Saturday, 22 May 2010

May 22 - Summary

May 22nd Summary:

May 22 - Events

May 22nd Details:
May 22nd Events:
334 BC – Alexander the Great, with his Macedonian army, defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of the Granicus.
1176 – Attempted murder of Saladin near Aleppo by the Hashshashin (Assassins).
1377 – Pope Gregory XI issues 5 papal bulls to denounce the doctrines of English theologian John Wycliffe.
1455 – Wars of the Roses - First Battle of St Albans, Richard, Duke of York, defeats & captures King Henry VI of England.
1762 – Treaty of Hamburg signed by Sweden & Prussia.
1807 – Former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr is indicted by a grand jury on a charge of treason.
1807 – Most of the English town of Chudleigh is destroyed by fire
1809 – Battle of Aspern-Essling (near Vienna) - on the 2nd & last day, Napoleon is repelled by an enemy army for the 1st time.
1819 – The SS Savannah leaves the port of Savannah, Georgia, to become the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean.
1826 – HMS Beagle departs on its first voyage.
1840 – Transporting of British convicts to the New South Wales colony is abolished.
1842 – Howe Caverns is discovered by farmers Lester Howe & Henry Wetsel after stumbling upon a large hole in the ground.
1843 – Part of the Great Migration on what is now known as the Oregon Trail.
1844 – Persian Prophet The Báb announces his revelation, founding Bábism.
1848 – Slavery is abolished in Martinique.
1872 – U.S. President Ulysses S. Grant signs the Amnesty Act of 1872 into law restoring full civil rights to all but about 500 Confederate sympathizers.
1897 – Blackwall Tunnel under the River Thames is officially opened
1903 – Launch of the White Star Liner, SS Ionic.
1906 – Summer Olympics of 1906, not now recognized as part of the official Olympic Games, open in Athens.
1906 – The Wright brothers are granted U.S. patent number 821,393 for their "Flying-Machine".
1915 – Lassen Peak erupts with a powerful force.
1936 – Aer Lingus (Aer Loingeas) is founded by the Irish government as the national airline of the Republic of Ireland.
1939 – Germany & Italy sign the Pact of Steel (World War II).
1942 – Mexico enters World War II on the side of the Allies.
1942 – The United Steelworkers trade union is formed after the Steel Workers Organizing Committee is disbanded
1947 – Truman Doctrine - U.S. President Harry S. Truman signs an act into law to help fight the spread of Communism.
1958 – Sri Lankan riots of 1958.
1960 – Great Chilean Earthquake, hits southern Chile - most powerful earthquake ever recorded.
1962 – Continental Airlines Flight 11 crashes following the explosion of bombs on board.
1969 – Apollo 10's lunar module flies within 16 km of the moon's surface.
1972 – Ceylon becomers a Republic following the adoption of a new constitution - changing it's name to Sri Lanka.
1980 – Pac-Man, the arcade game is relaeased by Namco.
1990 – Republic of Yemen is founded when North & South Yemen unite.
1990 – Microsoft releases the Windows 3.0 operating system.
1992 – Johnny Carson hosts The Tonight Show for the last time.
1992 – Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia & Slovenia join the United Nations.
2002 – Jury in Birmingham, Alabama, convicts former Ku Klux Klan member Bobby Frank Cherry of the 1963 murders of four girls in the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church.
2003 – Annika Sörenstam becomes the first woman to play the PGA Tour in 58 years when she plays at Fort Worth, Texas.
