Wednesday, 19 May 2010

May 19 - Summary

May 19th Summary:

May 19 - Events

May 19th Details:
May 19th Events:
1499 – Catherine of Aragon (age 13-years), is married by proxy to Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales (age 12-years).
1535 – Jacques Cartier, the French explorer sails on his 2nd voyage to North America.
1536 – The second wife of Henry VIII of England, Anne Boleyn, is beheaded for adultery, treason, & incest.
1568 – Queen Elizabeth I of England orders the arrest of Mary, Queen of Scots.
1643 – Thirty Years' War - French forces under the command of duc d'Enghien decisively defeat Spanish forces at the Battle of Rocroi.
1649 – England is declared a Commonwealth, an Act of Parliament.
1749 – The Ohio Company is granted a charter of land around the forks of the Ohio River by King George II of Great Britain.
1780 – New England's Dark Day - caused by a combination of thick smoke & heavy cloud cover.
1802 – The Légion d'Honneur is founded by Napoleon Bonaparte.
1828 – U.S. President John Quincy Adams signs the Tariff of 1828 into law.
1848 – Mexican-American War - Mexico ratifies the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo thus ending the war.
1864 – Battle of Spotsylvania Court House ends (American Civil War).
1897 – Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol.
1919 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk lands at Samsun on the Anatolian Black Sea coast, beginning the Turkish War of Independence.
1921 – The U.S. Congress passes the Emergency Quota Act - national quotas on immigration.
1922 – Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union is established.
1943 – Winston Churchill & U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt set Monday, May 1, 1944 as the date for the Normandy landings ("D-Day") (World War II).
1961 – Venera 1 becomes the first man-made object to fly-by another planet following the passing of Venus (Venera program).
1962 – U.S. President John F. Kennedy's birthday salute takes place at Madison Square Garden, New York City; includes Marilyn Monroe's singing Happy Birthday.
1971 – Mars 2 is launched by the Soviet Union (Mars probe program).
1991 – Croatians vote for independence in a referendum.
2009 – Sri Lanka announces victory in its war against the terrorist organization, Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam.


Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 19 - Deaths

May 19th Details:
May 19th Deaths:
804 – Alcuin - English monk & scholar (b. c.735)
988 – Dunstan - Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 909)
1102 – Stephen II - Count of Blois (b. c.1045)
1125 – Vladimir Monomakh - Russian prince (b. 1053)
1296 – Pope Celestine V (b. 1215)
1319 – Louis d'Évreux - son of Philip III of France (b. 1276)
1389 – Dmitri Donskoi - Grand Prince of Muscovy (b. 1350)
1526 – Emperor Go-Kashiwabara of Japan (b. 1464)
1531 – Jan Łaski - Polish statesman & diplomat (b. 1456)
1536 – Anne Boleyn - second wife of Henry VIII of England (executed) (b. 1501 or 1507)
1601 – Costanzo Porta - Italian composer (b. 1528 or 1529)
1610 – Thomas Sanchez - Spanish theologian (b. 1550)
1637 – Isaac Beeckman - Dutch scientist & philosopher (b. 1588)
1715 – Charles Montagu - English poet & politician, Chancellor of the Exchequer (b. 1661)
1786 – John Stanley - English composer (b. 1712)
1795 – Josiah Bartlett - American signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1729)
1795 – James Boswell - Scottish biographer (b. 1740)
1798 – William Byron - 5th Baron Byron, English nobleman, Freemason & duelist (b. 1722)
1821 – Camille Jordan - French politician (b. 1771)
1825 – Claude Henri de Rouvroy - Comte de Saint-Simon, French political philosopher (b. 1760)
1864 – Nathaniel Hawthorne - American author (b. 1804)
1865 – Sengge Rinchen - Mongol Qing Dynasty field Marshal (b. 1811)
1876 – Guillaume Groen van Prinsterer - Dutch politician (b. 1801)
1885 – Peter W. Barlow - English engineer (b. 1809)
1895 – José Martí - Cuban independence leader (b. 1853)
1898 – William Ewart Gladstone - Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1809)
1904 – Auguste Molinier - French historian (b. 1851)
1907 – Benjamin Baker - English engineer (b. 1840)
1912 – Bolesław Prus - Polish writer (b. 1847)
1915 – John Simpson Kirkpatrick - stretcher bearer with the Australian & New Zealand Army Corps at Gallipoli during World War I (b. 1892)
1918 – Raoul Lufbery - French-American World War I fighter pilot & flying ace (b. 1885)
1935 – T. E. Lawrence - English soldier, known as Lawrence of Arabia (b. 1888)
1940 – Diego Mazquiarán - Spanish matador (b. 1895)
1943 – Kristjan Raud - Estonian painter (b. 1865)
1945 – Philipp Bouhler - German Nazi leader (b. 1889)
1946 – Booth Tarkington - American novelist (b. 1869)
1954 – Charles Ives - American composer (b. 1874)
1958 – Archie Scott-Brown - English race car driver (b. 1927)
1958 – Ronald Colman - English actor (b. 1891)
1963 – Walter Russell - American polymath (b. 1871)
1965 – Tu'i Malila - the world's oldest tortoise (b. circa 1777)
1969 – Coleman Hawkins - American jazz saxophonist (b. 1901)
1971 – Ogden Nash - American poet (b. 1902)
1975 – Li Tobler - Swiss actress (suicide) (b. 1948)
1983 – Jean Rey - President of the European Commission (b. 1902)
1984 – John Betjeman - English poet & Poet Laureate (b. 1906)
1986 – Jimmy Lyons - American musician (b. 1931)
1987 – James Tiptree, Jr - American author (b. 1915)
1989 – CLR James - West Indian writer & journalist (b. 1901)
1994 – Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis - First Lady of the United States (b. 1929)
1994 – Luis Ocaña - Spanish cyclist (b. 1945)
1998 – Sōsuke Uno - Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1922)
1999 – James Blades - English percussionist (b. 1901)
1999 – Candy Candido - American actor (b. 1913)
2000 – Yevgeny Khrunov - Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1933)
2001 – Susannah McCorkle - American singer (b. 1946)
2002 – John Gorton - 19th Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1911)
2002 – Walter Lord - American writer (b. 1917)
2003 – Camoflauge - American rapper (b. 1981)
2004 – Mary Dresselhuys - Dutch actress (b. 1907)
2005 – Henry Corden - American actor & voice artist (b. 1921)
2006 – Freddie Garrity - English vocalist (Freddie & the Dreamers) (b. 1940)
2007 – Dean Eyre - New Zealand politician (b. 1914)
2008 – Vijay Tendulkar - Indian playwright (b. 1928)
2009 – Velupillai Prabhakaran - Sri Lankan founder & leader of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (b. 1954)
2009 – Robert F. Furchgott - American chemist, Nobel Laureate (b. 1916)
2009 – Herbert York - American physicist (b. 1921)
2009 – Nicholas Maw - British composer (b. 1935)


Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 19 - Births

May 19th Details:
May 19th Births:
1593 – Jacob Jordaens - Flemish painter (d. 1678)
1700 – José de Escandón - Spanish colonial governor (d. 1770)
1724 – Augustus Hervey - 3rd Earl of Bristol, British admiral & politician (d. 1779)
1744 – Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz - German-born wife of King George III of the United Kingdom (d. 1818)
1762 – Johann Gottlieb Fichte - German philosopher (d. 1814)
1773 – Arthur Aikin - English mineralogist (d. 1854)
1795 – Johns Hopkins - American philanthropist (d. 1873)
1797 – Maria Isabel of Portugal - Queen of Spain (d. 1818)
1827 – Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour - French statesman (d. 1896)
1861 – Dame Nellie Melba - Australian opera singer (d. 1931)
1870 – Albert Fish - American serial killer (d. 1936)
1871 – Walter Russell - American polymath (d. 1963)
1874 – Gilbert Laird Jessop - English cricketer (d. 1955)
1879 – Nancy Astor - Viscountess Astor, American-born British politician, the first woman to sit as an MP in the House of Commons (d. 1964)
1880 – Sir Albert Richardson - English architect (d. 1964)
1881 – Mustafa Kemal Atatürk - 1st President of Turkey (d. 1938)
1882 – Mohammed Mosaddeq - Prime Minister of Iran (d. 1967)
1890 – Hồ Chí Minh - Vietnamese leader (d. 1969)
1891 – Oswald Boelcke - German World War I pilot (d. 1916)
1897 – Frank Luke - American World War I pilot (d. 1918)
1898 – Julius Evola - Italian far-right philosopher & esotericist (d. 1974)
1906 – Bruce Bennett - American athlete & actor (d. 2007)
1908 – Percy Williams - Canadian athlete (d. 1982)
1908 – Merriam Modell - American author (d. 1994)
1909 – Sir Nicholas Winton - British wartime humanitarian
1910 – Alan Melville - South African cricketer, Wisden COY 1948 (d. 1983)
1910 – Nathuram Godse - Indian assassin of Mahatma Gandhi (d. 1949)
1914 – Max Perutz - Austrian-born British molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
1914 – Go Seigen - Japanese Go player
1914 – Alex Shibicky - Canadian ice hockey player (d. 2005)
1918 – Abraham Pais - Dutch-born American physicist (d. 2000)
1919 – Mitja Ribičič - Slovenian Communist politician, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia
1921 – Yuri Kochiyama - American civil rights activist
1921 – Karel van het Reve - Dutch writer (d. 1999)
1921 – Daniel Gélin - French actor (d. 2002)
1922 – Joe Gilmore - Irish barman & cocktail creator, the longest running Head Barman at The Savoy Hotel's American Bar.
1924 – Sandy Wilson - British composer
1925 – Malcolm X - American civil rights activist (d. 1965)
1925 – Pol Pot - Cambodian dictator (d. 1998)
1925 – Guy Provost - French Canadian actor (d. 2004)
1926 – Swami Kriyananda - Indian teacher & author
1926 – Peter Zadek - German theatre director (d. 2009)
1928 – Colin Chapman - British car designer, founder of Lotus Cars (d. 1982)
1928 – Dolph Schayes - American basketball player & coach
1929 – John Stroger - American politician (d. 2008)
1930 – Lorraine Hansberry - American playwright (d. 1965)
1931 – Eric Tappy - Swiss tenor
1931 – Bob Anderson - British racing driver (d. 1967)
1932 – Alma Cogan - English singer (d. 1966)
1932 – Paul Erdman - American economist & author (d. 2007)
1932 – Claude Blanchard - French Canadian comedian & actor (d. 2006)
1934 – Jim Lehrer - American television journalist
1934 – Ruskin Bond - Indian author
1934 – Bill Fitch - American basketball head coach
1935 – David Hartman - American actor & television personality
1937 – Pat Roach - English actor & wrestler (d. 2004)
1938 – Madge Hindle - English actress
1938 – Moisés da Costa Amaral - East Timorese leader (d. 1989)
1939 – Livio Berruti - Italian athlete
1939 – James Fox - English actor
1939 – Nancy Kwan - Hong Kong actress
1939 – Dick Scobee - American astronaut (d. 1986)
1940 – Mickey Newbury - American musician (d. 2002)
1940 – Jan Janssen - Dutch cyclist
