politician (b. 1932)
1985 – Charlotte - Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (b. 1896)
1985 – Jimmy Kinnon - Scottish-born American founder of Narcotics Anonymous (b. 1911)
1992 – Eric Sevareid - American reporter (b. 1912)
1994 – Bill Mosienko - Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1921)
1996 – Melvin Belli - American attorney (b. 1907)
1999 – Robert de Cotret - Canadian politician (b. 1944)
2000 – Doug Fisher - English actor (b. 1941)
2002 – Laurence Janifer - American writer (b. 1933)
2002 – Rod Steiger - American actor (b. 1925)
2004 – Paul Klebnikov - American journalist (b. 1963)
2004 – Isabel Sanford - American actress (b. 1917)
2004 – Riley Dobi Noel - American convicted murderer (b. 1972)
2005 – Chuck Cadman - Canadian politician (b. 1948)
2005 – Yevgenij Grishin - Russian speed skater (b. 1931)
2005 – Alex Shibicky - Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1914)
2005 – Kevin Hagen - American actor (b. 1928)
2006 – Milan Williams - American keyboardist (The Commodores) (b. 1948)
2007 – Charles Lane - American actor (b. 1905)
2008 – Séamus Brennan - Irish politician (b. 1948)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

July 9 - Births

July 9th Details:
July 9 Births:
1511 – Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg - German-born Queen consort of Denmark & Norway, wife of Christian III of Denmark (d. 1571)
1577 – Thomas West - 3rd Baron De La Warr, English-born Jamestown colonist (d. 1618)
1578 – Ferdinand II - Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1637)
1654 – Emperor Reigen of Japan (d. 1732)
1686 – Philip Livingston - American politician (d. 1749)
1689 – Alexis Piron - French epigrammatist & dramatist (d. 1773)
1721 – Johann Nikolaus Götz - German poet (d. 1781)
1753 – William Waldegrave - 1st Baron Radstock, English Governor of Newfoundland (d. 1825)
1764 – Ann Radcliffe - English novelist (d. 1823)
1775 – Matthew Lewis - English novelist (d. 1818)
1786 – Princess Sophie Hélène Béatrice of France - daughter of Louis XVI of France & Marie Antoinette (d. 1787)
1800 – Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle - German physician (d. 1885)
1808 – Alexander William Doniphan - American lawyer & soldier (d. 1887)
1819 – Elias Howe - American inventor (d. 1867)
1828 – Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano - Italian Catholic churchman (d. 1913)
1836 – Henry Campbell-Bannerman - 51st Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1908)
1836 – Camille of Renesse-Breidbach - Belgian nobleman & entrepreneur (d. 1904)
1848 – Robert I - Duke of Parma, Italian nobleman - the last ruling Duke of Parma (d. 1907)
1858 – Franz Boas - German anthropologist (d. 1942)
1879 – Ottorino Respighi - Italian composer (d. 1936)
1879 – Carlos Chagas - Brazilian physician (d. 1934)
1889 – Leo Dandurand - American-born Canadian hockey executive (d. 1964)
1893 – George Geary - English cricketer (d. 1981)
1894 – Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa - Russian physicist, Nobel Prize laureate]] (d. 1984)
1901 – Dame Barbara Cartland - English novelist (d. 2000)
1901 – Konstantinos Kallias - Greek politician (d. 2004)
1905 – Clarence Campbell - Canadian hockey executive (d. 1984)
1908 – Allama Rasheed Turabi - Pakistani scholar, orator & philosopher (d. 1973)
1911 – Mervyn Peake - British writer & illustrator (d. 1968)
1911 – John A. Wheeler - American physicist (d. 2008)
1915 – David Diamond - American composer (d. 2005)
1916 – Sir Dean Goffin - New Zealand composer (d. 1984)
1916 – Edward Heath - 68th Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 2005)
1918 – Jarl Wahlström - Finnish 12th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1999)
1925 – Guru Dutt - Indian film director, producer & actor (d. 1964)
1925 – Charles E. Wicks - American professor of chemical engineering *1926 – Ben Roy Mottelson, American-born physicist, Nobel laureate
1927 – Ed Ames - American singer & actor
1927 – Susan Cabot - American actress (d. 1986)
1927 – Red Kelly - Canadian ice hockey player
1928 – Federico Bahamontes - Spanish cyclist
1928 – Vince Edwards - American actor, director & singer (d. 1996)
1929 – King Hassan II of Morocco (d. 1999)
1929 – Lee Hazlewood - American country singer, songwriter & producer (d. 2007)
1929 – Jesse McReynolds - American singer & mandolinist
1930 – Buddy Bregman - American musical arranger & conductor
1930 – Roy McLean - South African cricketer (d. 2007)
1932 – Donald Rumsfeld - 13th & 21st United States Secretary of Defense
1933 – Oliver Sacks - British neurologist & author
1934 – Michael Graves - American architect
1935 – Wim Duisenberg - Dutch economist & politician (d. 2005)