2004 – Town of Hallam, Nebraska, is wiped out by a powerful F4 tornado.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 22 - Deaths

May 22nd Details:
May 22nd Deaths:
192 – Dong Zhuo - Chancellor of Han (slain by his adoptive son Lü Bu) (b. 138)
337 – Constantine the Great - Roman Emperor (b. 272)
748 – Empress Genshō of Japan (b. 680)
1068 – Emperor Go-Reizei of Japan (b. 1025)
1455 – Henry Percy - 2nd Earl of Northumberland, English politician
1455 – Edmund Beaufort - 2nd Duke of Somerset, English commander (b. 1406)
1457 – Saint Rita of Cascia - Italian saint (b. 1381)
1538 – John Forrest - English Franciscan friar (b. 1471)
1540 – Francesco Guicciardini - Italian historian (b. 1483)
1666 – Gaspar Schott - German scientist (b. 1608)
1667 – Pope Alexander VII (b. 1599)
1745 – François-Marie - 1st duc de Broglie, French military leader (b. 1671)
1746 – Thomas Southerne - Irish dramatist (b. 1660)
1760 – Israel ben Eliezer - Polish-born mystical rabbi (b. 1700)
1772 – Durastante Natalucci - Italian historian (b. 1687)
1795 – Ewald Friedrich - Count von Hertzberg, Prussian statesman (b. 1725)
1851 – Mordecai Manuel Noah - American writer, journalist (b. 1755)
1859 – King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies (b. 1810)
1868 – Julius Plücker - German mathematician & physicist (b. 1801)
1885 – Victor Hugo - French author (b. 1802)
1901 – Gaetano Bresci - Italian-American anarchist (b. 1869)
1910 – Jules Renard - French author (b. 1864)
1932 – Lady Gregory - Irish playwright (b. 1852)
1939 – Ernst Toller - German author (b. 1893)
1939 – Jiri Mahen - Czech author (b. 1882)
1965 – Christopher Stone - first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (b. 1882)
1966 – Tom Goddard - English cricketer (b. 1900)
1967 – Langston Hughes - American writer (b. 1902)
1972 – Cecil Day-Lewis - Irish poet & writer (b. 1904)
1972 – Margaret Rutherford - English actress (b. 1892)
1975 – Lefty Grove - American baseball player (b. 1900)
1983 – Albert Claude - Belgian biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1899)
1988 – Giorgio Almirante - Italian politician (b. 1914)
1989 – Steven DeGroote - South African classical pianist (b. 1953)
1990 – Rocky Graziano - American boxer (b. 1922)
1991 – Stan Mortensen - English professional footballer (b. 1921)
1992 – Zellig Harris - American linguist (b. 1909)
1997 – Alfred Hershey - American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1908)
1997 – Renzo Montagnani - Italian actor (b. 1930)
1998 – José Enrique Moyal - mathematical physicist (b. 1910)
1998 – John Derek - American actor, director & photographer (b. 1926)
2003 – Ousmane Zongo - Burkinabé shooting victim
2004 – Richard Biggs - American actor (b. 1960)
2004 – Mikhail Voronin - Russian gymnast (b. 1945)
2005 – Charilaos Florakis - Greek politician, long-time General Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece (b. 1914)
2005 – Julia Randall - American poet (b. 1924)
2005 – Thurl Ravenscroft - American voice actor & singer (b. 1914)
2006 – Lee Jong-wook - Korean Director-General of the World Health Organisation (b. 1945)
2006 – Heather Crowe - Canadian activist (b. 1945)
2008 – Robert Asprin - American author (b. 1946)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 22 - Births

May 22nd Details:
May 22nd Births:
1381 – Saint Rita of Cascia - Italian Saint (d. 1457)
1622 – Louis de Buade de Frontenac - Governor of New France (d. 1698)
1715 – François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis - French cardinal & statesman (d. 1794)
1724 – Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne - French explorer (d. 1772)
1770 – Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom (d. 1840)
1772 – Ram Mohan Roy - Hindu reformer (d. 1833)
1783 – William Sturgeon - English physicist & inventor (d. 1850)
1808 – Gérard de Nerval - French writer (d. 1855)
1813 – Richard Wagner - German composer (d. 1883)
1823 – Solomon Bundy - American politician (d. 1889)
