Wednesday, 16 June 2010

June 16 - Summary

June 16th Summary:

June 16 - Events

June 16th Details:
June 16th Events:
1487 – Battle of Stoke Field - final engagement of the Wars of the Roses.
1586 – Philip II of Spain is recognized by Mary, Queen of Scots as her heir & successor.
1745 – British troops take Cape Breton Island, Canada.
1745 – War of the Austrian Succession - Sir William Pepperell captures the French Fortress Louisbourg in Louisbourg, Nova Scotia.
1746 – War of Austrian Succession - Austria & Sardinia defeat a Franco-Spanish army at the Battle of Piacenza.
1755 – French surrender Fort Beauséjour to the British, leading to the expulsion of the Acadians (French & Indian War).
1774 – Foundation of Harrodsburg, Kentucky.
1779 – Siege of Gibraltar begins - Spain declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1815 – Battle of Ligny & Battle of Quatre Bras.
1836 – Formation of the London Working Men's Association which gives rise to the Chartist Movement.
1846 – The Papal conclave of 1846 concludes - Pope Pius IX is elected Pope.
1858 – Abraham Lincoln delivers his House Divided speech in Springfield, Illinois.
1858 – Battle of Morar - occurs during the Indian Mutiny.
1871 – The University Tests Act - allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge & Durham without religious tests (except for courses in theology).
1883 – The Victoria Hall theatre panic in Sunderland, England.
1891 – John Abbott becomes Canada's third Prime Minister.
1897 – A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed.
1903 – Incorporation of the Ford Motor Company.
1903 – Roald Amundsen commences the first east-west navigation of the Northwest Passage after leaving Oslo, Norway.
1904 – Assassination of Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland, by Eugen Schauman.
1904 – James Joyce begins a relationship with Nora Barnacle & uses the date to set the actions for his novel Ulysses - this date is now traditionally called "Bloomsday".
1915 – British Women's Institute founded.
1922 – Irish Free State General election.
1924 – The Whampoa Military Academy is founded.
1925 – The most famous Young Pioneer camp of the USSR, Artek, is established.
1930 – Sovnarkom establishes decree time in the USSR.
1940 – Marshal Henri Philippe Pétain becomes Premier of Vichy France (World War II).
1940 – Installation of a Communist government in Lithuania.
1958 – Execution of Imre Nagy, Pál Maléter & other leaders of the 1956 Hungarian Uprising.
1963 – Vostok 6 Mission – Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova becomes the first woman in space (Soviet Space Program).
1972 – Ulrike Meinhof, a Red Army Faction member, is captured by police in Langenhagen.
1976 – Soweto uprising in Soweto, South Africa - turns into riots when police open fire on the crowd.
1977 – Oracle Corporation is incorporated in Redwood Shores, California.
1989 – Reburial of Imre Nagy, the former Hungarian Prime Minister, in Budapest.
1997 – Dairat Labguer massacre in Algeria.
2000 – Israel complies with UN Security Council Resolution 425 after 22 years of it issuance, which calls on Israel to completely withdraw from Lebanon. Israel complies with the exception of the disputed Sheba Farms.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

