Thursday, 8 July 2010

July 8 - Summary

July 8th Summary:

July 8 - Events

July 8th Details:
July 8 Events:
1099 – First Crusade - spectacle of 15,000 starving Christian soldiers marching in a religious procession around Jerusalem, whilst the Muslim defenders look on.
1283 – Naval Battle of Malta between the Aragonese & the Neapolitan fleets - War of the Sicilian Vespers.
1497 – Vasco da Gama embarks on the first direct European voyage to India.
1579 – Our Lady of Kazan (holy icon of the Russian Orthodox Church) is discovered underground in the city of Kazan, Tatarstan.
1663 – Charles II of England grants John Clarke a Royal Charter to Rhode Island.
1709 – Battle of Poltava – Peter I of Russia defeats Charles XII of Sweden at Poltava (Great Northern War).
1716 – Naval Battle of Dynekilen (Great Northern War).
1758 – French forces hold Fort Carillon against the British at Ticonderoga, New York.
1760 – Battle of Restigouche – British forces defeat French forces in last naval battle in New France (French & Indian War).
1775 – Signing of the Olive Branch Petition by the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies.
1776 – The Declaration of Independence is read aloud in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania & the Liberty Bell is rung.
1822 – Chippewas turn over huge tract of land in Ontario to the United Kingdom.
1853 – Commodore Perry sails into Tokyo Bay.
1859 – King Charles XV & IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
1864 – Choshu Han shishi's planned Shinsengumi sabotage on Kyoto, Japan at Ikedaya (Ikedaya Jiken).
1874 – The Mounties begin their March West.
1889 – Wall Street Journal's first issue is published.
1892 – Great Fire of 1892 in St. John's, Newfoundland.
1898 – Death of crime boss Soapy Smith enables the release of Skagway, Alaska.
1907 – First Follies staged by Florenz Ziegfeld on the roof of the New York Theater in New York City.
1932 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average reaches its lowest level of the Great Depression - bottoms out at 41.22.
1947 – Reports are broadcast that a UFO crash landed in Roswell, New Mexico.
1960 – Francis Gary Powers is charged in the Soviet Union with espionage resulting from his flight.
1962 – Ne Win besieges & dynamites the Rangoon University Student Union building.
1965 – Train robber Ronald Biggs escapes from Wandsworth Prison, London.
1966 – King Mwambutsa IV Bangiriceng of Burundi is deposed by his son Prince Charles Ndizi.
1969 – IBM CICS is made generally available for the 360 mainframe computer.
1970 – Richard Nixon delivers a special congressional message enunciating Native American Self-Determination as official US Indian policy.
1982 – Attempted assassination of Saddam Hussein in Dujail.
1982 – The Senegalese Trotskyist political party LCT is legally recognized.
1996 – Machete weilding schizophrenic man wounds 3 children & 4 adults at a primary school in Wolverhampton, England.
1997 – NATO invites the Czech Republic, Hungary, & Poland to join the alliance in 1999.
1999 – Allen Lee Davis is executed by electric chair by the state of Florida.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

