Tuesday, 18 May 2010

May 18 - Summary

May 18th Summary:

May 18 - Events

May 18th Details:
May 18th Events:
1152 – Henry II of England marries Eleanor of Aquitaine.
1268 – Battle of Antioch - Principality of Antioch falls to the Mamluk Sultan Baibars.
1302 – Bruges Matins - massacre of the French garrison in Bruges by members of the local Flemish militia.
1498 – Vasco da Gama reaches the port of Calicut, India.
1593 – Arrest warrant for Christopher Marlowe following playwright Thomas Kyd's accusations of heresy.
1631 – John Winthrop becomes the first Governor of Massachusetts.
1652 – Slavery - Rhode Island passes the 1st law in North America making slavery illegal.
1756 – Seven Years' War starts when Great Britain declares war on France.
1803 – United Kingdom revokes the Treaty of Amiens & declares war on France (Napoleonic Wars).
1804 – The French Senate proclaim Napoleon Bonaparte Emperor of the French.
1811 – Battle of Las Piedras.
1812 – John Bellingham is found guilty & sentenced to death for the assassination of Spencer Perceval (British Prime Minister).
1843 – Free Church of Scotland disruption from the Church of Scotland.
1848 – First German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) is opened in Frankfurt, Germany.
1860 – Abraham Lincoln wins the Republican Party presidential nomination over William H. Seward.
1863 – The Siege of Vicksburg begins (American Civil War).
1896 – Khodynka Tragedy - panic on Khodynka Field in Moscow related to the festivities of the coronation of Russian Tsar Nicholas II.
1897 – Bram Stoker is publishes the novel Dracula.
1900 – United Kingdom proclaims a protectorate over Tonga.
1910 – The Earth passes through the tail of Comet Halley.
1917 – The Selective Service Act of 1917 is passed - gives the President of the United States the power of conscription (World War I).
1927 – The Bath School Disaster in Michigan.
1933 – President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs an act creating the Tennessee Valley Authority.
1944 – Battle of Monte Cassino conclusion.
1944 – Soviet Union government deports Crimean Tatars.
1948 – First Legislative Yuan of the Republic of China officially convenes in Nanking.
1955 – Operation Passage to Freedom ends.
1956 – First ascent of Lhotse (mountain).
1958 – F-104 Starfighter sets a world speed record of 2,259.82 km/h (1,404.19 mph).
1959 – National Liberation Committee of Côte d'Ivoire launches in Conakry, Guinea.
1969 – Apollo 10 is launched.
1974 – Project Smiling Buddha - India successfully detonates its first nuclear weapon.
1974 – Completion of the Warsaw radio mast.
1980 – Eruption of Mount St. Helens in Washington, United States.
1980 – Gwangju Massacre - students in Gwangju, South Korea begin demonstrations for democratic reforms.
1990 – Modified TGV train, in France, achieves a new rail world speed record of 515.3km/h (320.2 mph).
1991 – Northern Somalia declares independence from Somalia as the Republic of Somaliland - however is not recognised by the international community.
1992 – Announcement of the Twenty-seventh Amendment to the United States Constitution.
1993 – EU - riots in Nørrebro, Copenhagen.
2006 – Landmark bill curtailing the power of the monarchy & making Nepal a secular country.
2009 – Sri Lankan Civil War - LTTE are defeated by the Sri Lankan government.


Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 18 - Deaths

May 18th Details:
May 18th Deaths:
1401 – Władysław Opolczyk (German: Ladislaus von Oppel - count palatine of Hungary 1367-1372, governor of Halych-Volhynia 1372 – 1378, count palatine of Poland
1450 – Sejong the Great of Joseon - ruler of Korea (b. 1397)
1550 – John, Cardinal of Lorraine - French churchman (b. 1498)
1551 – Domenico di Pace Beccafumi - Italian Renaissance-Mannerist painter (d. 1486)
1584 – Ikeda Motosuke - Japanese samurai commander (b. 1559)
1675 – Stanisław Lubieniecki - Polish Socinian theologist (b. 1623)
1675 – Jacques Marquette - French Jesuit missionary & explorer (b. 1637)
1692 – Elias Ashmole - English antiquarian (b. 1617)
1733 – Georg Böhm - German organist (b. 1761)
1780 – Charles Hardy - British governor of Newfoundland
1781 – Túpac Amaru II - Peruvian Indian revolutionary, a descendant of the last Inca ruler, Túpac Amaru (b. 1742)
1799 – Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais - French playwright (b. 1732)
1800 – Alexander Suvorov - Russian general (b. 1729)
1807 – John Douglas - Scottish Anglican bishop & man of letters (b. 1721)
1808 – Elijah Craig - American minister & inventor
1829 – Maria Josepha of Saxony - queen consort of Spain (b. 1803)
1844 – Richard McCarty - American politician (b. 1780)
1889 – Isabella Glyn Dallas - Scottish Shakepearean actress (b. 1823)
1900 – Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien - French philosopher (b. 1813)
1909 – George Meredith - English novelist & poet (b. 1828)
1909 – Isaac Albéniz - Spanish pianist & composer (b. 1860)
1910 – Pauline Viardot - French mezzo-soprano & composer (b. 1821)
1910 – Eliza Orzeszkowa - Polish novelist (b. 1841)
1911 – Gustav Mahler - Austrian composer (b. 1860)
1922 – Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran - French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1845)
1927 – Andrew Kehoe - American mass murderer (b. 1872)
1941 – Werner Sombart - German economist & sociologist (b. 1863)
1955 – Mary McLeod Bethune - American educator & activist (b. 1875)
1956 – Maurice Tate - English cricketer (b. 1895)
1958 – Jacob Fichman - Israeli poet & essayist (b. 1881)
1963 – Ernie Davis - American football player (b. 1939)
1967 – Andy Clyde - American actor (b. 1892)
1971 – Aleksandr Gennadievich Kurosh - Russian mathematician (b. 1908)
1973 – Jeannette Rankin - American politician & first U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1880)
1975 – Leroy Anderson - American composer (b. 1908)
1980 – Ian Curtis - English musician, singer & lyricist (Joy Division) (b. 1956)
1980 – Victims of Mount St. Helens eruption:
1980 – Harry Randall Truman (b. 1896)
1980 – David A. Johnston - U.S. volcanologist (b. 1949)
1980 – Reid Blackburn - photojournalist for National Geographic (b. 1952)
1981 – Arthur O'Connell - American actor (b. 1908)
1981 – William Saroyan - American author (b. 1908)
1988 – Daws Butler - American voice actor (b. 1916)
1989 – Dorothy Ruth - American horse breeder; adopted daughter of Babe Ruth (b. 1921)
1990 – Jill Ireland - English actress (b. 1936)
1992 – Skip Stephenson - American TV personality (b. 1940)
1992 – Marshall Thompson - American actor (b. 1925)
1995 – Elisha Cook, Jr. - American actor (b. 1903)
1995 – Alexander Godunov - Russian ballet dancer & actor (b. 1949)
1995 – Elizabeth Montgomery - American actress (b. 1933)
1997 – Bridgette Andersen - American actress (b. 1975)
1999 – Augustus Pablo - Jamaican singer (b. 1954)
1999 – Betty Robinson - American runner (b. 1911)
2000 – Stephen M. Wolownik - Russian musician & arranger (b. 1946)
2000 – Maulana Yousuf Ludhianvi - Indian Muslim scholar (b. 1932)
2002 – Davey Boy Smith - English professional wrestler (b. 1962)
2003 – Anna Santisteban - Puerto Rican beauty contest organizer (b. 1914)
2003 – Barb Tarbox - Canadian anti-smoking crusader (b. 1961)
2004 – Elvin Jones - American jazz drummer (b. 1927)
2004 – Serge Turgeon - Quebec actor & union leader (b. 1946)
2006 – Andrew Martinez - U.C. Berkeley's "Naked Guy" & American nudism advocate(b. 1972)
2007 – Pierre-Gilles de Gennes - French physicist (b. 1932)
2007 – Yoyoy Villame - Philippine novelty singer & movie actor (b. 1932)
2008 – Joseph Pevney - American television director (b. 1911)
2009 – Dolla American Rapper a.k.a. Roderick Anthony Burton II (b.1987)
2009 – Wayne Allwine - American voice actor (b.1947)


Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 18 - Births

May 18th Details:
May 18th Births:
1048 – Omar Khayyám - Persian mathematician, poet & philosopher (d. 1131)
1186 – Konstantin of Rostov - Prince of Novgorod (d. 1218)
1474 – Isabella d'Este - Marquise of Mantua (d. 1539)
1610 – Stefano della Bella - Italian printmaker (d. 1664)
1616 – Johann Jakob Froberger - German composer (d. 1667)
1662 (O.S.) – George Smalridge - English bishop of Bristol (d. 1719)
1692 (O.S.) – Joseph Butler - English bishop & philosopher (d. 1752)
1711 – Ruđer Josip Bošković - Croatian atomic theorist (d. 1787)
1777 – John George Children - British chemist, mineralogist & zoologist (d. 1852)
1778 – Charles William Vane - 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (d. 1854)
1785 – John Wilson - Scottish writer (d. 1854)
1797 – King Frederick Augustus II of Saxony (d. 1854)
1850 – Oliver Heaviside - English physicist (d. 1925)
1851 – James Budd - Governor of California (d. 1908)
1852 – Gertrude Käsebier - American photographer (d. 1934)
1854 – Bernard Zweers - Dutch composer & music teacher (d. 1924)
1868 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia (d. 1918)
1872 – Bertrand Russell - 3rd Earl Russell, British mathematician, writer & philosopher, Nobel laureate (d. 1970)
1876 – Hermann Müller - Chancellor of Germany (d. 1931)
1882 – Babe Adams - American baseball player (d. 1968)
1883 – Eurico Gaspar Dutra - President of Brazil (d. 1974)
1883 – Walter Gropius - German architect (d. 1969)
1887 – Jeanie MacPherson - American actress & screenwriter (d. 1946)
1889 – Thomas Midgley - American chemist & inventor (d. 1944)
1891 – Rudolf Carnap - German philosopher (d. 1970)
1892 – Ezio Pinza - Italian-born bass (d. 1957)
1897 – Frank Capra - American film producer, director, & writer (d. 1991)
1901 – Vincent du Vigneaud - American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1978)
1902 – Meredith Willson - American composer (d. 1984)
1904 – Jacob K. Javits - American politician (d. 1986)
1905 – Hedley Verity - English cricketer (d. 1943)
1907 – Carl Mydans - American photographer (d. 2004)
1909 – Fred Perry - British former tennis player (d. 1995)
1911 – Big Joe Turner - American blues singer (d. 1985)
1912 – Richard Brooks - American film director, writer & producer (d. 1992)
1912 – Perry Como - American singer (d. 2001)
1912 – Walter Sisulu - South African anti-apartheid activist (d. 2003)
1913 – Jane Birdwood - Canadian-born British far right activist (d. 2000)
1913 – Charles Trenet - French singer & songwriter (d. 2001)
1913 – Neelam Sanjiva Reddy - Indian politician (d. 1996)
1913 – Mary Howard de Liagre - American actress (d. 2009)
1914 – Pierre Balmain - French fashion designer (d. 1982)
1914 – Robert J. Wilke - American actor (d. 1989)
1918 – George Welch - American pilot & war hero (d. 1954)
1918 – Massimo Girotti - Italian actor (d. 2003)
1919 – Dame Margot Fonteyn - English ballet dancer (d. 1991)
1920 – Pope John Paul II (born Karol Józef Wojtyła) (d. 2005)
1920 – Lucia Mannucci - Italian singer (Quartetto Cetra)
1922 – Gerda Boyesen - Norwegian-born body psychotherapist (d. 2005)
1922 – Bill Macy - American actor
1922 – Kai Winding - Danish-born jazz trombonist & composer (d. 1983)
1923 – Hugh Shearer - Prime Minister of Jamaica (d. 2004)
1923 – Jean-Louis Roux - French Canadian actor & artistic director
1924 – Priscilla Pointer - American actress
1924 – Jack Whitaker - American sportscaster
1926 – Dirch Passer - Danish actor (d. 1980)
1928 – Pernell Roberts - American actor (d. 2010)
1929 – Jack Sanford - American baseball player (d. 2000)
1930 – Warren Rudman - American politician
1931 – Don Martin - American cartoonist (d. 2000)
1931 – Robert Morse - American actor
1933 – Bernadette Chirac - French politician
1933 – Don Whillans - English mountaineer (d. 1985)
1934 – Dwayne Hickman - American actor & television executive
1937 – Brooks Robinson - American baseball player
1937 – Jacques Santer - Luxembourg statesman
1939 – Giovanni Falcone - Italian magistrate & Mafia victim (d. 1992)
1939 – Gordon O'Connor - Canadian politician
1941 – Lobby Loyde - Australian guitarist & songwriter (Billy Thorpe & the Aztecs) (d. 2007)