1823 – Isabella Glyn - British actress (d. 1889)
1841 – Catulle Mendès - French poet (d. 1909)
1844 – Mary Cassatt - American artist (d. 1926)
1844 – Abdul-Baha - Son of Baha'u'llah (d. 1921)
1849 – Louis Perrier - Swiss politician (d. 1913)
1859 – Sir Arthur Conan Doyle - British physician & writer (d. 1930)
1874 – Daniel François Malan - Prime Minister of South Africa (d. 1959)
1879 – Warwick Armstrong - Australian cricketer (d. 1947)
1879 – Alla Nazimova - Ukrainian-born actress, scriptwriter, & producer (d. 1945)
1885 – Giacomo Matteotti - Italian politician (d. 1924)
1885 – Toyoda Soemu - Japanese admiral (d. 1957)
1891 – Eddie Edwards - American jazz trombonist (d. 1963)
1900 – Yvonne de Gaulle - widow of Charles de Gaulle (d. 1979)
1901 – Maurice J. Tobin - 56th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1953)
1902 – Al Simmons - American baseball player (d. 1956)
1903 – Yves Rocard - French physicist (d. 1992)
1904 – Paul Viiding - Estonian poet (d. 1962)
1907 – Hergé - Belgian comic-book creator (d. 1983)
1907 – Laurence Olivier - English stage & screen actor (d. 1989)
1908 – Rattana Pestonji - Thai filmmaker (d. 1970)
1908 – Horton Smith. American golfer (d. 1963)
1910 – Johnny Olson - American game show announcer (d. 1985)
1911 – Anatol Rapoport - Russian-born mathematical psychologist & pianist (d. 2007)
1912 – Herbert C. Brown - English-born chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2004)
1914 – Vance Packard - American author (d. 1996)
1914 – Sun Ra - American musician (d. 1993)
1914 – Edward Arthur Thompson - British historian (d. 1994)
1917 – Georg Tintner - Austrian-born conductor (d. 1999)
1917 – Nathan Davis - American actor (d. 2008)
1917 – Daniel Nagrin - American modern dancer & choreographer (d. 2008)
1920 – Thomas Gold - Austrian astrophysicist (d. 2004)
1922 – Quinn Martin - American television producer (d. 1987)
1924 – Charles Aznavour - Armenian-French singer, actor, & composer
1925 – James King - American tenor (d. 2005)
1925 – Jean Tinguely - Swiss artist (d. 1991)
1927 – George Andrew Olah - Hungarian-born chemist, Nobel laureate
1927 – Michael Constantine - American actor
1927 – Phil Tucker - American director
1928 – T. Boone Pickens, Jr. - American businessman
1930 – Harvey Milk - American politician & civil rights activist (d. 1978)
1930 – Kenny Ball - British musician
1934 – Peter Nero - American musician
1934 – Arne Harris - American television sports director (d. 2001)
1935 – Ron Piché - Quebec baseball player
1936 – M. Scott Peck - American psychiatrist & writer (d. 2005)
1938 – Richard Benjamin - American actor
1938 – Susan Strasberg - American actress (d. 1999)
1940 – Bernard Shaw - American television journalist
1940 – Michael Sarrazin - Canadian actor
1941 – Paul Winfield - American actor (d. 2004)
1941 – Sir Menzies Campbell - British politician
1941 – Martha Langbein - German athlete
1942 – Calvin Simon - American musician (P Funk)
1942 – Barbara Parkins - Canadian actress
1943 – Tommy John - American baseball player
1943 – Betty Williams - Northern Irish political activist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
1943 – Gesine Schwan - German politician & science professor
1944 – Vaiko - Indian politician
1946 – Howard Kendall - English footballer & football manager
1946 – George Best - Northern Irish footballer (d. 2005)
1948 – Richard Baker - American politician
1950 – Alekos Alavanos - Greek politician
1950 – Bernie Taupin - English songwriter
1952 – Bernhard Brinkmann - German politician
1953 – Doris Barnett - German politician
1953 – Cha Bum-Kun - Korean footballer
1955 – Jimmy Lyon - American guitarist (Eddie Money)
1955 – Dale Winton - British radio DJ & television presenter
1955 – Jerry Dammers - English musician (The Specials)
1955 – Chalmers "Spanky" Alford - American jazz guitarist (d. 2008)
1955 – Iva Davies - Australian rock star (Icehouse)
1956 – Al Corley - American actor & producer
