Saturday, 15 May 2010

May 15 - Summary

May 15th Summary:

May 15 - Events

May 15th Details:
May 15th Events:
1252 – Pope Innocent IV issues the papal bull ad exstirpanda - authorizing & also limiting the torture of heretics in the Medieval Inquisition.
1525 – Battle of Frankenhausen - ends the Peasants' War.
1536 – In London, Anne Boleyn, Queen of England, stands trial (& is condemned to death) on charges of treason, adultery & incest.
1567 – Mary, Queen of Scots, marries James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell (her 3rd husband).
1602 – Bartholomew Gosnold is the first European to see Cape Cod.
1618 – Johannes Kepler confirms his previously rejected discovery of the third law of planetary motion.
1648 – Treaty of Westphalia signed.
1701 – The War of the Spanish Succession begins.
1718 – The world's first machine gun is patented by James Puckle, a London lawyer.
1755 – The Spaniards establish Laredo, Texas.
1776 – The Virginia Convention instructs its Continental Congress delegation to propose a resolution of independence from Great Britain (American Revolution).
1791 – Maximilien Robespierre proposes the Self-denying Ordinance.
1792 – War of the First Coalition - France declares war on the OnKingdom of Sardinia.
1793 – e of the first attempted flights of a glider by Diego Marín Aguilera - flying for "about 360 meters".
1796 – Napoleon enters Milan in triumph.
1800 – George III survives two assassination attempts in the same day.
1811 – Paraguay declares it's independence from Spain.
1817 – Opening of the first U.S. private mental health hospital - Asylum for the Relief of Persons Deprived of the Use of Their Reason (now Friends Hospital) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1836 – Francis Baily observes "Baily's beads" during an annular eclipse.
1849 – Troops of the Two Sicilies take Palermo.
1850 – The Bloody Island Massacre takes place in Lake County, CA.
1851 – Rama IV is crowned King of Thailand.
1858 – Royal Opera House is opened on it's present site in Covent Garden, London.
1862 – United States Bureau of Agriculture is created after President Abraham Lincoln signs a bill into law; later to be renamed the United States Department of Agriculture.
1864 – Battle of Resaca, Georgia ends (American Civil War).
1864 – Battle of New Market, Virginia (American Civil War).
1869 – Susan B. Anthony & Elizabeth Cady Stanton form the National Woman's Suffrage Association in New York.
1891 – Pope Leo XIII publishes the Rerum Novarum, the first document of the Catholic Social Teaching tradition.
1897 – Greco-Turkish War - the Greek army retreats with heavy losses.
1905 – Las Vegas, Nevada, is founded.
1911 – Standard Oil is declared by the United States Supreme Court to be an "unreasonable" monopoly under the Sherman Antitrust Act.
1914 – Bolivia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1918 – Finnish Civil War ends.
1919 – Winnipeg General Strike begins in Winniped Manitoba.
1919 – Greek invasion of İzmir.
1920 – Council of Lithuania adjourns - newly elected Constituent Assembly of Lithuania meets for the first time in Kaunas.
1928 – Mickey Mouse stars in his first cartoon - Plane Crazy.
1932 – The May 15 Incident - attempted Coup d'état where the Prime Minister of Japan Inukai Tsuyoshi is killed.
1934 – Kārlis Ulmanis establishes an authoritarian government in Latvia.
1935 – The Moscow Metro is opened to public.
1940 – Dutch troops surrender to Germany (World War II).
1940 – McDonald's opens its first restaurant in San Bernardino, California.
1942 – Bill creating the U.S. Women's Army Auxiliary Corps (WAAC) is signed into law (World War II).
1943 – Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International).
1948 – Start of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.
1955 – The Austrian Independence Treaty is signed.
1955 – First ascent of Makalu - world's 5th highest mountain.
1957 – Operation Grapple - Britain tests its first hydrogen bomb at Malden Island in the Pacific.
1958 – The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 3.
1960 – The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 4.
1963 – Project Mercury - launch of the final Mercury mission, Mercury-Atlas 9 with astronaut L. Gordon Cooper on board.
1966 – Prime Minister Nguyen Cao Ky of South Vietnam's ruling junta launches a military attack on the forces of General Ton That Dinh.
1969 – Bloody Thursday - riot sparked by California Governor Ronald Reagan fencing off an impromptu student park owned by University of California at Berkeley from student anti-war protestors.
1970 – First female United States Army Generals - President Richard Nixon appoints Anna Mae Hays & Elizabeth P. Hoisington.
1972 – The island of Okinawa reverts to Japanese control.
1972 – Alabama Governor George Wallace is shot and palayzed by Arthur Bremer in Laurel, Maryland.
1974 – Ma'alot massacre - Arab terrorist attack & hostage taking at an Israeli school.
1987 – Polyus prototype orbital weapons platform is launched by the Soviet Union.
1988 – Soviet war in Afghanistan - Red Army begins its withdrawal from Afghanistan.
1990 – Portrait of Doctor Gachet, painting by Vincent van Gogh, is sold for a record $82.5 million.
1991 – Edith Cresson becomes France's first female prime minister.
1997 – United States government acknowledges the existence of the "Secret War" in Laos.
2010 – Jessica Watson becomes the youngest person ever to sail solo, non-stop & unassisted around the world.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 15 - Deaths

