Wednesday, 23 June 2010

June 23 - Summary

June 23rd Summary:

June 23 - Events

June 23rd Details:
June 23rd Events:
79 – Titus succeeds his father Vespasian as the tenth Roman Emperor.
1180 – First Battle of Uji - starting the Genpei War in Japan.
1305 – Peace treaty signed between the Flemish & the French at Athis-sur-Orge.
1314 – The Battle of Bannockburn (south of Stirling) begins (First War of Scottish Independence).
1532 – Henry VIII & François I sign a secret treaty against Emperor Charles V.
1565 – Turgut Reis (Dragut), the commander of the Ottoman navy, dies during the Siege of Malta.
1611 – Mutiny of the crew of Henry Hudson's 4th voyage - Henry, his son & 7 loyal crew members are set adrift in an open boat in what is now Hudson Bay; they are never be heard from again.
1661 – Marriage between Charles II of England & Catherine of Braganza.
1757 – Battle of Plassey – 3,000 British troops under Robert Clive defeat a 50,000 strong Indian army under Siraj Ud Daulah at Plassey.
1758 – Battle of Krefeld in Seven Years' War – British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany.
1760 – Battle of Landeshut in Seven Years' War – Austria defeats Prussia.
1780 – Battle of Springfield fought in & around Springfield, New Jersey (American Revolution).
1794 – Jews granted permission to settle in Kiev by Empress Catherine II of Russia.
1810 – Pacific Fur Company formed by John Jacob Astor.
1812 – War of 1812: Great Britain revokes the restrictions on American commerce.
1812 – Napoleon I of France invades Russia (Napoleonic Wars).
1860 – Government Printing Office established by the United States Congress.
1868 – Typewriter patent received by Christopher Latham Sholes.
1887 – The Rocky Mountains Park Act becomes law in Canada creating the nation's first national park, Banff National Park.
1894 – The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne in Paris.
1914 – Pancho Villa takes Zacatecas from Victoriano Huerta (Mexican Revolution).
1919 – Estonian Liberation War - decisive defeat of German Freikorps (Baltische Landeswehr) forces in the Battle of Cesis (Võnnu lahing).
1926 – First SAT exam administered.
1938 – The Civil Aeronautics Act is signed into law, forming the Civil Aeronautics Authority in the United States.
1940 – Adolf Hitler surveys newly defeated Paris in now occupied France (World War II).
1941 – The Lithuanian Activist Front declares independence from the Soviet Union & forms the Provisional Government of Lithuania.
1942 – First selections for the gas chamber at Auschwitz take place (World War II).
1943 – British destroyers HMS Eclipse & HMS Laforey sink the Italian submarine Ascianghi in the Mediterranean after she torpedoes the cruiser HMS Newfoundland (World War II).
1946 – The 1946 Vancouver Island earthquake strikes Vancouver Island, British Columbia, Canada.
1956 – Gamal Abdel Nasser is elected president of Egypt.
1958 – Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers.
1959 – Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison & allowed to emigrate to Dresden, East Germany where he resumes a scientific career.
1961 – Antarctic Treaty, which sets aside Antarctica as a scientific preserve & bans military activity on the continent, comes into force.
1967 – Glassboro Summit Conference - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson meets with Soviet Premier Aleksei Kosygin in Glassboro, New Jersey.
1972 – Watergate Scandal - U.S. President Richard M. Nixon & White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the Central Intelligence Agency to obstruct the Federal Bureau of Investigation's investigation into the Watergate break-ins.
1972 – 45 countries leave the Sterling Area allowing their currencies to fluctuate independently of the British Pound.
1988 – James E. Hansen testifies to the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy & Natural Resources that it is 99% probable that global warming had begun.
1991 – Moldova declares its independence.
2010 – The longest professional tennis match recorded, at Wimbledon 2010 between John Isner & Nicolas Mahut - 2nd of 3 days.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