1956 – Natasha Shneider - Russian-born musician (d. 2008)
1957 – Lisa Murkowski - American politician
1957 – Gary Sweet - Australian actor
1958 – Denise Welch - English actress & presenter
1959 – Steven Morrissey - English singer
1960 – Hideaki Anno - Japanese director
1961 – Mike Breen - American sportscaster
1961 – Ann Cusack - American actress
1962 – Brian Pillman - American professional wrestler (d. 1997)
1964 – Ashley Renee - American fetish model
1965 – Fanis Christodoulou - Greek basketball player
1966 – Kenny Hickey - American guitarist (Type O Negative)
1966 – Jose Mesa - Dominican baseball player
1967 – Brooke Smith - American actress
1967 – John Vanderslice - American musician
1968 – Kevin Carolan - American actor & comedian
1968 – Graham Linehan - Irish television writer & director
1970 – Naomi Campbell - British model & actress
1970 – Pedro Diniz - Brazilian Formula One driver
1970 – Paddy Atkinson - English footballer & assistant manager
1971 – Manuel Ortiz - Mexican professional wrestler
1972 – Anna Belknap - American actress
1972 – Annabel Chong - Singapore actress
1972 – Alison Eastwood - American actress & model
1972 – Riley Dobi Noel - American convicted murderer (d. 2004)
1973 – Nikolaj Lie Kaas - Danish actor
1973 – Julián Tavárez - Dominican baseball player
1973 – Danny Tiatto - Australian footballer
1974 – John Bale - American baseball player
1974 – Sean Gunn - American actor
1974 – A. J. Langer - American actress
1975 – Janne Niinimaa - Finnish ice-hockey player
1975 – Tracy Brookshaw - American professional wrestler & valet
1975 – Salva Ballesta - Spanish footballer
1976 – Daniel Erlandsson - drummer of Swedish death metal band Arch Enemy
1977 – Alastair Ralphs - Canadian professional wrestler
1977 – Seán Óg Ó hAilpín - Irish hurler
1977 – Dre Bly - American football player
1977 – Vinnie Potestivo - American TV producer
1978 – Ginnifer Goodwin - American actress
1978 – Jordan - British model & reality TV personality
1979 – Nadia Khan - Pakistani TV presenter
1979 – Maggie Q - American actress
1980 – Steven Baker - Australian Australian rules footballer
1980 – Rhett Fisher - American actor & musician
1980 – Chad Tracy - American baseball player
1980 – Lucy Gordon - British model & actress (d. 2009)
1981 – Bryan Danielson - American professional wrestler
1981 – Melissa Gregory - American figure skater
1981 – Jürgen Melzer - Austrian tennis player
1982 – Apolo Anton Ohno - American short track speed skater
1982 – Alex Smith - American football player
1983 – John Hopkins - American motorcycling racer
1984 – Joe Lauzon - American martial artist
1985 – Tranquillo Barnetta - Swiss footballer
1985 – CariDee English - American model
1985 – Graham Harrell - American football player
1985 – Marc-Antoine Pouliot - Canadian ice hockey player
1987 – Novak Djokovic - Serbian tennis player
1988 – Gregory Fanourgakis - Greek biologist

May 21 - Summary

May 21st Summary:

May 21 - Events

May 21st Details:
May 21st Events:
878 – Syracuse inItaly is captured by the Muslim sultan of Sicily.
879 – Pope John VIII gives blessings to both duke Branimir & to Croatian people - signalling an international recognition of the Croatian state.
996 – Otto III, at the age of 16 years, is crowned Holy Roman Emperor.
1502 – Portuguese explorer João da Nova discovers the island of Saint Helena.
1554 – Derby School in Derby, England, is granted a royal Charter.
1674 – John Sobieski is elected by the nobility, King of Poland & Grand Duke of Lithuania.
1725 – The Order of St. Alexander Nevsky is instituted in Russia by Empress Catherine I.
1809 – Battle of Aspern-Essling (1st day) between the Austrian army led by Archduke Charles & the French army led by Napoleon I of France.
1851 – Colombia, South America abolishes slavery.
1856 – Lawrence, Kansas is captured & burned by pro-slavery forces.
1863 – Siege of Port Hudson – Union forces siege the Confederate-controlled Port Hudson, Louisiana (American Civil War).