June 16 - Deaths

June 16th Details:
June 16th Deaths:
1216 – Pope Innocent III (b. 1160 or 1161)
1397 – Philip of Artois - Count of Eu, French soldier & nobleman (b. 1358)
1468 – Jean Le Fevre - Burgundian chronicler (b. c. 1395)
1622 – Alexander Seton - 1st Earl of Dunfermline, Chancellor of Scotland (b. 1555)
1623 – Christian - Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg-Wolfenbüttel, German Protestant military leader (b. 1599)
1666 – Richard Fanshawe - English poet, translator & diplomat (b. 1608)
1671 – Stenka Razin - Cossack rebel leader (executed) (b. 1630)
1707 – Marie d'Orleans-Longueville - Duchess de Nemours, sovereign princess of Neuchâtel & writer (b. 1625)
1722 – John Churchill - 1st Duke of Marlborough, English general (b. 1650)
1749 – Johann Baptista Ruffini - Italian trader (b. 1672)
1752 – Giulio Alberoni - Spanish cardinal (b. 1664)
1752 – Joseph Butler - English philosopher (b. 1692)
1777 – Jean-Baptiste-Louis Gresset - French poet & dramatist (b. 1709)
1778 – Konrad Ekhof - German actor (b. 1720)
1779 – Sir Francis Bernard - 1st Baronet, Governor of New Jersey & Massachusetts (b. 1712)
1792 – Benjamin Tupper - Continental Army officer, & pioneer to the Ohio Country (b. 1738)
1804 – Johann Adam Hiller - German composer (b. 1728)
1824 – Charles-François Lebrun - duc de Plaisance, Third Consul of France (b. 1739)
1849 – Wilhelm Martin Leberecht de Wette - German theologian (b. 1780)
1850 – William Lawson - English explorer of New South Wales, Australia (b. 1774)
1855 – John Gorrie - American physician (b. 1803)
1858 – John Snow - English epidemiologist (b. 1813)
1862 – Hidenoyama Raigorō - Japanese sumo wrestler, the 9th Yokozuna (b. 1808)
1866 – Joseph Méry French poet (b. 1798)
1869 – Charles Sturt - English explorer (b. 1795)
1872 – Norman MacLeod - Scottish clergyman (b. 1812)
1878 – Crawford Long - American physician (b. 1815)
1881 – Marie Laveau - American Voodoo practitioner (b. 1801)
1881 – Sir Josiah Mason - English pen manufacturer (b. 1795)
1885 – Wilhelm Camphausen - German painter (b. 1818)
1902 – Ernst Schröder - German mathematician (b. 1841)
1925 – Chittaranjan Das - Indian patriot & freedom fighter (b. 1870)
1925 – Emmett Hardy - American jazz cornet player (b. 1903)
1928 – Dr. Mark Keppel - American County Superintendent of Los Angeles County Schools from 1902-1928 (b. 1867)
1929 – Bramwell Booth - English 2nd General of The Salvation Army (b. 1856)
1930 – Ezra Fitch - American founder of Abercrombie & Fitch (b. 1866)
1930 – Elmer Ambrose Sperry - American co-inventor of the gyrocompass (b. 1860)
1939 – Chick Webb - American jazz drummer & big band leader (b. 1905)
1940 – DuBose Heyward - American novelist (b. 1885)