1935 – Michael Williams - English actor (d. 2001)
1936 – Floyd Abrams - American attorney & advocate
1936 – June Jordan - American poet, writer & teacher (d. 2002)
1936 – André Pronovost - French-Canadian ice hockey player
1936 – Richard Wilson - Scottish actor & director
1937 – David Hockney - English painter, draughtsman, printmaker, stage designer & photographer
1938 – Sanjeev Kumar - Indian actor (d.1985)
1938 – Brian Dennehy - American actor
1942 – Richard Roundtree - American actor
1942 – Edy Williams - American actress
1943 – John Casper - American astronaut
1945 – Dean R. Koontz - American novelist
1945 – Root Boy Slim - American entertainer (d. 1993)
1946 – Natasha Pyne - English actress
1946 – Bon Scott - Australian singer (AC/DC) (d. 1980)
1947 – Haruomi Hosono - Japanese bassist (Yellow Magic Orchestra) & record producer
1947 – Mitch Mitchell - English drummer (Jimi Hendrix Experience) (d. 2008)
1947 – O.J. Simpson - American football player & actor
1948 – Hassan Wirajuda - Indonesian politician
1949 – Jesse Duplantis - American Evangelist, author & inspirational speaker
1950 – Viktor Yanukovych - the 4th President of Ukraine
1951 – Chris Cooper - American actor
1952 – John Tesh - American composer
1953 – Margie Gillis - Canadian dancer & choreographer
1953 – Thomas Ligotti - American writer
1955 – Steve Coppell - English footballer & manager
1955 – Fred Norris - American radio personality
1955 – Jimmy Smits - American actor
1955 – Willie Wilson - American baseball player
1955 – Lindsey Graham - American politician
1956 – Marc Almond - British singer
1956 – Tom Hanks - American actor
1957 – Tim Kring - American writer & producer
1957 – Kelly McGillis - American actress
1957 – Paul Merton - British comedian
1957 – Jim Paxson - American basketball player
1959 – Jim Kerr - Scottish singer (Simple Minds)
1959 – Kevin Nash ("Diesel") - American pro wrestler
1959 – Clive Stafford Smith - British human-rights lawyer
1960 – Marc Mero ("Johnny B. Badd") - American pro wrestler
1964 – Courtney Love - American singer & guitarist (Hole) & actress
1964 – Gianluca Vialli - Italian football player & coach
1965 – Frank Bello - American bassist (Anthrax)
1965 – Thomas Jahn - German actor & director
1965 – David O'Hara - Scottish actor
1965 – Jason Rhoades - American installation artist (d. 2006)
1966 – Pamela Adlon - American voice actress
1967 – Gunnar Axén - Swedish politician
1967 – Mark Stoops - American football coach
1968 – Paolo Di Canio - Italian football player
1968 – Lars Gyllenhaal - Swedish historian
1969 – Jason Kearton - Australian footballer
1969 – Mark Lui - Hong Kong composer & producer
1970 – Dani Behr - English model & TV presenter
1970 – Trent Green - American football player
1970 – Masami Tsuda - Japanese manga author
1971 – Marc Andreessen - American software developer
1973 – Kelly Holcomb - American football player
1973 – Enrique Murciano - American actor
1974 – Sian Berry - British politician
1974 – Gary Kelly - Irish football player
1974 – Nikola Sarcevic - Swedish bassist & singer (Millencolin)
1975 – Shelton Benjamin - American pro wrestler
1975 – Isaac Brock - American singer, guitarist, banjoist & songwriter (Modest Mouse, Ugly Casanova)
1975 – Craig Quinnell - Welsh rugby player
1975 – Jack White - American vocalist, guitarist & pianist (The White Stripes)
1976 – Fred Savage - American actor
1976 – Jochem Uytdehaage - Dutch speed skater
1978 – Kara Goucher - American long distance runner
1978 – Linda Park - Korean-born actress
1978 – Mark Medlock - German singer
1979 – Ella Koon - Hong Kong singer & actress
1979 – Suzanne Stokes - American model, (Playboy's Playmate of the Month in February 2000)
1980 – Michael A. Cotignola - III ("Jersey Cowboy"), American pro wrestler & writer
1981 – Kimveer Gill - Canadian spree shooter (Dawson College shooting) (d. 2006)
1982 – Ashly DelGrosso - American ballroom dancer
1982 – Alecko Eskandarian - American footballer
1982 – Toby Kebbell - English actor
1982 – Maggie Ma - Canadian actress
1982 – Sakon Yamamoto - Japanese racing driver
1983 – Lucia Micarelli - American violinist (Jethro Tull)
1984 – Jacob Hoggard - Canadian singer (Hedley)
1985 – Paweł Korzeniowski - Polish swimmer
1985 – Ashley Young - English footballer
1986 – Dominic Cervi - American footballer
1986 – Simon Dumont - American freestyle skier
1986 – Kiely Williams - American singer & actress
1990 – Fábio Pereira da Silva - Brazilian footballer
1990 – Rafael Pereira da Silva - Brazilian footballer
1991 – Spencer Elden - American model
1991 – Mitchel Musso - American actor
1995 – Georgie Henley - English actress

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.