1864 – Russia declares the end of the Russian-Circassian War, leading to many Circassians being forced into exile - now known as the Circassian Day of Mourning.
1871 – French troops invade the Paris Commune & engage its residents in street fighting
1871 – The Rigi-Bahnen on Mount Rigi becomes the first rack railway in Europe.
1879 – Battle of Iquique - 2 Chilean ships block the harbor of Iquique (belonging to Peru) inducing battle with 2 Peruvian vessels (War of the Pacific).
1881 – American Red Cross is established by Clara Barton.
1894 – The Manchester Ship Canal in England is officially opened by Queen Victoria.
1904 – Founding of Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) in Paris.
1917 – The Commonwealth War Graves Commission is established through Royal Charter.
1917 – Great Atlanta fire of 1917.
1927 – Charles Lindbergh touches down at Le Bourget Field in Paris - completing the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
1932 – Amelia Earhart lands in a pasture in Derry, Northern Ireland, becoming the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean.
1934 – Oskaloosa, Iowa - first municipality in the U.S. to fingerprint all of its citizens.
1936 – Sada Abe is arrested after wandering the streets of Tokyo for days with her dead lover's severed genitals in her hand.
1939 – Canadian National War Memorial is unveiled by King George VI & Queen Elizabeth in Ottawa.
1946 – Physicist Louis Slotin is fatally irradiated in a criticality incident during an experiment with the Demon core at Los Alamos National Laboratory.
1951 – The opening of the 9th Street Art Exhibition (New York).
1961 – Alabama Governor John Malcolm Patterson declares martial law after race riots break out (American civil rights movement).
1966 – Ulster Volunteer Force declares war on the Irish Republican Army in Northern Ireland.
1969 – Civil unrest in Rosario, Argentina, known as Rosariazo - it follows the death of a 15-year-old student.
1972 – Michelangelo's Pietà in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome is damaged by a vandal.
1979 – White Night riots in San Francisco following the manslaughter conviction of Dan White for the assassinations of George Moscone & Harvey Milk.
1981 – Raymond McCreesh & Patsy O’Hara (Irish Republican hunger strikers) die on hunger strike in Maze prison.
1990 – Democratic Republic of Yemen & North Yemen agree to merge into the Republic of Yemen.
1991 – Rajiv Gandhi, former Indian prime minister, is assassinated by a female suicide bomber near Madras.
1991 – Mengistu Haile Mariam, president of the People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, flees Ethiopia.
1994 – Democratic Republic of Yemen unsuccessful attempts to secede from Republic of Yemen - leading to war.
1996 – The MV Bukoba sinks in Tanzanian waters on Lake Victoria.
1996 – Trappist Martyrs of Atlas are executed.
1998 – Five abortion clinics in Miami, Florida, are hit by a butyric acid attacker.
2001 – French Taubira law officially recognizes the Atlantic slave trade & slavery as crimes against humanity.
2003 – Earthquake hits northern Algeria.