1944 – Marc Bloch - French historian (executed) (b. 1886)
1945 – Aris Velouchiotis - Greek guerrilla resistance leader (b. 1905)
1952 – Andrew Lawson - Scottish-American geologist, the first to map the entire San Andreas Fault (b. 1861)
1953 – Margaret Bondfield - English politician & feminist (b. 1873)
1955 – Ozias Leduc - Quebec painter (b. 1864)
1958 – Imre Nagy - Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1895)
1959 – George Reeves - American actor (b. 1914)
1961 – Marcel Junod - Swiss physician (b. 1904)
1967 – Reginald Denny - English stage, film, & television actor (b. 1891)
1969 – Harold Alexander - British military commander (b. 1891)
1970 – Heino Eller - Estonian composer (b. 1887)
1970 – Brian Piccolo - American football player (b. 1943)
1970 – Sydney Chapman - British mathematician & geophysicist (b. 1888)
1971 – Lord Reith - British broadcast executive (b. 1889)
1977 – Wernher von Braun - German-born rocket scientist (b. 1912)
1979 – Ignatius Kutu Acheamphong - Ghanaian dictator (b. 1931)
1979 – Nicholas Ray - American film director (b. 1911)
1981 – Jule Gregory Charney - American meteorologist (b. 1917)
1982 – James Honeyman-Scott - English guitarist & songwriter (The Pretenders) (b. 1956)
1984 – Lew Andreas - American basketball coach (b. 1895)
1986 – Maurice Duruflé - French composer & organist (b. 1902)
1988 – Miguel Piñero - Puerto Rican playwright, actor & co-founder of the Nuyorican Poets Café (b. 1946)
1990 – Gertrude Baniszewski - American murderer of Sylvia Likens (b. 1929)
1990 – Megan Leigh - American porn star (b. 1964)
1993 – Lindsay Hassett - Australian cricketer (b. 1913)
1994 – Kristen Pfaff - American bassist (Hole) (b. 1967)
1996 – Mel Allen - American baseball announcer (b. 1913)
1996 – Curt Swan - American comic book artist (b. 1920)
1997 – Dal Stivens - Australian author (b. 1911)
1999 – Screaming Lord Sutch - British musician (b. 1940)
2000 – Empress Kōjun of Japan (b. 1903)
2003 – Pierre Bourgault - French Canadian politician (b. 1934)
2003 – Georg Henrik von Wright - Finnish-Swedish philosopher (b. 1916)
2004 – Thanom Kittikachorn - Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1911)
2005 – Enrique Laguerre - Puerto Rican writer (b. 1906)
2006 – Igor Śmiałowski - Polish actor (b. 1917)
2006 – Alireza Shapour Shahbazi - Iranian archaeologist (b. 1942)
2007 – Grand Ayatollah Fazel Lankarani - Iranian cleric (b. 1931)
2007 – Mikhail Kononov - Soviet actor (b. 1940)
2008 – Tom Compernolle - Belgian athlete (b. 1975)
2008 – Mario Rigoni Stern - Italian writer, World War II veteran & Nazi concentration camp survivor (b. 1921)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

