Saturday, 12 June 2010

June 12 - Summary

June 12th Summary:

June 12 - Events

June 12th Details:
June 12th Events:
1381 – English Peasants' Revolt - the day rebels arrive at Blackheath.
1418 – An insurrection delivers Paris to the Burgundians.
1429 – Joan of Arc leads the French army in their capture of the city & the English commander, William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk (Hundred Years' War).
1560 – Battle of Okehazama - Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto.
1653 – Battle of the Gabbard begins - lasting until June 13 (First Anglo-Dutch War).
1665 – England installs a municipal government in New York City (the former Dutch settlement of New Amsterdam).
1758 – Siege of Louisbourg – James Wolfe's attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia commences (French & Indian War).
1775 – British general Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts (American Revolution).
1776 – The Virginia Declaration of Rights is adopted.
1798 – Battle of Ballynahinch - Irish Rebellion of 1798.
1830 – Start of French colonization of Algeria - French soldiers land 27 kilometers west of Algiers, at Sidi Ferruch.
1860 – Establishment of the State Bank of the Russian Empire.
1864 – Battle of Cold Harbor – Ulysses S. Grant gives the Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee a victory when he pulls his Union troops from their positions at Cold Harbor, Virginia (American Civil War, Overland Campaign).
1889 – Armagh rail disaster near Armagh.
1898 – General Emilio Aguinaldo declares the Philippines' independence from Spain - Philippine Declaration of Independence.
1899 – New Richmond Tornado.
1935 – Chaco War ends - truce between Bolivia & Paraguay.
1940 – Surrender of 13,000 British & French troops to Major General Erwin Rommel at Saint-Valery-en-Caux (World War II).
1942 – Anne Frank receives a diary for her thirteenth birthday.
1943 – Germany liquidates the Jewish Ghetto in Berezhany, western Ukraine (Holocaust).
1963 – Civil rights leader Medgar Evers is murdered in Jackson, Mississippi by Ku Klux Klan member Byron De La Beckwith.
1964 – Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison for sabotage in South Africa.
1967 – Venera 4 is launched (Venera program).
1978 – David Berkowitz, the "Son of Sam" killer in New York City, is sentenced to 365 years in prison for 6 killings.
1987 – The Central African Republic's former Emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa is sentenced to death for crimes he had committed during his 13-year rule.
1987 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan, at the Brandenburg Gate, publicly challenges Mikhail Gorbachev to tear down the Berlin Wall.
1990 – Russia Day – the parliament of the Russian Federation formally declares its sovereignty.
1991 – Boris Yeltsin is elected as the president of the Russian republic.
1991 – The 1991 Kokkadichcholai massacre by the Sri Lankan Army.
1993 – Nigerian election - later annulled by the military Government led by Ibrahim Babangida.
1994 – Murder of Nicole Brown Simpson & Ronald Goldman in Los Angeles, California. O.J. Simpson is later acquitted of the killings.
1997 – Globe Theatre in London is reopened by Queen Elizabeth II.
1999 – Operation Joint Guardian begins (Kosovo War).
2004 – A large (1.3 kg) chondrite type meteorite strikes a house in Ellerslie, New Zealand.
2009 – The controversial 2009 Presidential Election takes place in Iran.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