2006 – Referendum in the Republic of Montenegro chooses independence with a majority of 55%.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 21 - Deaths

May 21st Details:
May 21st Deaths:
987 – King Louis V of France (b. 967)
1254 – King Conrad IV of Germany (b. 1228)
1481 – King Christian I of Denmark - Norway, & Sweden (b. 1426)
1512 – Pandolfo Petrucci - ruler of Siena (b. 1452)
1524 – Thomas Howard - 2nd Duke of Norfolk, English soldier (b. 1443)
1542 – Hernando de Soto - Spanish explorer (b. 1496 or 1497)
1607 – John Rainolds - English scholar (b. 1549)
1639 – Tommaso Campanella - Italian theologian (b. 1568)
1647 – Pieter Corneliszoon Hooft - Dutch poet (b. 1581)
1650 – James Graham - 1st Marquess of Montrose, Scottish royalist (b. 1612)
1664 – Elizabeth Poole - English-born Puritan settler & founder of Taunton, Massachusetts (b. 1588)
1670 – Niccolo Zucchi - Italian astronomer (b. 1586)
1686 – (N. S.) Otto von Guericke - German scientist (b. 1602)
1690 – John Eliot - English Puritan missionary (b. 1604)
1719 – Pierre Poiret - French mystic (b. 1646)
1724 – Robert Harley - 1st Earl of Oxford & Mortimer, English statesman (b. 1661)
1742 – Lars Roberg - Swedish physician (b. 1664)
1771 – Christopher Smart - English poet (b. 1722)
1786 – Carl Wilhelm Scheele - Swedish chemist (b. 1742)
1790 – Thomas Warton - English poet (b. 1728)
1844 – Giuseppe Baini - Italian composer (b. 1775)
1862 – John Drew - Irish-born American actor (b. 1827)
1879 – Arturo Prat - Chilean naval officer (b. 1848)
1894 – Emile Henry - French anarchist (b. 1872)
1894 – August Kundt - German physicist (b. 1839)
1895 – Franz von Suppé - Austrian composer (b. 1819)
1911 – Williamina Fleming - Scottish-born astronomer (b. 1857)
1915 – Leonid Gobyato - Russian general (b. 1875)
1919 – Yevgraf Fyodorov - Russian mathematician (b. 1853)
1920 – Venustiano Carranza - 54th President of Mexico (b. 1859)
1929 – Archibald Primrose - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1847)
1935 – Jane Addams - American social worker, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1860)
1949 – Klaus Mann - German writer (b. 1906)
1952 – John Garfield - American actor (b. 1913)
1956 – Harry Bensley - English rake & adventurer (b. 1877)
1957 – Alexander Vertinsky - Russian poet, singer, composer, cabaret artist & actor (b. 1889)
1964 – James Franck - German-born physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1882)
1965 – Geoffrey de Havilland - British aircraft designer (b. 1882)
1970 – E. L. Grant Watson - English biologist & writer (b. 1885)
1973 – Vaughn Monroe - American baritone singer, trumpeter & big band leader (b. 1911)
1981 – Patsy O'Hara - Irish hunger striker (b. 1957)
1981 – Raymond McCreesh - Irish hunger striker (b. 1957)
1983 – Kenneth Clark - English art historian (b. 1903)
1984 – Ann Little - American actress (b. 1891)
1988 – Sammy Davis, Sr. - American dancer (b. 1900)
1991 – Rajiv Gandhi - Prime Minister of India (b. 1944)
1995 – Les Aspin - American politician (b. 1938)
1996 – Paul Delph - American singer, songwriter & producer (b. 1957)
1996 – Lash LaRue - American actor (b. 1917)
1999 – Karnail "Bugz" Pitts - American rapper (D12) (b. 1979)
2000 – Barbara Cartland - English author (b. 1901)
2000 – Sir John Gielgud - British actor (b. 1904)
2000 – Mark R. Hughes - American entrepreneur (b. 1956)
2002 – Niki de Saint Phalle - French sculptor, painter & filmmaker (b. 1930)
2003 – Frank D. White - American politician (b. 1933)
2003 – Alejandro de Tomaso - Argentine-Italian racing driver & car manufacturer (b. 1928)
2005 – Howard Morris - American comic actor & director (b. 1919)
2006 – Spencer Clark - American racecar driver (b. 1987)
2006 – Katherine Dunham - American dancer (b. 1909)
2006 – Cherd Songsri - Thai film director (b. 1931)
2006 – Billy Walker - American singer (b. 1929)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 21 - Births

May 21st Details:
May 21st Births:
