Sunday, 23 May 2010

May 23 - Summary

May 23rd Summary:

May 23 - Events

May 23rd Details:
May 23rd Events:
1430 – Siege of Compiègne - Joan of Arc is captured by the Burgundians while leading an army to relieve Compiègne.
1498 – Pope Alexander VI ordered the burning at the stake of Girolamo Savonarola, which occurred on this day.
1533 – Marriage of King Henry VIII to Catherine of Aragon is declared null & void.
1568 – Netherlands declare their independence from Spain.
1568 – Battle of Heiligerlee - Dutch rebels led by Louis of Nassau, defeat Jean de Ligne (Duke of Aremberg) & his loyalist troops - beginning of the Eighty Years' War.
1609 – Second Charter of Virginia is officially ratified.
1618 – Second Defenestration of Prague - precipitates the Thirty Years' War.
1701 – Captain William Kidd is hanged in London. - after his conviction for piracy & of murdering William Moore.
1706 – Battle of Ramillies - John Churchill, the 1st Duke of Marlborough, defeats a French army under Marshal Villeroi.
1805 – Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned King of Italy, in the Cathedral of Milan, with the Iron Crown of Lombardy.
1813 – Simón Bolívar enters Mérida, leading the invasion of Venezuela, & is proclaimed El Libertador ("The Liberator").
1829 – Cyrill Demian in Vienna is granted a patent for the accordion.
1844 – Declaration of the Báb - merchant of Shiraz announces that he is a Prophet, founding a religious movement which would be crushed by the Persian government. This man is considered to be a forerunner of the Bahá'í Faith.
1846 – President Mariano Paredes of Mexico unofficially declares war on the United States (Mexican-American War).
1863 – Siege of Port Hudson takes place.
1863 – Sergeant William Harvey Carney becomes the first African American to be awarded the Medal of Honor (American Civil War).
1873 – Establishment of the North West Mounted Police, the forerunner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
1907 – Unicameral Parliament of Finland gathers for its first plenary session.
1915 – Italy joins the Allies after they declare war on Austria-Hungary (World War I).
1923 – Belgium's SABENA airline is launched.
1929 – First talking cartoon of Mickey Mouse, "The Karnival Kid", is released.
1934 – Bonnie & Clyde (American bank robbers) are ambushed by police & killed in Black Lake, Louisiana.
1939 – The U.S. Navy submarine USS Squalus sinks off the coast of New Hampshire during a test dive.
1945 – Heinrich Himmler, the head of the SS, commits suicide while in Allied custody.
1945 – The Flensburg government under Reichspräsident Karl Dönitz is dissolved when its members are captured & arrested by British forces.
1949 – Federal Republic of Germany is established & the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany is proclaimed.
1951 – Tibetans sign the Seventeen Point Agreement for the Peaceful Liberation of Tibet with the People's Republic of China.
1958 – Explorer 1 ceases transmission.
1967 – Egypt closes the Straits of Tiran & blockades the port of Eilat at the northern end of the Gulf of Aqaba to Israeli shipping.
1995 – First version of the Java programming language is released.
1998 – The Good Friday Agreement is accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland - 75% voting yes.
2002 – The "55 parties" clause of the Kyoto protocol is reached after its ratification by Iceland.
2005 – The fastest roller coaster in the world, Kingda Ka opens at Six Flags Great Adventure.
2006 – Alaskan stratovolcano Mount Cleveland erupts.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 23 - Deaths