June 12 - Deaths

June 12th Details:
June 12th Deaths:
816 – Pope Leo III (b. 750)
918 – Æthelflæd - Lady of the Mercians
1020 – Lyfing - Archbishop of Canterbury
1036 – Tedald - Bishop of Arezzo (b. 990)
1418 – Bernard VII - Count of Armagnac, Constable of France (b. 1360)
1435 – John FitzAlan - 14th Earl of Arundel, English military leader (b. 1408)
1560 – Imagawa Yoshimoto - Japanese daimyo (b. 1519)
1560 – Ii Naomori - Japanese warrior (b. 1506)
1565 – Adrianus Turnebus - French classical scholar (b. 1512)
1567 – Richard Rich - 1st Baron Rich, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1490)
1647 – Thomas Farnaby - English grammarian (b. 1575)
1675 – Duke Charles Emmanuel II of Savoy (b. 1634)
1734 – James FitzJames - 1st Duke of Berwick, French military commander (b. 1670)
1758 – Augustus William - Prince of Prussia (b. 1722)
1772 – Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne - French explorer (b. 1724)
1778 – Philip Livingston - American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1716)
1816 – Pierre Augereau - Marshal of France & duc de Castiglione (b. 1757)
1818 – Egwale Seyon - Emperor of Ethiopia
1904 – Camille de Renesse - Belgian Count (b. 1836)
1912 – Frédéric Passy - French economist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1822)
1917 – Teresa Carreño - Venezuelan pianist (b. 1853)
1932 – Theo Heemskerk - Prime Minister of the Netherlands (b. 1852)
1937 – Mikhail Tukhachevsky - Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1893)
1957 – Jimmy Dorsey - American musician (b. 1904)
1962 – John Ireland - English composer (b. 1879)
1963 – Medgar Evers - American civil rights activist (b. 1925)
1966 – Hermann Scherchen - German conductor (b. 1891)
1969 – Alexander Deyneka - Ukrainian painter (b. 1899)
1978 – Guo Moruo - Chinese writer (b. 1892)
1980 – Milburn Stone - American actor (b. 1904)
1980 – Billy Butlin - Founder of the brand of holiday venues known as Butlins (b. 1899)
1980 – Masayoshi Ohira - Prime minister of Japan (b. 1910)
1982 – Karl von Frisch - Austrian zoologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
1982 – Ian McKay - British soldier, Victoria Cross recipient (b. 1953)
1983 – Norma Shearer - Canadian-American actress (b. 1902)
1989 – Lou Monte - American singer (b. 1917)
1994 – Ronald Goldman - American actor & model (b. 1968)
1994 – Nicole Brown Simpson - American ex-wife of O.J. Simpson (b. 1959)
1994 – Rabbi Menachem Mendel Schneerson - Lubavitcher Rebbe (b. 1902)
1994 – Christopher Collins - American actor & comedian (b. 1949)
1995 – Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli - Italian pianist (b. 1920)
1997 – Bulat Okudzhava - Russian writer & musician (b. 1924)
2000 – P. L. Deshpande - Marathi writer (b. 1919)
2002 – Bill Blass - American fashion designer (b. 1922)
2003 – Gregory Peck - American actor (b. 1916)
2005 – Scott Young - Canadian sportswriter, novelist, & journalist (b. 1918)
2006 – György Ligeti - Hungarian composer (b. 1923)
2006 – Kenneth Roy Thomson - 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canadian businessman & art collector (b. 1923)
2006 – Nijiro Tokuda - Japanese supercentenarian (b. 1895)
2006 – Anna Lee Aldred - American first licenced female jockey (b. 1921)
2007 – Don Herbert aka "Mr. Wizard" - American television host (b. 1917)
2008 – Derek Tapscott - Welsh footballer (b. 1932)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