1471 – Albrecht Dürer - German painter (d. 1528)
1527 – King Philip II of Spain (d. 1598)
1653 – Eleonora Maria Josefa of Austria - queen consort of Poland & Lithuania (d. 1697)
1664 – Giulio Alberoni - Italian cardinal (d. 1754)
1688 – Alexander Pope - English poet (d. 1744)
1755 – Alfred Moore - American judge (d. 1810)
1763 – Joseph Fouché - French statesman (d. 1820)
1775 – Lucien Bonaparte - French politician, soldier & academic (d. 1840)
1780 – Elizabeth Fry - British social reformer (d. 1845)
1792 – Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis - French scientist (d. 1843)
1827 – William P. Sprague - American politician from Ohio (d. 1899)
1832 – Elizabeth Storrs Mead - American educator (d. 1917)
1835 – František Chvostek - Moravian physician (d. 1884)
1843 – Charles Albert Gobat - Swiss politician (d. 1914)
1844 – Henri Rousseau - French artist (d. 1910)
1850 – Giuseppe Mercalli - Italian vulcanologist (d. 1914)
1851 – Léon Bourgeois - French statesman, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 1925)
1853 – Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac - French politician (d. 1905)
1856 – José Batlle y Ordóñez - President of Uruguay (d. 1929)
1860 – Willem Einthoven - Dutch physiologist & inventor of the first practical electrocardiogram, Nobel laureate (d. 1927)
1863 – Archduke Eugen of Austria - Austrian field marshal (d. 1954)
1864 – Princess Stephanie of Belgium (d. 1945)
1873 – Hans Berger - German neuroscientist (d. 1941)
1878 – Glenn Curtiss - American aviation pioneer (d. 1930)
1880 – Tudor Arghezi - Romanian writer (d. 1967)
1884 – Manuel Pérez y Curis - Uruguayan poet (d. 1920)
1885 – Sophie of Schönburg-Waldenburg - German wife of Prince William of Wied (d. 1936)
1898 – Armand Hammer - American physician (d. 1990)
1898 – Charles Léon Hammes - Luxembourgian lawyer & President of the European Court of Justice (d. 1967)
1901 – Manfred Aschner - German-born Israeli microbiologist & entomologist & Israel Prize recipient (d. 1989)
1901 – Horace Heidt - American band leader (d. 1986)
1901 – Sam Jaffe - American film producer (d. 2000)
1901 – Suzanne Lilar - Belgian essayist, novelist & playwright (d. 1992)
1902 – Earl Averill - American baseball player (d. 1983)
1902 – Marcel Lajos Breuer - Hungarian-born architect (d. 1981)
1903 – Manly Wade Wellman - American writer (d. 1986)
1904 – Robert Montgomery - American actor (d. 1981)
1904 – Fats Waller - American pianist (d. 1943)
1907 – John C. Allen - American roller coaster designer (d. 1979)
1909 – François-Albert Angers - Quebec economist (d. 2003)
1912 – John Curtis Gowan - American psychologist (d. 1986)
1912 – Monty Stratton - American baseball player (d. 1982)
1912 – Akiva Vroman - Dutch-born Israeli geologist & Israel Prize recipient (d. 1989)
1913 – Gina Bachauer - Greek pianist (d. 1976)
1916 – Tinus Osendarp - Dutch runner (d. 2002)
1916 – Harold Robbins - American novelist (d. 1997)
1917 – Raymond Burr - Canadian actor (d. 1993)
1918 – Dennis Day - American singer & comedian (d. 1988)
1920 – Anthony Steel - British actor (d. 2001)
1921 – Andrei Sakharov - Russian physicist (d. 1989)
1923 – Armand Borel - Swiss mathematician (d. 2003)
1923 – Ara Parseghian - American football coach
1924 – Peggy Cass - American actress (d. 1999)
1926 – Robert Creeley - American poet (d. 2005)
1928 – Tom Donahue - American disc jockey (freeform radio) (d. 1975)
1929 – Alice Drummond - American actress
1930 – Malcolm Fraser - Australian politician
1933 – Maurice André - French trumpeter
1933 – Yevgeni Minaev - Soviet (Russian) weightlifter (d. 1993)
1934 – Bengt I. Samuelsson - Swedish biochemist, Nobel laureate
1936 – Günter Blobel - German biologist, Nobel laureate
1939 – Heinz Holliger - Swiss oboist, composer & conductor
1941 – Martin Carthy - English folk singer & guitarist
1941 – Ronald Isley - American singer (The Isley Brothers)
1941 – Bobby Cox - American baseball manager & former player