July 8 - Deaths

July 8th Details:
July 8 Deaths:
810 – King Pepin of Italy - son of Charlemagne (b. 773)
901 – Grimbald - Benedectine monk & Saint (b. 827)
975 – Edgar the Peaceful - King of England (b. 943)
1153 – Pope Eugene III (b. c. 1087)
1538 – Diego de Almagro - Spanish explorer (b. 1475)
1623 – Pope Gregory XV (b. 1554)
1689 – Edward Wooster - English-born Connecticut pioneer (b. 1622)
1695 – Christiaan Huygens - Dutch mathematician, astronomer, physicist & horologist (b. 1629)
1716 – Robert South - English churchman (b. 1634)
1721 – Elihu Yale - American benefactor of Yale University (b. 1649)
1726 – John Ker - Scottish spy (b. 1673)
1784 – Torbern Bergman - Swedish chemist (b. 1735)
1822 – Percy Bysshe Shelley - English poet (b. 1792)
1826 – Luther Martin - American statesman (b. 1748)
1850 – Prince Adolphus - 1st Duke of Cambridge (b. 1774)
1855 – Sir William Edward Parry - English Arctic explorer (b. 1790)
1859 – King Oscar I of Sweden & Norway (b. 1799)
1887 – Ben Holladay - American businessman & founder of the Overland Stagecoach Company (b. 1819)
1895 – Johann Josef Loschmidt - Austrian chemist & physicist (b. 1821)
1898 – Soapy Smith - American con artist & gangster (b. 1860)
1905 – Walter Kittredge - American violinist & abolitionist (b. 1834)
1913 – Louis Hémon - French-born Canadian writer (b. 1880)
1917 – Tom Thomson - Canadian painter (b. 1877)
1930 – Sir Joseph Ward - 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (b. 1856)
1933 – Anthony Hope - British author (b. 1863)
1934 – Benjamin Baillaud - French astronomer (b. 1848)
1939 – Havelock Ellis - British physician (b. 1859)
1941 – Moses Schorr - Polish rabbi, senator, historian & orientalist (b. 1874)
1943 – Jean Moulin - French Resistance leader (b. 1899)
1950 – Othmar Spann - Austrian philosopher (b. 1878)
1956 – Giovanni Papini - Italian essayist (b. 1881)
1957 – Grace Coolidge - First Lady of the United States (b. 1879)
1961 – Konstantinos Logothetopoulos - Greek medical doctor & politician, the 2nd Prime Minister of the collaborationist Hellenic State (b. 1878)
1962 – Georges Bataille - French writer & philosopher (b. 1897)
1967 – Fatima Jinnah - Pakistani political figure (b. 1893)
1971 – Charlie Shavers - American jazz trumpet player (b. 1920)
1973 – Ben-Zion Dinur - Russian-born Israeli educator, historian & politician (b. 1884)
1973 – Wilfred Rhodes - English cricketer (b. 1877)
1979 – Sin-Itiro Tomonaga - Japanese physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1906)
1979 – Robert Burns Woodward - American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1917)
1979 – Michael Wilding - English actor (b. 1912)
1981 – Wild Bill Hallahan - American baseball player (b. 1902)
1986 – Skeeter Webb - American baseball player (b. 1909)
1987 – Gerardo Diego - Spanish poet (b. 1896)
1987 – Lionel Chevrier - Canadian politician (b. 1903)
1988 – Ray Barbuti - American middle distance runner & football player (b. 1905)
1990 – Howard Duff - American actor (b. 1913)
1991 – James Franciscus - American actor (b. 1934)
1994 – Christian-Jaque - French film director & screenwriter (b. 1904)
1994 – Kim Il-sung - North Korean leader (b. 1912)
1994 – Lars-Eric Lindblad - Swedish-born American entrepreneur & explorer (b. 1927)
1994 – Dick Sargent - American actor (b. 1930)
1999 – Pete Conrad - American astronaut (b. 1930)
2001 – John O'Shea - New Zealand film director (b. 1920)
2002 – Ward Kimball - American animator (b. 1914)
2004 – Paula Danziger - American author (b. 1944)
2004 – Jean Lefebvre - French actor (b. 1922)
2006 – June Allyson - American actress (b. 1917)
2006 – Peter Hawkins - British actor & voice actor (b. 1924)
2008 – John Templeton - British businessman & philanthropist (b. 1912)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