June 12 - Births

June 12th Details:
June 12th Births:
1107 – Emperor Gaozong of China (d. 1187)
1519 – Cosimo I de' Medici - Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1574)
1577 – Paul Guldin - Swiss astronomer & mathematician (d. 1643)
1775 – Karl Freiherr von Müffling - Prussian field marshal (d. 1851)
1777 – Robert Clark - American politician (d. 1837)
1802 – Harriet Martineau - controversial journalist, political economist, abolitionist & life-long feminist (d. 1876)
1806 – John A. Roebling - German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge) (d. 1869)
1812 – Edmond Hébert - French geologist (d. 1890)
1819 – Charles Kingsley - English writer (d. 1875)
1827 – Johanna Spyri - Swiss writer (d. 1901)
1851 – Sir Oliver Lodge - English physicist & writer (d. 1940)
1861 – William Attewell - English cricketer (d. 1927)
1864 – Frank Chapman - American ornithologist (d. 1945)
1875 – Sam De Grasse - Canadian actor (d. 1953)
1888 – Zygmunt Janiszewski - Polish mathematician (d. 1920)
1890 – Egon Schiele - Austrian painter & graphic artist (d. 1918)
1892 – Djuna Barnes - American author (d. 1982)
1892 – Apostolos Grozos - leader of the Communist Party of Greece (d. 1981)
1897 – Anthony Eden - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1977)
1899 – Fritz Albert Lipmann - American biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
1902 – Hendrik Elias - Flemish politician (d. 1973)
1903 – Emmett Hardy - American musician (d. 1925)
1905 – Ray Barbuti - American athlete (d. 1988)
1906 – Sandro Penna - Italian poet (d. 1977)
1908 – Alphonse Ouimet - Canadian TV pioneer & president of the CBC (d. 1988)
1908 – Marina Semyonova - Russian ballerina (d. 2010)
1908 – Otto Skorzeny - WWII German SS commando (d. 1975)
1910 – Bill Naughton - English playwright (d. 1992)
1912 – Carl Iver Hovland - American psychologist (d. 1961)
1913 – Jean Victor Allard - Canadian army general (d. 1996)
1915 – Christopher Mayhew - British politician (d. 1997)
1915 – David Rockefeller - American banker
1916 – Irwin Allen - American film producer (d. 1991)
1916 – Raul Hector Castro - American politician
1918 – Samuel Z. Arkoff - American film producer (d. 2001)
1919 – Uta Hagen - American actress (d. 2004)
1920 – Dave Berg - American cartoonist (d. 2002)
1920 – Peter Jones - English actor (d. 2000)
1920 – Jim Siedow - American actor (d. 2003)
1921 – Christopher Derrick - British writer (d. 2007)
1921 – James Archibald Houston - Canadian artist (d. 2005)
1923 – Monty Westmore - American make-up artist (d. 2007)
1924 – George H. W. Bush - 41st President of the United States
1926 – Jackie Pallo - English professional wrestler (d. 2006)
1928 – Vic Damone - American singer
1928 – Petros Molyviatis - Greek politician
1928 – Richard M. Sherman - American songwriter
1929 – Brigid Brophy - British writer (d. 1995)
1929 – Anne Frank - German-born Dutch Jewish diarist & Holocaust victim (d. 1945)
1929 – Jameel Jalibi - Pakistani scholar, writer, & Urdu linguist
1930 – Donald Byrne - American chess player (d. 1976)
1930 – Jim Nabors - American actor
1930 – Innes Ireland - Scottish racing driver (d. 1993)
1932 – Mimi Coertse - South African soprano
1932 – Rona Jaffe - American novelist (d. 2005)
1932 – Mamo Wolde - Ethiopian athlete (d. 2002)
1933 – Eddie Adams - American photographer, won Pulitzer Prize (d. 2004)
1934 – John A. Alonzo - American cinematographer (d. 2001)
1937 – Vladimir Arnold - Russian mathematician
1937 – Antal Festetics - Austrian biologist
1938 – Tom Oliver - Australian actor
1939 – Frank McCloskey - American politician (d. 2003)
1941 – Marv Albert - American sportscaster
1941 – Chick Corea - American musician
1941 – Roy Harper - English musician
1942 – Bert Sakmann - German physiologist, Nobel laureate
1942 – Len Barry - American singer & musician (The Dovells)
1943 – Reg Presley - English singer/songwriter (The Troggs)
1945 – Pat Jennings - Northern Irish footballer
1946 – Harry Glasper - English writer
1946 – Michel Bergeron - NHL head coach
1948 – Hans Binder - Austrian racing driver
1949 – Jens Böhrnsen - German politician
1949 – Marc Tardif - Canadian ice hockey player
1949 – John Wetton - English musician (Asia)
1951 – Andranik Margaryan - 14th Prime Minister of Armenia (d. 2007)
1951 – Bun E. Carlos - American musician (Cheap Trick)
1951 – Brad Delp - American singer (Boston) (d. 2007)
1951 – Hans Niessl - Austrian politician
1952 – Pete Farndon - English musician (The Pretenders) (d. 1983)
1952 – Spencer Abraham - Secretary of Energy under George W. Bush
1953 – Allan Weiner - American radio station owner
1953 – Rocky Burnette - American Rockabilly musician
1954 – Neil Oatley - English engineer
1956 – Terry Alderman - Australian cricketer
1956 – Rob Collins - English musician (The Charlatans) (d. 1996)
1957 – Timothy Busfield - American actor
1957 – Javed Miandad - Pakistani cricketer & coach
1958 – Rebecca Holden - American actress & singer
1958 – Rory Sparrow - American basketball player
1959 – Jenilee Harrison - American actress
1959 – John Linnell - American musician (They Might Be Giants)
1959 – Scott Thompson - Canadian comedian (Kids in the Hall)
1959 – Jervis Johnson - Games Designer for Games Workshop, Nottingham
1961 – Jim Goad - American author
1961 – Kira Roessler - American musician (Black Flag) & dialogue editor
1962 – Paul Clark - English musician (The Bolshoi)
1962 – John Enos III - American actor
1963 – Warwick Capper - Australian rules footballer
1963 – Tim DeKay - American actor
1963 – Jerry Lynn - American professional wrestler
1963 – Johnny Weiss - American professional wrestler
1963 – Philippe Bugalski - French rally driver
1964 – Kent Jones - American journalist (The Rachel Maddow Show)
1964 – Paula Marshall - American actress
1964 – Derek Higgins - Irish racing driver
1965 – Filip Topol - Czech musician & writer
1965 – Vicky Vette - Norwegian-born adult film actress
1967 – Frances O'Connor - Australian actress
1967 – Icíar Bollaín - Spanish actress, director & writer
1968 – Scott Aldred - American baseball player
1968 – Bobby Sheehan - American musician (Blues Traveler) (d. 1999)
1969 – Zsolt Daczi - Hungarian guitarist (Omen, Bikini) (d. 2007)
1969 – Mathieu Schneider - American ice hockey player
1969 – Heinz-Christian Strache - Austrian politician
1970 – Gordon Michael Woolvett - Canadian actor
1971 – Mark Henry - American professional wrestler
1971 – Ryan Klesko - American baseball player
1972 – Bounty Killer - Jamaican deejay
1973 – Jason Caffey - American basketball player
1973 – Takis Fyssas - Greek footballer
1973 – Darryl White - Australian rules footballer
1974 – Hideki Matsui - Japanese baseball player
1974 – Jason Mewes - American actor
1974 – Kerry Kittles - American basketball player
1975 – Michael Muhney - American actor
1975 – Bryan Alvarez - American professional wrestler
1976 – Thomas Sørensen - Danish footballer
1976 – Antawn Jamison - American basketball player
1977 – Kenny Wayne Shepherd - American blues-rock guitarist
1977 – Wade Redden - Canadian ice hockey player
1978 – DJ Qualls - American model & actor
1979 – Dallas Clark - American football player
1979 – Wil Horneff - American actor
1979 – Robyn - Swedish musician
1979 – Earl Watson - American basketball player
1979 – Diego Milito - Argentinian football player
1980 – Larry Foote - American football player
1980 – Marco Bortolami - Italian rugby union player
1980 – Carrie Davis - American Author
1981 – Adriana Lima - Brazilian supermodel
1981 – Nora Tschirner - German television presenter
1982 – Ben Blackwell - American musician
1982 – Jason David - American football player
1982 – Loïc Duval - French racing driver
1983 – Bryan Habana - South African rugby player
1983 – Christine Sinclair - Canadian footballer
1985 – Blake Ross - American software developer
1985 – Kendra Wilkinson - American television personality & glamour model
1985 – Sam Thaiday - Australian professional rugby league player
1985 – Chris Young - American musician
1986 – Stanislava Komarova - Russian swimmer
1986 – Sergio Rodriguez - Spanish basketball player
1988 – Eren Derdiyok - Swiss footballer
1990 – Kevin Wu - American comedian
1992 – Allie DiMeco - American musician (The Naked Brothers Band)
2001 – John Bigelow, IV - golf prodigy from North Philadelphia