June 16 - Births

June 16th Details:
June 16th Births:
1139 – Emperor Konoe of Japan (d. 1155)
1332 – Isabella de Coucy - English princess (d. 1382)
1514 – John Cheke - English classical scholar (d. 1557)
1583 – Axel Oxenstierna - Swedish statesman (d. 1654)
1591 – Joseph Solomon Delmedigo - Crete-born Italian physician, mathematician, & music theorist (d. 1655)
1606 – Arthur Chichester - 1st Earl of Donegall, Irish aristocrat & soldier (d. 1675)
1612 – Murad IV - Ottoman Sultan (d. 1640)
1613 – John Cleveland - English poet (d. 1658)
1633 – Jean de Thévenot - French traveler & scientist (d. 1667)
1644 – Henrietta Anne Stuart - French-born Princess of Scotland, England & Ireland & Duchess of Orléans (d. 1670)
1713 – Meshech Weare - American Governor of New Hampshire (d. 1786)
1723 – Adam Smith - Scottish philosopher & economist (d. 1790)
1738 – Mary Katharine Goddard - American printer & publisher (d. 1816)
1754 – Salawat Yulayev - Bashkir poet (d. 1800)
1792 – John Linnell - English landscape painter (d. 1882)
1792 – Sir Thomas Mitchell - Australian explorer (d. 1855)
1801 – Julius Plücker - German mathematician & physicist (d. 1868)
1806 – Edward Davy - English physician, chemist & inventor (d. 1885)
1813 – Otto Jahn - German archaeologist (d. 1869)
1820 – Athanase Coquerel - French Protestant preacher (d. 1875)
1821 – Old Tom Morris - Scottish golfer (d. 1908)
1826 – Constantin von Ettingshausen - Austrian geologist & botanist (d. 1897)
1829 – Geronimo - Apache leader (d. 1909)
1836 – Wesley Merritt - American general (d. 1910)
1837 – Ernst Laas - German philosopher (d. 1885)
1838 – Cushman Davis - American politician (d. 1900)
1840 – Ernst Otto Schlick - German engineer (d. 1913)
1858 – King Gustaf V of Sweden (d. 1950)
1874 – Arthur Meighen - 9th Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1960)
1880 – Otto Eisenschiml - Austrian-born American chemist & historian (d. 1963)
1888 – Alexander Alexandrovich Friedman - Russian physicist (d. 1925)
1888 – Peter Stoner - American mathematician & astronomer (d. 1980)
1890 – Stan Laurel - British actor & comedian (d. 1965)
1894 – Norman Kerry - American actor (d. 1956)
1896 – Murray Leinster - American science-fiction & alternate history writer (d. 1976)
1897 – Elaine Hammerstein - American actress (d. 1948)
1897 – Georg Wittig - German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1987)
1902 – Barbara McClintock - American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1992)
1902 – George Gaylord Simpson - American paleontologist (d. 1984)
1903 – Helen Traubel - American soprano (d. 1972)
1903 – Huldreich Georg Früh - Swiss composer (d. 1945)
1907 – Jack Albertson - American actor (d. 1981)
1909 – Archie Fairley Carr - American biologist (d. 1987)
1910 – Juan Velasco Alvarado - Peruvian general & President of Peru (d. 1977)
1912 – Enoch Powell - British politician (d. 1998)
1915 – John Tukey - American statistician (d. 2000)
1916 – Hank Luisetti - American basketball player (d. 2002)
1917 – Katherine Graham - American publisher (d. 2001)
1917 – Aurelio Lampredi - Italian mechanical engineer (Ferrari) (d. 1989)
1917 – Irving Penn - American photographer (d. 2009)
1920 – John Howard Griffin - American journalist (d. 1980)
1920 – Raymond U. Lemieux - Canadian organic chemist (d. 2002)
1920 – José López Portillo - 31st President of Mexico (d. 2004)
1923 – Ron Flockhart - Scottish racing driver (d. 1962)
1924 – Faith Domergue - American actor (d. 1999)
1927 – Tom Graveney - English cricketer
1927 – Herbert Lichtenfeld - German author & playwright (d. 2001)
1928 – Speedy O. Long - American politician (d. 2006)
1929 – Ramon Bieri - American actor (d. 2001)
1929 – Pauline Yates - English actress
1930 – Vilmos Zsigmond - Hungarian-born American cinematographer
1930 – Allan D'Arcangelo - American artist (d. 1998)
1934 – Dame Eileen Atkins - English actress
1934 – Roger Neilson - Canadian ice hockey coach (d. 2003)
1934 – William Forsyth Sharpe - American economist, Nobel laureate
1934 – Elvira Vinogradova - Russian TV personality
1935 – Bill Cobbs - American actor
1935 – Jim Dine - American artist
1937 – Erich Segal - American author (d. 2010)
1937 – Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha - Tsar & later Prime Minister of Bulgaria
1938 – James Bolam - English actor
1938 – Joyce Carol Oates - American novelist
1938 – Torgny Lindgren - Swedish writer
1939 – Billy Crash Craddock - American country singer
1940 – Neil Goldschmidt - American Governor of Oregon
1941 – Aldrich Ames - American C.I.A. officer & spy