June 23 - Deaths

June 23rd Details:
June 23rd Deaths:
79 – Vespasian - Roman Emperor (b. 9)
1018 – Henry I - Margrave of Austria (birth year unknown)
1222 – Princess Constance of Aragon - wife of King Ladislaus III of Hungary & later of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II (b. c. 1179)
1555 – Pedro Mascarenhas - Portuguese explorer (b. 1470)
1582 – Shimizu Muneharu - Japanese military leader (b. 1537)
1615 – Mashita Nagamori - Japanese warlord (b. 1545)
1677 – Wilhelm Ludwig - Duke of Württemberg (b. 1647)
1686 – William Coventry - English statesman (b. c. 1628)
1707 – John Mill - English theologian (b. c. 1645)
1733 – Johann Jakob Scheuchzer - Swiss scholar (b. 1672)
1770 – Mark Akenside - English poet & physician (b. 1721)
1775 – Karl Ludwig - Freiherr von Pöllnitz, German adventurer & writer (b. 1692)
1779 – Ras Mikael Sehul - warlord of Ethiopia (b. c. 1691)
1806 – Mathurin Jacques Brisson - French naturalist (b. 1723)
1811 – Nicolau Tolentino de Almeida - Portuguese poet & satirist (b. 1740)
1832 – James Hall - Scottish geologist (b. 1761)
1836 – James Mill - Scottish philosopher & historian, (b. 1773)
1856 – Ivan Kireevsky - Russian literary critic & philosopher (b. 1806)
1891 – Wilhelm Eduard Weber - German physicist (b. 1804)
1893 – Sir Theophilus Shepstone - British-born South African statesman (b. 1817)
1926 – Viktor Vasnetsov - Russian painter (b. 1848)
1956 – Reinhold Glière - Russian composer (b. 1875)
1959 – Boris Vian - French writer & musician (b. 1920)
1969 – Volmari Iso-Hollo - Finnish athlete (b. 1907)
1970 – Roscoe Turner - American aviator & racer (b. 1895)
1980 – Clyfford Still - American painter (b. 1904)
1980 – Varahagiri Venkata Giri - President of India (b. 1894)
1980 – Sanjay Gandhi - Indian politician, son of Indira Gandhi (b. 1946)
1981 – Zarah Leander - Swedish actress & singer (b. 1907)
1982 – Vincent Chin - Chinese-born American hate crime victim (b. 1955)
1989 – Werner Best - German jurist & Nazi party leader (b. 1903)
1992 – Eric Andolsek - American football player (b. 1966)
1995 – Jonas Salk - American biologist & physician (b. 1914)
1995 – Anatoly Tarasov - Russian ice hockey coach (b. 1918)
1996 – Andreas Papandreou - Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1919)
1997 – Betty Shabazz - American educator & civil rights activist, wife of Malcolm X (b. 1936)
1998 – Maureen O'Sullivan - Irish actress (b. 1911)
1999 – Buster Merryfield - British actor (b. 1920)
2000 – Peter Dubovský - Slovak football player (b. 1972)
2001 – Yvonne Dionne - one of the Canadian Dionne quintuplets (b. 1934)
2002 – Pedro 'El Rockero' Alcazar - Panamanian boxer (b. 1975)
2003 – Maynard Jackson - American politician, the first African-American Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia (b. 1938)
2005 – Shana Alexander - American journalist (b. 1926)
2005 – Manolis Anagnostakis - Greek poet (b. 1925)
2006 – Aaron Spelling - American television producer (b. 1923)
2006 – Luke Graham - American wrestler (b. 1940)
2006 – Harriet - Galápagos tortoise (b. c. 1830)
2007 – Rod Beck - American baseball player (b. 1968)
2008 – Arthur Chung - President of Guyana (b. 1918)
2009 – Ed McMahon - American television personality (b. 1923)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

