Thursday, 20 May 2010

May 20 - Summary

May 20th Summary:

May 20 - Events

May 20th Details:
May 20th Events:
325 – The First Council of Nicea – historically the 1st Ecumenical Council of the Catholic Church.
526 – Earthquake in Syria & Antiochia - kills about 300,000 people.
685 – Battle of Dunnichen or Nechtansmere - between a Pictish army under King Bridei III & King Ecgfrith's invading Northumbrians.
1217 – Second Battle of Lincoln (near Lincoln, England) - defeat of Prince Louis of France by William Marshal (1st Earl of Pembroke).
1293 – The Study of General Schools of Alcalá is created by King Sancho IV of Castile.
1497 – John Cabot sets sail on his ship the Matthew, from Bristol (in England) looking for a route to the west.
1498 – Vasco da Gama, a Portuguese explorer, arrives at Kozhikode (previously Calicut), India.
1521 – Battle of Pampeluna - in the fighting, Ignatius Loyola is seriously wounded.
1570 – Abraham Ortelius, the Cartographer, produces the first modern atlas.
1609 – Shakespeare's sonnets are first published in London, by the publisher Thomas Thorpe.
1631 – Magdeburg in Germany is seized by forces of the Holy Roman Empire during the Thirty Years' War - with most of the residents massacred.
1802 – Law of 20 May 1802 - reinstatement of slavery by Napoleon Bonaparte in the French colonies. This Law revokes the previous abolition of slavery in the French Revolution.
1813 – Napoleon Bonaparte leads his French troops to victory in in the Battle of Bautzen in Saxony, Germany, where he is fights against the combined armies of Russia & Prussia.
1835 – Otto is named the first modern King of Greece.
1840 – Fire badly damages York Minster.
1845 – HMS Erebus & HMS Terror under the command of John Franklin set out on an ill-fated expedition to find the Northwest Passage.
1861 – State of Kentucky proclaims its neutrality (American Civil War).
1862 – Homestead Act is signed into law by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln.
1864 – Battle of Ware Bottom Church (American Civil War).
1873 – The U.S. patent for blue jeans with copper rivets is granted to Levi Strauss & Jacob Davis.
1882 – Triple Alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary & Italy is formed.
1883 – Krakatoa volcano begins to erupt.
1891 – First public display of Thomas Edison's prototype kinetoscope.
1896 – Palais Garnier chandelier falls on the crowd killing one person & injuring many others.
1902 – Tomás Estrada Palma becomes the 1st president of Cuba following it's independence from the United States.
1916 – The Saturday Evening Post publishes its first cover.
1927 – Treaty of Jedda - United Kingdom recognizes the sovereignty of King Ibn Saud in the Kingdoms of Hejaz & Nejd (later becomes the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia).
1927 – Charles Lindbergh takes off from Roosevelt Field (Long Island, New York) on the world's first solo non-stop flight across the Atlantic Ocean.
1932 – Amelia Earhart leaving from Newfoundland begins the world's first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean by a female pilot.
1940 – First prisoners arrive at the new concentration camp at Auschwitz.
1941 – Battle of Crete – German paratroops invade Crete (World War II).
1949 – The U.S. Armed Forces Security Agency (predecessor to the National Security Agency) is established.
1949 – Martial law is declared by the Kuomintang regime in Taiwan.
1956 – Operation Redwing - the first United States airborne hydrogen bomb is dropped over Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.
1969 – Ending of the Battle of Hamburger Hill in Vietnam.
1980 – Quebec referendum rejects the proposal that the government to move towards independence from Canada.
1983 – Luc Montagnier & Robert Gallo independently publish the discovery of the HIV virus in the journal Science.
1985 – Radio Martí - from Voice of America service, begins broadcasting to Cuba.
1989 – Martial law is declared by the Chinese authorities in light of the pro-democracy demonstrations - eventually becomes the pretext for the Tiananmen Square massacre.
1990 – Romania's first post-Communist presidential & parliamentary elections are held.
2002 – Independence of East Timor is recognized by Portugal - this formally ending Indonesian rule.


Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 20 - Deaths

May 20th Details:
May 20th Deaths:
685 – King Ecgfrith of Northumbria (b. 645)
1277 – Pope John XXI (b. 1215)
1285 – John II of Jerusalem - King of Cyprus (b. 1259)
1444 – Saint Bernardino of Siena - Italian Franciscan missionary (b. 1380)
1503 – Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici - Italian banker, politician & patron of the arts (b. 1463)
1506 – Christopher Columbus - Italian explorer (b. 1451)
1550 – Ashikaga Yoshiharu - Japanese shogun (b. 1510)
1622 – Osman II - Ottoman Sultan (b. 1604)
1648 – King Wladislaus IV of Poland (b. 1595)
1677 – George Digby - 2nd Earl of Bristol, British statesman (b. 1612)
1713 – Thomas Sprat - English writer (b. 1635)
1717 – John Trevor - British statesman (b. 1637)
1722 – Sébastien Vaillant - French botanist (b. 1669)
1732 – Thomas Boston - Scottish church leader (b. 1676)
1782 – William Emerson - British mathematician (b. 1701)
1793 – Charles Bonnet - Swiss naturalist (b. 1720)
1812 – Count Hieronymus von Colloredo - Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg (b. 1732)
1825 – Papaflessas - Greek priest & government official (b. 1788)
1834 – Gilbert du Motier - French statesman (b. 1757)
1841 – Joseph Blanco White - British theologian (b. 1775)
1873 – Sir George-Étienne Cartier - French-Canadian statesman (b. 1814)
1880 – Ana Néri - Brazilian nurse (b. 1814)
1896 – Clara Schumann - German pianist & composer (b. 1819)
1909 – Ernest Hogan - American comedian & musician, one of the creators of ragtime (b. 1859)
1917 – Philipp von Ferrary - Italian philatelist (b. 1850)
1917 – Valentine Fleming - Scottish politician (b. 1887)
1940 – Verner von Heidenstam - Swedish writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1859)
1946 – Jacob Ellehammer - Danish inventor (b. 1871)
1947 – Philipp Lenard - Austrian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1862)
1947 – Georgios Siantos - General Secretary of the Communist Party of Greece (b. 1890)
1949 – Randolph West - American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1890)
1956 – Max Beerbohm - English theatre critic (b. 1872)
1961 – Josef "Pips" Priller - German flying ace (b. 1915)
1971 – Waldo Williams - Welsh poet (b. 1904)
1973 – Jarno Saarinen - Finnish motorcycle racer (b. 1945)
1975 – Barbara Hepworth - British sculptor (b. 1903)
1976 – Syd Howe - Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1911)
1976 – Zelmar Michelini - Uruguayan Christian-Democrat Party politician (b. 1924)
1976 – Héctor Gutiérrez Ruiz - Uruguayan National Party politician (b. 1934)
1989 – John Hicks - English economist, Nobel laureate (b. 1904)
1989 – Gilda Radner - American comedian & actress (b. 1946)
1992 – Roger Keith Coleman - American convict (b. 1958)
1996 – Jon Pertwee - British actor (b. 1919)
2000 – Jean Pierre Rampal - French flutist (b. 1922)
2000 – Malik Sealy - American basketball player (b. 1970)
2001 – Renato Carosone - Italian musician (b. 1920)
2002 – Stephen Jay Gould - American paleontologist (b. 1941)
2005 – Paul Ricoeur - French philosopher (b. 1913)
2005 – William Seawell - U.S. Army Brigadier General (b. 1918)
2007 – Norman Von Nida - Australian golfer (b. 1914)
2008 – Hamilton Jordan - American White House Chief of Staff under President Carter (b. 1944)
2009 – Arthur Erickson - Canadian architect (b.1924)
2009 – Lucy Gordon - British model & actress (b. 1980)


Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 20 - Births

May 20th Details:
May 20th Births:
1315 – Bonne of Luxembourg - wife of John II of France (d. 1349)
1470 – Pietro Bembo - Italian cardinal (d. 1547)
1554 – Paolo Bellasio - Italian composer (d. 1594)
1593 – Salomo Glassius - German theologian (d. 1656)
1660 – Andreas Schlüter - German sculptor (d. 1714)
1663 – William Bradford - British-born printer (d. 1752)
1706 – Seth Pomeroy - American gunsmith & soldier (d. 1777)
1726 – Francis Cotes - English painter (d. 1770)
1737 – William Petty Fitzmaurice - British statesman (d. 1805)
1759 – William Thornton - West Indian-born architect (d. 1828)
1768 – Dolley Madison - First Lady of the United States (d. 1849)
1769 – Andreas Vokos Miaoulis - Greek admiral & politician (d. 1835)
1772 – Sir William Congreve - English inventor (d. 1828)
1776 – Simon Fraser - Canadian explorer (d.1862)
1799 – Honoré de Balzac - French novelist (d. 1850)
1806 – John Stuart Mill - English philosopher (d. 1873)
1818 – William Fargo - American pioneer expressman, co-founder of Wells, Fargo & Co. (d. 1881)
1822 – Frédéric Passy - French economist, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (d. 1912)
1830 – Hector Malot - French writer (d. 1907)
1838 – Jules Méline - French statesman (d. 1925)
1851 – Emil Berliner - German-born recording pioneer (d. 1929)
1860 – Eduard Buchner - German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
1882 – Sigrid Undset - Norwegian author, Nobel laureate (d. 1949)
1883 – King Faisal I of Iraq (d. 1933)
1886 – Ali Sami Yen - Turkish founder of Galatasaray Sports Club (d. 1951)
1894 – Chandrashekarendra Saraswati - Indian Hindu sage, Jivanmukta (d. 1994)
1895 – R. J. Mitchell - British aircraft designer (d. 1937)
1897 – Diego Abad de Santillán - Spanish anarchist (d. 1983)
1899 – Alexander Deyneka - Ukrainian painter (d. 1969)
1899 – John Marshall Harlan II - Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1971)
1901 – Max Euwe - Dutch chess player (d. 1981)
1906 – Giuseppe Siri - Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1989)
1908 – James Stewart - American actor (d. 1997)
1911 – Gardner Fox - American writer (d. 1986)
1913 – William Hewlett - American engineer (d. 2001)
1914 – Corneliu Coposu - Romanian politician (d. 1995)
1914 – Hideko Maehata - Japanese swimmer (d. 1995)
1915 – Moshe Dayan - Israeli general (d. 1981)
1915 – Peter Copley - British actor (d. 2008)
1916 – Trebisonda Valla - Italian athlete (d. 2006)
1916 – Alexei Petrovich Maresiev - Russian flying ace (d. 2001)
1917 – Guy Favreau - French Canadian lawyer (d. 1967)
1917 – Bergur Sigurbjörnsson - Icelandic politician (d. 2005)
1918 – Edward B. Lewis - American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 2004)
1919 – Gerhard Barkhorn - German fighter pilot (d. 1983)
1919 – George Gobel - American comedian (d. 1991)
1920 – John Cruickshank - Scottish airman, Victoria Cross recipient
1920 – Betty Driver MBE - English singer & actress
1921 – Wolfgang Borchert - German writer (d. 1947)
1921 – Hal Newhouser - American baseball player (d. 1998)
1924 – Zelmar Michelini - Uruguayan reporter & politician (d. 1976)
1925 – Chester Ludgin - American baritone (d. 2003)
1926 – Bob Sweikert - American race car driver (d. 1956)
1926 – John Lucarotti - English-born Canadian TV writer (d. 1994)
1927 – Bud Grant - American football coach
1927 – Franciszek Macharski - Polish Catholic cardinal
1927 – David Hedison - American actor
1929 – Ahmed Hamdi - Egyptian soldier, who fought in Yom Kippur(d. 1973)
1930 – Sam Etcheverry - American football player & coach (d. 2009)
1931 – Ken Boyer - American baseball player (d. 1982)
1931 – Paul Evans - American furniture designer & sculptor (d. 1987)
1932 – Bob Florence - American jazz pianist, composer, arranger (d. 2008)
1935 – José Mujica - President of Uruguay
1936 – Anthony Zerbe - American actor
1938 – Marinella - Greek singer & actress
1940 – Stan Mikita - Slovak-born ice hockey player
1940 – Sadaharu Oh - Japanese baseball player