May 23rd Details:
May 23rd Deaths:
1125 – Henry V - Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1081)
1304 – Jehan de Lescurel - French poet & composer
1498 – Girolamo Savonarola - Italian religious reformer & ruler of Florence (b. 1452)
1523 – Ashikaga Yoshitane - Japanese shogun (b. 1466)
1524 – Ismail I - Shah of Persia (b. 1487)
1662 – John Gauden - English bishop & writer (b. 1605)
1670 – Ferdinando II de' Medici - Grand Duke of Tuscany (b. 1610)
1691 – Adrien Auzout - French astronomer (b. 1622)
1701 – Captain Kidd - Scottish pirate (b. 1645)
1752 – William Bradford - English-born printer (b. 1663)
1754 – John Wood, the Elder - English architect (b. 1704)
1783 – James Otis - American lawyer & patriot (b. 1725)
1786 – Móric Benyovszky Hungarian count (b. 1746)
1813 – Geraud Duroc - French general (b. 1772)
1825 – Ras Gugsa of Yejju - Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia
1841 – Franz Xaver von Baader - German philosopher & theologian (b. 1765)
1846 – Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki - Polish politician (b. 1778)
1855 – Charles Robert Malden - English explorer (b. 1797)
1857 – Augustin Louis Cauchy - French mathematician (b. 1789)
1868 – Kit Carson - American trapper, scout, & Indian agent (b. 1809)
1886 – Leopold von Ranke - German historian (b. 1795)
1893 – Anton von Schmerling - Austrian statesman (b. 1805)
1895 – Franz Ernst Neumann - German mineralogist & physicist (b. 1798)
1906 – Henrik Ibsen - Norwegian writer (b. 1828)
1908 – François Coppée - French poet & novelist (b. 1842)
1920 – Svetozar Boroević - Austrian field marshal (b. 1856)
1934 – Clyde Barrow - American outlaw (b. 1909)
1934 – Bonnie Parker - American outlaw (b. 1910)
1937 – John D. Rockefeller - American industrialist & philanthropist (b. 1839)
1945 – Heinrich Himmler - Nazi official (b. 1900)
1949 – Jan Frans De Boever - Belgian painter (b. 1872)
1965 – Earl Webb - American baseball player (b. 1897)
1966 – Demchugdongrub - Mongolian politician (b. 1902)
1967 – Lionel Groulx - French Canadian priest & historian (b. 1878)
1975 – Moms Mabley - American comedian (b. 1894)
1981 – Gene Green - American baseball player (b. 1933)
1981 – Rayner Heppenstall - English novelist (b. 1911)
1981 – George Jessel - American actor (b. 1898)
1981 – David Lewis - Canadian labour lawyer & politician (b. 1909)
1986 – Sterling Hayden - American actor (b. 1916)
1988 – Aya Kitō - Japanese diarist (b. 1962)
1989 – Georgy Tovstonogov - Russian theatre director (b. 1915)
1991 – Wilhelm Kempff - German pianist & composer (b. 1895)
1992 – Giovanni Falcone - Italian judge (b. 1939)
1994 – Ray Candy - American professional wrestler (b. 1951)
1994 – Joe Pass - American jazz guitarist (b. 1929)
1996 – Patrick Cargill - English actor (b. 1918)
1999 – Owen Hart - Canadian professional wrestler (b. 1965)
2002 – Sam Snead - American golfer (b. 1912)
2003 – Jean Yanne - French actor & director (b. 1933)
2004 – Ramon Margalef - Spanish scientist (b. 1919)
2006 – Clifford Antone - American businessman (b. 1949)
2006 – Lloyd Bentsen - American politician (b. 1921)
2006 – Frits Bernard - American activist (b. 1920)
2006 – Kazimierz Górski - Polish footballer (b. 1921)
2008 – Utah Phillips - American folksinger & activist (b. 1935)
2009 – Roh Moo-hyun - 16th President of the Republic of Korea (b. 1946)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 23 - Births