June 23 - Births

June 23rd Details:
June 23rd Births:
47 BC – Pharaoh Caesarion (Ptolemy XV) of Egypt (d. 30 BC)
1373 – Queen Joan II of Naples (d. 1435)
1433 – Francis II - Duke of Brittany (d. 1488)
1456 – Margaret of Denmark - wife of James III of Scotland (d. 1486)
1534 – Oda Nobunaga - Japanese warlord (d. 1582)
1596 – Johan Banér - Swedish soldier (d. 1641)
1612 – André Tacquet - Flemish mathematician (d. 1660)
1668 – Giambattista Vico - Italian philosopher & historian (d. 1744)
1683 – Etienne Fourmont - French orientalist (d. 1745)
1703 – Marie Leszczyńska - Polish-born wife of Louis XV of France (d. 1768)
1716 – Fletcher Norton - 1st Baron Grantley, English politician (d. 1789)
1750 – Déodat Gratet de Dolomieu - French geologist (d. 1801)
1763 – Josephine de Beauharnais - wife of Napoleon I Bonaparte (d. 1814)
1799 – John Milton Bernhisel - American physician (d. 1881)
1800 – Karol Marcinkowski - Polish physician & social activist (d. 1846)
1824 – Carl Reinecke - German musician & composer (d. 1910)
1884 – Cyclone Taylor - Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1979)
1888 – Bronson M. Cutting - American politician (d. 1935)
1889 – Anna Akhmatova - Russian poet (d. 1966)
1894 – Alfred Kinsey - American entomologist & sexologist (d. 1956)
1894 – King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (d. 1972)
1902 – Mathias Wieman - German actor (d. 1969)
1903 – Paul Joseph James Martin - Canadian politician (d. 1992)
1905 – Jack Pickersgill - Canadian politician (d. 1997)
1907 – James Meade - English economist, Nobel laureate (d. 1995)
1907 – Dercy Gonçalves - Brazilian comedienne (d. 2008)
1909 – David Lewis - Canadian lawyer & politician (d. 1981)
1910 – Jean Anouilh - French dramatist (d. 1987)
1910 – Gordon B. Hinckley - American President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (d. 2008)
1910 – Milt Hinton - American jazz bassist (d. 2000)
1912 – Alan Turing - English mathematician (d. 1954)
1916 – Len Hutton - English cricketer (d. 1990)
1919 – Muhammad Boudiaf - Algerian political leader (d. 1992)
1922 – Hal Laycoe - Canadian ice hockey player (d. 1998)
1925 – Miriam Karlin - English actress
1927 – Bob Fosse - American choreographer (d. 1987)
1929 – June Carter Cash - American singer (d. 2003)
1929 – Donn Eisele - American astronaut (d. 1987)
1935 – Maurice Ferre - Mayor of Miami, Florida
1936 – Costas Simitis - Prime Minister of Greece
1937 – Martti Ahtisaari - President of Finland & recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
1937 – Niki Sullivan - American guitarist (The Crickets) (d. 2004)
1940 – Adam Faith - English singer & actor (d. 2003)
1940 – Lord Irvine of Lairg - Scottish Lord Chancellor of Great Britain
1940 – Wilma Rudolph - American runner (d. 1994)
1940 – Stuart Sutcliffe - English painter & bassist (The Beatles) (d. 1962)
1941 – Robert Hunter - American lyricist & poet (The Grateful Dead)
1941 – Roger McDonald - Australian writer
1941 – Richard M. Roberts - American attorney
1943 – Vint Cerf - American Internet pioneer, Turing Award laureate
1943 – James Levine - American conductor
1945 – John Garang - Sudanese leader & politician (d. 2005)
1945 – Kjell Albin Abrahamson - Swedish journalist & writer
1946 – Ted Shackelford - American actor
1947 – Bryan Brown - Australian actor
1948 – Myles Goodwyn - Canadian guitarist & vocalist (April Wine)
1948 – Luther Kent - American blues singer
1948 – Darhyl S. Ramsey - American author
1948 – Clarence Thomas - U.S. Supreme Court Justice
1949 – Gordon Bray - Australian sports broadcaster