1941 – Lamont Dozier - American record company executive
1941 – Mumtaz Hamid Rao - Pakistani journalist
1942 – Giacomo Agostini - Italian motorcyclist
1942 – Eddie Levert - American singer (The O'Jays)
1943 – Joan Van Ark - American actress
1944 – Henri Richelet - French painter
1945 – Claire Alexander - Canadian ice hockey player
1945 – Lucienne Robillard - Canadian politician
1946 – Rick Adelman - American basketball player & coach
1946 – Jodi Rell - American politician
1946 – Derek Sanderson - Canadian ice hockey player
1946 – Mark Ritts - American actor (d. 2009)
1947 – -minu - Swiss columnist & writer
1947 – Tom Wyner - British-born American voice actor & writer
1948 – Ron LeFlore - American baseball player
1948 – V. Hanumantha Rao - Indian politician
1949 – Paulo César - Brazilian footballer
1951 – Roberto Durán - Panamanian boxer
1951 – Charlie Dominici - American singer (Dream Theater, Dominici)
1952 – George Papandreou - junior, Greek politician
1952 – Gino Vannelli - Canadian singer & songwriter
1953 – Ian Mosley - British drummer (Marillion)
1953 – Valerie Mahaffey - American actress
1955 – Laurie Metcalf - American actress
1957 – Ian Buchanan - Scottish actor
1958 – Darrell Griffith - American basketball player
1958 – Jóhannes Helgason - Icelandic guitarist (Þeyr)
1958 – Ulrike Tauber - East German swimmer
1959 – The Ultimate Warrior - American professional wrestler
1959 – Desirée Rogers - American public relations executive & former Social Secretary for the White House
1959 – John Franklin - American actor
1960 – Peter Sterling - Australian rugby league footballer
1961 – Steve Larmer - Canadian ice hockey player
1962 – Wally Joyner - American baseball player
1962 – Femi Kuti - Nigerian afrobeat musician
1962 – Arnold Vosloo - South African actor
1962 – Anthony Wong Yiu Ming - Hong Kong composer & producer
1963 – Scott Alexander - American screenwriter
1963 – Jim Fullington - American professional wrestler
1966 – Jan Železný - Czech athlete
1969 – Mark Crossley - Welsh footballer
1970 – Clifton Collins Jr. - American actor
1970 – Cobi Jones - American soccer player
1970 – Phil Mickelson - American golfer
1970 – Younus AlGohar - British spiritualist, author, poet, sufi & humanitarian
1971 – Tupac Shakur - American rapper & actor (d. 1996)
1971 – Chris Gomez - American baseball player
1972 – John Cho - Korean-American actor
1972 – Simon Khan - English golfer
1972 – Ann Shoket - American magazine editor
1973 – Nikos Machlas - Greek footballer
1974 – Paul Lee - British sculptor
1975 – Anthony Carter - American basketball player
1976 – Edwin Tenorio - Ecuadorian footballer
1977 – Kerry Wood - American baseball player
1977 – Petros Papadakis - American sportscaster
1977 – Kevin Foster - American convicted murderer
1977 – Craig Fitzgibbon - Australian rugby league footballer
1978 – Daniel Brühl - German actor
1978 – Dainius Zubrus - Lithuanian ice hockey player
1978 – Jasmine Leong - Chinese Malaysian singer
1978 – Lyndsey Marshal - British actress
1980 – Brandon Armstrong - American basketball player
1980 – Nehir Erdoğan - Turkish actress
1980 – Brad Gushue - Canadian curler
1980 – Martin Stranzl - Austrian footballer
1980 – Joey Yung - Hong Kong singer
1980 – Daré Nibombé - Togolese footballer
1980 – Phil Christophers - German-born English rugby player
1981 – Benjamin Becker - German tennis player
1981 – Kevin Bieksa - Canadian ice hockey player
1981 – Ben Kweller - American singer & songwriter
1981 – Miguel Villalta - Peruvian footballer
1982 – Fraser Cartmell - British triathlete
1982 – Matt Costa - American singer & songwriter
1982 – Missy Peregrym - Canadian actress
1982 – Chris Wingert - American footballer
1982 – Jodi Santamaria - Filipino actress
1983 – Armend Dallku - Albanian footballer
1984 – Steven Whittaker - Scottish Footballer
1984 – Rick Nash - Canadian ice hockey player
1984 – Jonathan Broxton - American baseball player
1986 – Rodrigo Defendi - Brazilian footballer
1986 – Urby Emanuelson - Dutch footballer
1986 – Fernando Muslera - Uruguayan footballer
1986 – Farhad Reza - Bangladeshi cricketer
1986 – Robert Rothbart - Bosnian/Israeli/Serbian basketball player
1987 – Diana DeGarmo - American singer
1987 – Abby Elliott - American comedienne
1987 – Per Ciljan Skjelbred - Norwegian footballer
1987 – Christian Tshimanga Kabeya - Belgian footballer
1988 – Keshia Chante - Canadian singer
1989 – Elena Glebova - Estonian figure skater
1991 – Joe McElderry - X Factor (UK) winner in 2009
1994 – Aarya Ambekar - Indian Marathi singer

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