1941 – Miriam Margolyes - British actress
1942 – Albert Hammond - British/Gibraltarian musician & composer
1942 – Nobby Stiles - English footballer
1943 – Jimmy Snuka - American professional wrestler
1944 – W. G. Sebald - German-born writer (d. 2001)
1946 – Bruce Gilbert - English guitarist (Wire)
1946 – Frank Hsieh - Premier of Taiwan
1946 – Reggie Jackson - American baseball player
1946 – Andreas Katsulas - American actor (d. 2006)
1947 – John Bruton - ninth Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland
1948 – Tom Udall - American politician
1948 – Yi Munyol - South Korean writer
1949 – Rick Wakeman - English composer & musician (Yes)
1949 – Bill Wallace - Canadian bassist (The Guess Who)
1950 – Thomas Gottschalk - German television show host
1950 – Mark Mothersbaugh - American composer, musician, & singer (Devo)
1951 – Jim Sundberg - American baseball player
1952 – Diane Duane - American writer
1952 – George Strait - American country musician
1952 – Jeana Yeager - American aviator
1954 – Reinhold Heil - German composer
1955 – Chow Yun-Fat - Hong Kong actor
1955 – Lena T. Hansson - Swedish actor
1957 – Michael Cretu - Romanian-born German musician (Enigma)
1958 – Toyah Willcox - English actor & singer
1959 – Jay Wells - Canadian ice hockey player
1960 – Jari Kurri - Finnish ice hockey player
1960 – Yannick Noah - French tennis player
1961 – Jim Bowden - American baseball executive
1962 – Mike Whitmarsh - American volleyball player
1962 – Nanne Grönvall - Swedish singer
1962 – Sandra - German singer
1962 – Mike Darnell - American television executive
1963 – Marty McSorley - Canadian hockey player
1963 – Sam Vincent - American basketball player
1965 – Ingo Schwichtenberg - German drummer (Helloween) (d. 1995)
1966 – Michael Tait - American musician (dc Talk, Tait)
1967 – Heinz-Harald Frentzen - German Formula One racing driver
1967 – Rob Base - American rapper
1967 – Nancy Juvonen - American film producer
1967 – Nina Björk - Swedish feminist & author
1969 – Martika - Cuban-American singer
1970 – Tina Fey - American writer/actress
1970 – Tim Horan - Australian rugby union player
1970 – Billy Howerdel - American guitarist (A Perfect Circle)
1971 – Brad Friedel - American soccer player
1971 – Desiree Horton - American helicopter pilot/television reporter
1971 – Nobuteru Taniguchi - Japanese racing driver
1972 – Turner Stevenson - Canadian ice hockey player
1973 – Dario Franchitti - Scottish race car driver
1973 – Brian Heffron - American professional wrestler ("The Blue Meanie")
1973 – Donyell Marshall - American basketball player
1974 – Nelson Figueroa - American baseball player
1975 – John Higgins - Scottish snooker player
1975 – Jack Johnson - American musician
1976 – Ron Mercer - American basketball player
1976 – Oleg Tverdovsky - Ukrainian ice hockey player
1977 – Lee Hendrie - English footballer
1977 – Danny Mills - English footballer
1978 – Ricardo Carvalho - Portuguese footballer
1978 – Marcus Giles - American baseball player
1979 – Anna Chatziathanassiou - Greek figure skater
1979 – Mariusz Lewandowski - Polish footballer
1979 – Michal Martikán - Slovak slalom canoeist
1979 – David Nail - American country singer
1979 – Milivoje Novakovič - Slovenian footballer
1979 – Julián Speroni - Argentine footballer
1980 – Jeff Roehl - American football player
1980 – Matt Long - American actor
1980 – Ali Zafar - Pakistani singer & model
1980 – Aileen Campbell - Scottish politician
1980 – Reggie Evans - American basketball player
1981 – Mahamadou Diarra - Malian footballer
1982 – Jason Brown - English footballer
1983 – Gary O'Neil - English footballer
1983 – Luis Terrero - Dominican baseball player
1983 – Vince Young - American football player
1984 – Joakim Soria - Mexican baseball player
1984 – Niki Terpstra - Dutch cyclist
1985 – Dalma Kovács - Romanian singer & actress
1985 – Francesca Battistelli - American singer
1986 – Ryan Lamb - English rugby union player
1986 – Ahmed Hamada - Egyptian racer
1987 – Luisana Lopilato - Argentine actress & model
1988 – Ryan Cooley - Canadian actor
1988 – Koji Seto - Japanese actor & singer
1988 – Taeyang - South Korean singer (Big Bang)
1992 – Spencer Breslin - American actor

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