1950 – Douglas C. Lord - Canadian businessman
1951 – Jim Metzler - American actor
1951 – Michèle Mouton - French racecar driver
1955 – Pierre Corbeil - Canadian politician
1955 – Glenn Danzig - American singer, songwriter & multi-instrumentalist (The Misfits, Samhain, Danzig)
1955 – Maggie Greenwald - American film director & writer
1955 – Jordan - British actress & model
1955 – Jean Tigana - French footballer
1956 – Tony Hill - American football player
1956 – Randy Jackson - American music producer
1957 – Frances McDormand - American actress
1960 – Donald Harrison - American jazz saxophonist
1960 – Tatsuya Uemura - Japanese arcade game musician & programmer
1961 – Zoran Janjetov - Serbian comic artist
1961 – LaSalle Thompson - American basketball player
1962 – Chuck Billy - American singer (Testament)
1962 – Steve Shelley - American drummer (The Crucifucks, Sonic Youth)
1962 – Kari Takko - Finnish ice hockey player
1962 – Kevin Yagher - American special effects technician
1963 – Colin Montgomerie - Scottish golfer
1964 – Yun Lou - Chinese gymnast
1964 – Joss Whedon - American producer, director, & screenwriter
1965 – Paul Arthurs - British guitarist (Oasis)
1965 – Mitch Longley American actor
1966 – Chico DeBarge - American R&B singer (DeBarge)
1966 – Richie Ren - Taiwanese singer & actor
1967 – Helen Geake - British archaeologist
1969 – Martin Klebba - American actor
1970 – Robert Brooks - American football player
1970 – Martin Deschamps - Canadian singer (Offenbach)
1970 – Yann Tiersen - French composer
1971 – Fred Ewanuick - Canadian actor
1971 – Félix Potvin - Canadian hockey player
1972 – Selma Blair - American actress
1972 – Ron Corning - American television anchor
1972 – Zinedine Zidane - French footballer
1973 – Marie N - Latvian singer
1974 – Joel Edgerton - Australian actor
1974 – Mark Hendrickson - American basketball & baseball player
1975 – Kevin Dyson - American football player
1975 – Mike James - American basketball player
1975 – Mik Kersten - Canadian computer scientist
1975 – KT Tunstall - Scottish singer & songwriter
1976 – Wade Barrett - American soccer player
1976 – Joe Becker - American guitarist
1976 – Patrick Monahan - British comedian
1976 – Brandon Stokley - American football player
1976 – Emmanuelle Vaugier - Canadian actress
1976 – Patrick Vieira - French footballer
1977 – Miguel Ángel Angulo - Spanish footballer
1977 – Hayden Foxe - Australian footballer
1977 – Jason Mraz - American singer & songwriter
1977 – Shaun O'Hara - American football player
1978 – Memphis Bleek - American rapper
1978 – Frédéric Leclercq - French bassist (DragonForce)
1978 – Matt Light - American football player
1979 – LaDainian Tomlinson - American football player
1980 – Becky Cloonan - American comic book artist
1980 – Francesca Schiavone - Italian tennis player
1980 – Andy Orr - Irish singer (Six)
1980 – Ramnaresh Sarwan - Guyanese cricketer
1981 – Antony Costa - British singer & songwriter (Blue)
1983 – Jason Berrent - American actor & Cirque du Soleil performer
1983 – Brooks Laich - Canadian ice hockey player
1984 – Duffy - Welsh singer & songwriter
1984 – James Thomas, Jr. - American winner of Survivor: Tocantins
1984 – Dave Walsh - American professional gamer
1984 – Takeshi Matsuda - Japanese swimmer
1987 – Alessia Filippi - Italian swimmer
1988 – Isabella Leong Lok-Sze - Macau-born Hong Kong singer, actress & model
1988 – Chellsie Memmel - American gymnast
1996 – Charlie Jones - British actor

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.