July 8 - Births

July 8th Details:
July 8 Births:
1528 – Emmanuel Philibert - Duke of Savoy (d. 1580)
1545 – Carlos - Prince of Asturias (d. 1568)
1593 – Artemisia Gentileschi - Italian painter (d. 1653)
1621 – Jean de la Fontaine - French writer (d. 1695)
1760 – Christian Kramp - French mathematician (d. 1826)
1766 – Dominique Jean Larrey - French surgeon (d. 1842)
1792 – Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen - Queen of Bavaria (d. 1854)
1819 – Francis Leopold McClintock - British naval officer & explorer (d. 1907)
1830 – Frederick William Seward - 6th & 11th United States Assistant Secretary of State (d. 1915)
1830 – Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Altenburg - German-born wife of Grand Duke Konstantin Nikolayevich of Russia (d. 1911)
1836 – Joseph Chamberlain - British politician (d. 1914)
1838 – Ferdinand von Zeppelin - German inventor (d. 1917)
1839 – John D. Rockefeller - American industrialist & philanthropist (d. 1937)
1851 – Arthur Evans - English archaeologist (d. 1941)
1857 – Alfred Binet - French psychologist (d. 1911)
1867 – Käthe Kollwitz - German painter - printmaker & sculptor (d. 1945)
1878 – Jimmy Quinn - Scottish footballer (d. 1945)
1882 – Percy Grainger - Australian composer (d. 1961)
1885 – Ernst Bloch - German philosopher (d. 1977)
1892 – Richard Aldington - English poet (d. 1962)
1892 – Pavel Korin - Russian painter (d. 1967)
1895 – Igor Tamm - Russian physicist - Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
1898 – Melville Ruick - American actor (d. 1972)
1904 – Henri Cartan - French mathematician (d. 2008)
1905 – Leonid Amalrik - Russian animator (d. 1997)
1906 – Philip Johnson - American architect (d. 2005)
1907 – George W. Romney - American businessman & politician (d. 1995)
1908 – Louis Jordan - American saxophonist (d. 1975)
1908 – Nelson A. Rockefeller - 41st Vice President of the United States (d. 1979)
1914 – Jyoti Basu - Indian politician (d. 2010)
1914 – Billy Eckstine - American jazz singer (d. 1993)
1917 – Faye Emerson - American actress (d. 1983)
1918 – Craig Stevens - American actor (d. 2000)
1918 – Paul B. Fay - American businessman & cabinet member in the Kennedy administration (d. 2009)
1919 – Walter Scheel - German politician
1920 – Godtfred Kirk Christiansen - Danish industrialist (Lego Group) (d. 1995)
1923 – Harrison Dillard - American sprinter & hurdler
1924 – Johnnie Johnson - American blues pianist (d. 2005)
1926 – Elisabeth Kübler-Ross - Swiss-born psychiatrist (d. 2004)
1927 – Maurice Hayes - Irish politician
1932 – Jerry Vale - American singer
1933 – Marty Feldman - English comedian & actor (d. 1982)
1933 – Antonio Lamer - French Canadian lawyer & chief justice (d. 2007)
1934 – Ed Lumley - Canadian corporate executive & politician
1935 – Steve Lawrence - American entertainer & singer
1935 – Vitali Sevastyanov - Russian cosmonaut
1940 – Ben Chapman - English politician & civil servant
1941 – Dario Gradi - Italian-born English football manager
1942 – Phil Gramm - American politician
1944 – Jai Johanny Johanson - American drummer & percussionist (The Allman Brothers Band)
1944 – Jeffrey Tambor - American actor
1945 – Micheline Calmy-Rey - Swiss politician
1947 – Kim Darby - American actress
1947 – Luis Fernando Figari - Peruvian founder of Sodalitium Christianae Vitae
1948 – Raffi Cavoukian (musician)|Raffi]] - Egyptian born Canadian children's entertainer
1949 – Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy - Indian politician - the 14th Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh (d. 2009)
1949 – Frank Delima - American comedian
1949 – Dale Hoganson - Canadian ice hockey player
1949 – Wolfgang Puck - Austrian-born celebrity chef
1951 – Anjelica Huston - American actress
1952 – Jack Lambert - American football player
1952 – Marianne Williamson - American spiritual activist & founder of the Peace Alliance
1952 – Anna Quindlen - American newspaper columnist
1955 – Mihaela Mitrache - Romanian actress (d. 2008)
1955 – Alison Fraser - American actress
1956 – Terry Puhl - Canadian baseball player
1957 – Aleksandr Gurnov - Russian television personality
1957 – Carlos Cavazo - Mexican-born American guitarist (Quiet Riot - Ratt)
1958 – Kevin Bacon - American actor
1958 – Tzipi Livni - Israeli politician
1958 – Pauline Quirke - British actress
1958 – Neetu Singh - Indian actress
1958 – Andreas Carlgren - Swedish politician
1959 – Robert Knepper - American actor
1960 – Mal Meninga - Australian rugby league footballer
1961 – Toby Keith - American country music singer-songwriter
1961 – Andrew Fletcher - English vocalist & synth & bass player (Depeche Mode)
1962 – Joan Osborne - American singer & songwriter
1963 – Mark Christopher - American film director
1964 – Linda de Mol - Dutch actress & host
1964 – Alexei Gusarov - Russian ice hockey player
1965 – Lee Tergesen - American actor
1966 – Ralf Altmeyer - German virologist
1966 – Shadlog Bernicke - Nauruan politician
1967 – Jordan Chan - Hong Kong actor & singer
1968 – Akio Suyama - Japanese seiyu
1968 – Billy Crudup - American actor
1968 – Thom Fitzgerald - American-Canadian film director
1968 – Shane Howarth - New Zealand rugby player (also capped by Wales)
1968 – Michael Weatherly - American actor
1969 – Sugizo Japanese guitarist & singer (Luna Sea)
1970 – Beck - American singer
1971 – Amanda Peterson - American actress
1971 – John Juanda - Indonesian poker player
1971 – Neil Jenkins - Welsh rugby player
1972 – Karl Dykhuis - Canadian ice hockey player
1972 – Shōsuke Tanihara - Japanese actor
1972 – Sourav Ganguly - Indian cricketer
1973 – Kathleen Robertson - Canadian actress
1974 – Zhanna Friske - Russian actress & singer
1974 – Tami Erin - American actress & model
1975 – Elias Viljanen - Finnish guitarist (Sonata Arctica)
1976 – Talal El Karkouri - Moroccan footballer
1976 – David Kennedy - American guitarist (Angels & Airwaves)
1977 – Wang Zhizhi - Chinese basketball player
1977 – Milo Ventimiglia - American actor
1977 – Paolo Tiralongo - Italian cyclist
1978 – Rachael Lillis - American actress
1978 – Eve Myles - Welsh actress
1979 – André - Armenian singer
1980 – Robbie Keane - Irish footballer
1981 – Anastasia Myskina - Russian tennis player
1982 – Hakim Warrick - American basketball player
1982 – Joshua Alba - American actor
1982 – Sophia Bush - American actress
1983 – Jaroslav Janiš - Czech racing car driver
1983 – John Bowker - American baseball player
1983 – Daniel Navarro García - Spanish cyclist
1984 – Alexis Dziena - American actress
1985 – Jamie Cook - British guitarist (Arctic Monkeys)
1986 – Renata Costa (Kóki) - Brazilian footballer
1986 – Jake McDorman - American actor
1987 – Vlada Roslyakova - Russian model
1988 – Jesse Sergent - New Zealand cyclist
1992 – Benjamin Grosvenor - British pianist
1992 – Sky Ferreira - American singer
1998 – Jaden Smith - American actor
2000 – Sophie Nyweide - American child actress
2001 – Yang Peiyi - Chinese child singer

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.