May 23rd Details:
May 23rd Births:
1052 – King Philip I of France (d. 1108)
1100 – Emperor Qinzong of China (d. 1161)
1606 – Juan Caramuel y Lobkowitz - Spanish writer (d. 1682)
1617 – Elias Ashmole - English antiquarian (d. 1692)
1707 – Carolus Linnaeus - Swedish botanist (d. 1778)
1718 – William Hunter - Scottish anatomist (d. 1783)
1729 – Giuseppe Parini - Italian writer (d. 1799)
1734 – Franz Anton Mesmer - Austrian physician/hypnotist (d. 1815)
1741 – Andrea Luchesi - Italian composer (d. 1801)
1790 – Jules Dumont d'Urville - French explorer (d. 1842)
1794 – Ignaz Moscheles - Bohemian composer & piano virtuoso (d. 1870)
1795 – Charles Barry - English architect (d. 1860)
1810 – Margaret Fuller - American journalist & feminist (d. 1850)
1820 – James Buchanan Eads - American engineer & inventor (d. 1887)
1820 – Lorenzo Sawyer - 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California (d. 1891)
1824 – Ambrose Burnside - American Union Civil War general (d. 1881)
1834 – Carl Heinrich Bloch - Danish painter (d. 1890)
1844 – `Abdu'l-Bahá - Successor to Prophet of the Bahá'í Faith (d. 1921)
1848 – Otto Lilienthal - German aviation pioneer (d. 1896)
1855 – Isabella Ford - English socialist, feminist, trade unionist & writer (d. 1924)
1865 – Epitácio Pessoa - 11th President of Brazil (d. 1942)
1875 – Alfred P. Sloan - American long-time president & chairman of General Motors (d. 1966)
1879 – Dezső Lauber - Hungarian sportsman (d. 1966)
1883 – Douglas Fairbanks - American actor (d. 1939)
1884 – Corrado Gini - Italian sociologist (d. 1965)
1887 – Thoralf Skolem - Norwegian mathematician (d. 1963)
1888 – Zack Wheat - American baseball player (d. 1972)
1889 – Ernst Niekisch - German politician (d. 1967)
1890 – Herbert Marshall - English actor (d. 1966)
1891 – Pär Lagerkvist - Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1974)
1893 – Ulysses S. Grant IV - American geologist & paleontologist (d. 1977)
1895 – Billy Smith English Footballer. (d. 1956)
1896 – Felix Martin Julius Steiner - German Heer & Waffen-SS officer (d. 1966)
1898 – Scott O'Dell - American author (d. 1989)
1898 – Josef Terboven - Reichskommissar of Nazi-occupied Norway (d. 1945)
1900 – Hans Frank - German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
1906 – General P.N. Thapar - 5th Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army (d. 1975)
1908 – John Bardeen - American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1991)
1908 – Hélène Boucher - French aviatrix (d. 1934)
1910 – Margaret Wise Brown - American author (d. 1952)
1910 – Sir Hugh Casson - British architect & painter (d. 1999)
1910 – Scatman Crothers - American actor & musician (d. 1986)
1910 – Artie Shaw - American clarinetist & bandleader (d. 2004)
1911 – Paul Mayer - German Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (d. 2010)
1912 – Jean Françaix - French composer (d. 1997)
1912 – Betty Astell - English actress (d. 2005)
1912 – John Payne - American actor (d. 1989)
1913 – Ruth Fernández - Puerto Rican singer
1917 – Edward Norton Lorenz - American mathematician & meteorologist (d. 2008)
1918 – Denis Compton - English cricketer (d. 1997)
1919 – Betty Garrett - American actress & dancer
1920 – Helen O'Connell - American singer (d. 1993)
1921 – James Blish - American author (d. 1975)
1921 – Humphrey Lyttelton - English musician (d. 2008)
1923 – Alicia de Larrocha - Spanish pianist (d. 2009)
1923 – Walter Wolfrum - German fighter pilot
1924 – Karlheinz Deschner - German researcher & writer
1925 – Joshua Lederberg - American molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 2008)
1925 – Mac Wiseman - American musician
1928 – Jeannie Carson - English actress & comedian
1928 – Rosemary Clooney - American singer & actress (d. 2002)
1928 – Nigel Davenport - English actor
1928 – Pauline Julien - French Canadian singer (d. 1998)
1929 – Ulla Jacobsson - Swedish actress (d. 1982)
1930 – Friedrich Achleitner - German poet
1931 – Barbara Barrie - American actress
1933 – Joan Collins - English actress
1934 – Robert Moog - American inventor (d. 2005)
1935 – Lasse Strömstedt - Swedish writer (d. 2009)
1936 – Ingeborg Hallstein - German opera singer
1936 – Charles Kimbrough - American actor
1938 – Peter Preston - English journalist & author
1939 – Reinhard Hauff - German film director
1939 – Michel Colombier - French composer & songwriter (d. 2004)
1939 – Jack McCarthy - American poet
1940 – Giles Gordon - Scottish literary agent (d. 2003)