1941 – Bobby Burgess - American dancer, singer & one of Walt Disney's original "Mouseketeers"
1941 – Nora Ephron - American screenwriter
1942 – Gary Kildall - American computer programmer (d. 1994)
1942 – Robert Kilroy-Silk - British politician & television presenter
1944 – Peter Mayhew - British-American actor
1945 – Pete Townshend - English guitarist (The Who)
1946 – André the Giant - French professional wrestler (d. 1993)
1946 – Claude Lelièvre - Belgian commissioner for children's rights
1947 – Michele Placido - Italian actor & director
1947 – Paul Brady - Northern Ireland singer/songwriter
1947 – David Helfgott - Australian pianist
1948 – Grace Jones - Jamaican singer & actress
1949 – Dusty Hill - American singer & bassist (ZZ Top)
1949 – Archie Manning - American football player
1951 – Joey Ramone - American vocalist & songwriter (The Ramones) (d. 2001)
1951 – Dick Slater - American professional wrestler
1952 – Bert van Marwijk - Dutch footballer & coach
1953 – Shavarsh Karapetyan - Armenian finswimmer
1953 – Dawud M. Mu'Min - American convicted murderer (d. 1997)
1953 – Victoria Wood - English comedian & actress
1954 – Phil Rudd - Australian drummer (AC/DC)
1955 – James Gosling - Canadian computer programmer
1956 – Steven Ford - American actor
1957 – Bill Laimbeer - American basketball player & coach
1959 – Nicole Brown Simpson - American murder victim. (d. 1994)
1961 – Gregory Poirier - American screenwriter & director
1963 – Filippo Galli - Italian footballer
1963 – Yazz - English singer
1964 – Miloslav Mečíř - Slovakian tennis player
1964 – Sean Whalen - American actor
1965 – Boris - French singer
1965 – Cecilia Bolocco - Chilean television presenter & 1987 Miss Universe
1965 – Maile Flanagan - American actress
1966 – Marc Bureau - Canadian ice hockey player
1966 – Sophia Crawford - English actress & martial artist
1966 – Jodi Picoult - American writer
1966 – Polly Walker - English actress
1967 – Massimo Taccon - Italian painter & sculptor
1968 – Kyle Eastwood - American jazz musician
1970 – Choi Kyung-Ju - South Korean golfer
1970 – Mario Dumont - Canadian politician
1970 – Jason Gray-Stanford - Canadian actor
1971 – Ross Katz - American film producer
1971 – Psicosis - Mexican professional wrestler
1972 – Jenny Berggren - Swedish singer (Ace of Base)
1972 – Claudia Karvan - Australian actress
1974 – Andrew Johns - Australian rugby league footballer
1975 – Masanobu Ando - Japanese actor
1975 – London Fletcher - American football player
1975 – Delma Gonçalves - Brazilian footballer
1975 – Josh Paul - American baseball player
1976 – Ed Cota - American basketball player
1976 – Kevin Garnett - American basketball player
1976 – Gail Simmons - Canadian food critic & television personality (Top Chef)
1977 – Manuel Almunia - Spanish footballer
1977 – Brandon Inge - American baseball player
1977 – Natalia Oreiro - Uruguayan singer & actress
1977 – Kelly Sheridan - Canadian voice actress
1978 – Marcus Bent - English footballer
1978 – Kim Zolciak - American reality show star & singer
1979 – Diego Forlán - Uruguayan footballer
1979 – Barbara Nedeljakova - Slovak actress
1979 – Andrea Pirlo - Italian footballer
1980 – Drew Fuller - American actor & model
1980 – Tony Hackworth - English footballer
1981 – Bong Tae-gyu - South Korean actor
1981 – Luciano Figueroa - Argentine footballer
1981 – Georges St. Pierre - Canadian mixed martial artist
1981 – Michael Leighton - Canadian Hockey Player
1982 – Kevin Amankwaah - English footballer
1982 – Pål Steffen Andresen - Norwegian footballer
1983 – Eve Angel - Hungarian pornographic actress
1983 – Jessica Fox - English actress
1984 – Marcedes Lewis - American football player
1986 – Mario Chalmers - American basketball player
1986 – Eric Lloyd - American actor
1987 – David Edgar - Canadian footballer
1987 – Mariano Torres - Argentine footballer
1991 – Jordan Pruitt - American singer


Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.