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

June 11 - Summary

June 11th Summary:

June 11 - Events

June 11th Details:
June 11th Events:
1184 BC – Trojan War - Troy is sacked & burned - date based on calculations by Eratosthenes.
631 – Emperor Taizong of Tang, the Emperor of China, sends envoys to the Xueyantuo bearing gold & silk in order to seek the release of enslaved Chinese prisoners captured during the transition from Sui to Tang from the northern frontier.
1345 – The megas doux Alexios Apokaukos, chief minister of the Byzantine Empire, is lynched by political prisoners.
1429 – Start of the Battle of Jargeau (Hundred Years' War).
1509 – Marriage of Henry VIII of England to Catherine of Aragon.
1594 – Philip II recognizes the rights & privileges of the local nobles & chieftains in the Philippines - leading to creation of the Principalía (an elite ruling class of native nobility in Spanish Philippines).
1776 – Appointment of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, & Robert R. Livingston to the Committee of Five to draft a declaration of independence.
1788 – Gerasim Izmailov, the Russian explorer, reaches Alaska.
1837 – The Broad Street Riot occurs in Boston.
1866 – Establishment of the Allahabad High Court (then Agra High Court) in India.
1898 – Spanish-American War - U.S. war ships set sail for Cuba.
1898 – The Hundred Days' Reform is started by Guangxu Emperor in China.
1901 – New Zealand annexes the Cook Islands.
1917 – King Alexander assumes the throne of Greece after his father Constantine I abdicates.
1935 – First public demonstration of FM broadcasting in the United States at Alpine, New Jersey by inventor Edwin Armstrong.
1937 – The Soviet Union under Joseph Stalin executes eight army leaders (Great Purge).
1938 – Battle of Wuhan starts (2nd Sino-Japanese War).
1938 – The Chinese Nationalist government creates the 1938 Yellow River flood to halt Japanese forces - with 500,000 to 900,000 civilians are killed (2nd Sino-Japanese War).
1956 – Start of Gal Oya riots, the first reported ethnic riots that target minority Sri Lankan Tamils in the Eastern Province.
1962 – The alleged only prisoners to escape from Alcatraz Island - Frank Morris, John Anglin & Clarence Anglin.
1963 – Alabama Governor George Wallace stands at the door of Foster Auditorium at the University of Alabama in an attempt to block 2 black students (Vivian Malone & James Hood) from attending that school. Later in the day, the 2 students, accompanied by federalized National Guard troops, are able to register.
1963 – Buddhist monk Thich Quang Duc burns himself with gasoline in a busy Saigon intersection in protest the lack of religious freedom in South Vietnam.
1972 – The Eltham Well Hall rail crash.
1978 – Altaf Hussain founds the students' political movement All Pakistan Muhajir Students Organisation (APMSO) in Karachi University.
1998 – Compaq Computer pays $9 billion for Digital Equipment Corporation.
2001 – Timothy McVeigh is executed for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing.
2002 – Antonio Meucci is acknowledged as the first inventor of the telephone by the United States Congress.
2004 – Cassini-Huygens makes its closest flyby of the Saturn moon Phoebe.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.