1942 – Danny Ongais - American race car driver
1943 – Hilton Valentine - British guitarist (The Animals)
1944 – Mary Robinson - President of Ireland
1944 – Marcie Blane - American singer
1945 – Ernst Messerschmid - German astronaut
1947 – Bill Champlin - American singer
1947 – Jonathan Hyde - Australian-born actor
1948 – Leo Sayer - English singer & songwriter
1951 – Al Franken - American comedian & politician
1952 – Mr. T - American actor
1954 – Marc Ribot - American guitarist & composer
1955 – Paul Barber - British field hockey player
1955 – Stan Lynch - American drummer (Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers)
1956 – Sean Kelly - Irish cyclist
1957 – Bruce Buffer - American Mixed Martial Arts announcer
1957 – Nadine Dorries - British Conservative politician
1957 – Judge Reinhold - American actor
1957 – Renée Soutendijk - Dutch actress
1958 – Jefery Levy - American television director
1959 – Nick Cassavetes - American actor & director
1960 – Kent Hrbek - American baseball player
1960 – Mohanlal - Indian actor
1960 – Jeffrey Toobin - American writer & political analyst
1960 – Vladimir Salnikov - Russian swimmer
1963 – Richard Appel - American writer
1963 – Kevin Shields - American-born Irish vocalist & guitarist (My Bloody Valentine)
1964 – Danny Bailey - English footballer
1964 – Danny Lee Clark - American football player & American Gladiator ("Nitro")
1964 – Nancy Benoit - American professional wrestler ("Woman") (d. 2007)
1964 – Carolyn Lawrence - American actress
1966 – Lisa Edelstein - American actress
1967 – Chris Benoit - Canadian professional wrestler (d. 2007)
1968 – Julie Vega - Filipino child actress & singer (d. 1985)
1968 – Matthias Ungemach - German rower
1969 – Masayo Kurata - Japanese voice actress
1969 – Pierluigi Brivio - Italian footballer
1969 – Georgiy R. Gongadze - Ukrainian/Georgian journalist
1969 – George LeMieux - American politician & junior senator from Florida
1970 – Dorsey Levens - American football player
1970 – Carl Veart - Australian footballer
1972 – Adriano Cintra - Brazilian musician (CSS)
1972 – The Notorious B.I.G. - American rapper (d. 1997)
1972 – Alesha Oreskovich - American model
1973 – Noel Fielding - British comedian
1974 – Fairuza Balk - American actress
1974 – Havoc - American rapper (Mobb Deep)
1975 – Lee Gaze - Welsh guitarist (Lostprophets)
1976 – Aditi Gowitrikar - Indian model, actress & physician
1976 – Deron Miller - American singer, guitarist & songwriter (CKY)
1976 – Kardinal Offishall - Canadian rapper
1977 – Quinton Fortune - South African footballer
1977 – Ricky Williams - American football player
1978 – Adam Gontier - Canadian singer (Three Days Grace)
1978 – Jamaal Magloire - Canadian basketball player
1979 – Damián Ariel Álvarez - Argentinian footballer
1979 – Gaspard Augé - French DJ
1979 – Jamie Hepburn - Scottish SNP politician
1979 – James Clancy Phelan - Australian novelist
1979 – Scott Smith - American mixed martial arts fighter
1980 – Chris Raab - American television personality
1981 – Josh Hamilton - American baseball player
1981 – Maximilian Mutzke - German singer & drummer
1981 – Edson Buddle - American footballer
1982 – Brian Klemm - American guitarist & vocalist (Suburban Legends)
1984 – Lorena Ayala - Dutch/Spanish model
1984 – Brandon Fields - American football player
1985 – Mutya Buena - English singer (Sugababes)
1985 – Marco Carta - Italian singer
1985 – Isa Guha - English cricketer & World Cup Winner
1985 – Kano - British rapper
1985 – Andrew Miller - American baseball player
1985 – Mark Cavendish - Manx cyclist
1986 – Mario Mandžukić - Croatian footballer
1986 – Myra - American singer
1986 – Alexander Noyes - American drummer (Honor Society)
1988 – Jonathan Howson - English footballer
1991 – Sarah Ramos - American actress
1992 – Hutch Dano - American actor
1992 – Olivia Olson - American singer & actress
1994 – Tom Daley - English diver

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.