1940 – Shorty Long - American musician (d. 1969)
1941 – Goh Chok Tong - Singaporean Senior Minister
1941 – John Strasberg - American actor
1941 – Manuel Isaias Lopez - Mexican child psychiatrist
1942 – Carlos Hathcock - American Marine Corps sniper (d. 1999)
1942 – Jill Jackson - American singer (Paul & Paula)
1943 – Al Bano - Italian singer
1944 – Joe Cocker - British singer
1944 – Boudewijn de Groot - Dutch singer
1944 – Dietrich Mateschitz - Austrian businessman
1945 – Vladimiro Montesinos - Peruvian politician
1946 – Cher - American singer
1947 – Greg Dyke - British broadcast executive
1947 – John Corapi - American Catholic prelate
1949 – Dave Thomas - Canadian comedian & actor
1950 – Yvon Lambert - French Canadian ice hockey player
1950 – Reinaldo Merlo - Argentine footballer
1951 – Mike Crapo - American politician
1952 – Roger Milla - Cameroonian footballer
1953 – Robert Doyle - Australian politician
1954 – Guy Hoffman - American musician (Violent Femmes)
1954 – David Paterson - American politician
1954 – Cindy McCain - American businesswoman, wife of John McCain
1954 – Robert Van de Walle - Belgian judoka
1955 – Zbigniew Preisner - Polish film composer
1956 – Ingvar Ambjørnsen - Norwegian author
1956 – Dean Butler - American actor
1956 – William Michaelian - American novelist & poet
1958 – Ron Reagan - American talk show host
1958 – Jane Wiedlin - American singer (The Go-Go's)
1959 – Israel Kamakawiwo'ole - Hawaiian singer (d. 1997)
1959 – Bronson Pinchot - American actor
1960 – John Billingsley - American actor
1960 – Tony Goldwyn - American actor
1961 – Clive Allen - English footballer
1962 – Mike Jeffries - American soccer coach
1963 – David Wells - American baseball player
1965 – Ted Allen - American television host
1966 – Mindy Cohn - American actress
1966 – Dan Abrams - American TV reporter
1967 – Gabriele Muccino - Italian film director
1967 – Ramzi Yousef - Kuwaiti-born Pakistani terrorist
1967 – Pavlos - Crown Prince of Greece
1967 – Blake Schwarzenbach - American singer & guitarist (Jawbreaker)
1968 – Timothy Olyphant - American actor
1968 – Waisale Serevi - Fijian rugby union & rugby sevens footballer
1969 – Brian Gerard James ("Road Dogg" Jesse James) - American professional wrestler
1970 – Louis Theroux - British television presenter
1970 – Terrell Brandon - American basketball player
1971 – Šárka Kašpárková - Czech athlete
1971 – Tony Stewart - American race car driver
1972 – Tina Hobley - British television actress
1972 – Busta Rhymes - American rapper & actor
1973 – Elsa Lunghini - French singer & actress
1975 – Isaac Gálvez - Spanish cyclist (d. 2006)
1975 – Tahmoh Penikett - Canadian actor
1975 – Mark Zupan - American wheelchair rugby player & actor
1975 – Andrew Sega - American musician
1976 – Ramón Hernández - Venezuelan baseball player
1976 – Tomoya Satozaki - Japanese baseball player
1977 – Matt Czuchry - American actor
1977 – Chad Muska - American professional skateboarder
1977 – Leonardo Noeren Franco - Argentine footballer
1977 – Miriam Parrish - American television actress
1977 – Angela Goethals - American actress
1977 – Vesa Toskala - Finnish ice hockey player
1977 – Tiger Tyson - American pornographic actor
1978 – Hristos Banikas - Greek chess player
1979 – Jayson Werth - American baseball player
1980 – Austin Kearns - American baseball player
1981 – Iker Casillas - Spanish footballer
1981 – Lindsay Taylor - American basketball player
1981 – Mark Winterbottom - Australian racing driver
1982 – Petr Čech - Czech footballer
1982 – Imran Farhat - Pakistani cricketer
1983 – N. T. Rama Rao Jr. - Indian film actor
1983 – Roger Huerta - American mixed martial artist
1984 – Kenny Vasoli - American singer & bassist (The Starting Line)
1984 – Patrick Ewing, Jr. - American basketball player
1984 – Naturi Naughton - singer (3LW) & actress
1986 – Dexter Blackstock - English footballer
1988 – Carla Humphries - Filipino actress
1991 – Mara Lopez - Filipino actress
1993 – Caroline Zhang - American figure skater


Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.