1942 – K. Raghavendra Rao - Indian film director
1942 – Gabriel Liiceanu - Romanian philosopher
1943 – General Norman Johnson - American singer (Chairmen of the Board)
1943 – Vicky Moscholiou - Greek singer (d. 2005)
1943 – Alan Walden - American manager, publisher, promoter, & booking agent (Outlaws & September Hase)
1944 – John Newcombe - Australian tennis player
1945 – Padmarajan - Indian film director (d. 1991)
1946 – Frederik de Groot - Dutch actor
1946 – H. Paul Shuch - American SETI scientist
1947 – Bernard Comrie - English linguist
1947 – Ann Hui - Hong Kong film director
1947 – Jane Kenyon - American poet (d. 1995)
1948 – Reggie Cleveland - Canadian baseball player
1949 – Alan Garcia - President of Peru
1949 – Daniel DiNardo - American Roman Catholic cardinal
1951 – Anatoly Karpov - Russian chess player
1951 – Antonis Samaras - Greek politician
1952 – Anne-Marie David - French singer
1952 – "Marvelous" Marvin Hagler - American boxer
1953 – Dick Stellingwerf - Dutch politician
1954 – Hans Kruize - Dutch field hokcey player
1955 – Luka Bloom - Irish singer/songwriter
1956 – Ursula Plassnik - Austrian politician
1956 – Mark Shaw - New Zealand rugby footballer
1956 – Buck Showalter - American baseball player & manager
1956 – Albert Voorn - Dutch equestrian
1957 – Mark Arnold - American actor
1957 – Jimmy McShane Northern Irish singer & front man of Baltimora (d. 1995)
1958 – Mitch Albom - American writer
1958 – Drew Carey - American actor, comedian, & game show host
1958 – François Feldman - French singer
1958 – Paul Street - American author & historian
1959 – Ryuta Kawashima - Japanese neuroscientist
1959 – Marcella Mesker - Dutch tennis player
1961 – Karen Duffy - American actress
1962 – Imran Anwar - Pakistani Internet pioneer & American TV personality
1963 – Wally Dallenbach Jr. - American race car driver & announcer
1963 – Gregg "Opie" Hughes - American radio personality (The Opie & Anthony Show)
1964 – Ruth Metzler-Arnold - member of the Swiss Federal Council
1965 – Tom Tykwer - German film director
1965 – Manuel Sanchís Hontiyuelo - Real Madrid footballer
1966 – Graeme Hick - English cricketer
1966 – Gary Roberts - professional ice hockey player
1966 – Ernst-Paul Hasselbach - Dutch TV host & producer
1967 – Anna Ibrisagic - Swedish politician
1967 – Phil Selway - English drummer (Radiohead)
1968 – Guinevere Turner - American actress
1970 – Yigal Amir - Israeli assassin of Yitzhak Rabin
1970 – Nanette Burstein - American director/producer
1970 – Bryan Herta - American race car driver
1970 – Matt Flynn - American Musician
1970 – Blake Schwendiman - American author
1971 – Laurel Holloman - American actress
1971 – George Osborne - British Chancellor of the Exchequer
1972 – Rubens Barrichello - Brazilian formula one driver
1973 – Jacopo Gianninoto - Italian Musician
1973 – Maxwell - American singer
1973 – Mirjam Sterk - Dutch politician
1974 – Ken Jennings - American game show contestant
1974 – Jewel - American singer
1974 – Mónica Naranjo - Spanish singer
1974 – Charlie Yeung - Hong Kong actress & singer
1975 – Kim Sung-soo - South Korean actor
1976 – Kelly Monaco - American actress
1976 – Ricardinho - Brazilian footballer
1977 – Ilia Kulik - Russian figure skater
1977 – Annabel Kosten - Dutch freestyle swimmer
1978 – Mike González - American baseball player
1978 – Carolyn Moos - American model & professional basketball player
1978 – Scott Raynor - American drummer (blink-182)
1979 – Brian Campbell - Canadian ice hockey player
1979 – Kirk Saarloos - American baseball player
1979 – Rasual Butler - American basketball player
1980 – Lane Garrison - American actor
1980 – Theofanis Gekas - Greek footballer
1980 – Gary Brackett - American football player
1981 – Gwenno Saunders - Welsh dancer & singer (The Pipettes)
1982 – Cyrill Gloor - Swiss footballer
1982 – Malene Mortensen - Danish singer
1982 – Tristan Prettyman - American musician
1983 – Cristiano Bilanzola - Canadian musician & film-maker
1983 – Heidi Range - English singer (Sugababes)
1983 – Alex Shelley - American professional wrestler
1984 – Adam Wylie - American actor
1984 – Sam Milby - Filipino-American actor & commercial model
1985 – Ross Wallace - Scottish footballer
1985 – Wim Stroetinga - Dutch racing cyclist
1986 – Ruben Zadkovich - Australian footballer
1988 – Morgan Pressel - American golfer
1991 – Lena Meyer-Landrut - German singer

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.