May 15th Details:
May 15th Deaths:
913 – Hatto I - Archbishop of Mainz
1036 – Emperor Go-Ichijō of Japan (b. 1008)
1157 – Yury Dolgoruky - Russian prince
1174 – Nur ad-Din Zangi - ruler of Syria (b. 1118)
1381 – Eppelein von Gailingen - German robber baron
1470 – Charles VIII of Sweden (b. 1409)
1585 – Niwa Nagahide - Japanese warlord (b. 1535)
1591 – Dmitry Ivanovich - Tsarevich (b. 1582)
1609 – Giovanni Croce - Italian composer (b. 1557)
1634 – Hendrick Avercamp - Dutch painter (b. 1585)
1698 – Marie Champmeslé - French actress (b. 1642)
1699 – Edward Petre - British Jesuit & privy councilor (b. 1631)
1700 – John Hale - pastor during the Salem witch hunt (b.1636)
1703 – Charles Perrault - French writer (b. 1628)
1714 – Roger Elliott - British general & Governor of Gibraltar
1740 – Ephraim Chambers - British encyclopaedist (b. 1680)
1760 – Alaungpaya - King of Burma (b. 1711)
1773 – Alban Butler - British Catholic priest & writer (b. 1710)
1782 – Marquis of Pombal - Prime Minister of Portugal (b. 1699)
1845 – Braulio Carrillo Colina - Costa Rican Head of State (b. 1800)
1879 – Gottfried Semper - German architect (b. 1803)
1886 – Emily Dickinson - American poet (b. 1830)
1924 – Paul-Henri-Benjamin d'Estournelles de Constant - French diplomat, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1852)
1935 – Kazimir Malevich - Polish/Ukrainian artist (b. 1878)
1937 – Phillip Snowden - British politician (b. 1864)
1940 – Menno ter Braak - Dutch author & polemicist (b. 1902)
1945 – Charles Williams - British writer (b. 1886)
1948 – Edward Flanagan - American priest & founder of Boys Town (b. 1886)
1954 – William March - American writer (b. 1893)
1956 – Austin Osman Spare - British artist & magician (b. 1886)
1964 – Vladko Maček - Kingdom of Yugoslavia deputy prime minister (b. 1879)
1967 – Edward Hopper - American painter (b. 1882)
1971 – Tyrone Guthrie - British director, producer, & writer (b. 1900)
1978 – Sir Robert Menzies - twelfth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1894)
1982 – Gordon Smiley - American race car driver (b. 1946)
1984 – Francis Schaeffer - American theologian, philosopher, & pastor (b. 1912)
1986 – Theodore White - American writer (b. 1915)
1986 – Elio de Angelis - Italian race car driver (b. 1958)
1989 – Johnny Green - American songwriter (b. 1908)
1991 – Andreas Floer - German mathematician (b. 1956)
1991 – Amadou Hampâté Bâ - Malian writer (b. c. 1900)
1991 – Ronald Lacey - British actor (b. 1935)
1992 – Jovy Marcelo - Filipino race car driver (b. 1965)
1993 – Salah Ahmed Ibrahim - Sudanese writer, poet, & diplomat (b. 1933)
1994 – Gilbert Roland - Mexican actor (b. 1905)
1995 – Eric Porter - British actor (b. 1928)
1996 – Charles B. Fulton - American jurist (b. 1910)
1998 – Earl "the Goat" Manigault - American basketball player (b. 1944)
2003 – June Carter Cash - American musician & singer (b. 1929)
2003 – George Francis - British gangster (b. 1940)
2005 – Alan B. Gold - Quebec Chief Justice (b. 1917)
2007 – Jerry Falwell - Pastor of Thomas Road Baptist Church & Founder of Liberty University in Lynchburg, VA (b. 1933)
2007 – Yolanda King - American actress & activist, daughter of Martin Luther King, Jr. (b. 1955)
2008 – Alexander Courage - composer of original Star Trek theme (b. 1919)
2008 – Tommy Burns - British footballer (b. 1956)
2008 – Robert Dunlop - Northern Irish motorcycle racer, younger brother of Joey Dunlop (b. 1960)
2008 – Astrid Zachrison - Swedish supercentenarian (b. 1895)
2009 – Charles 'Bud' Tingwell - Australian actor (b. 1923)
2009 – Wayman Tisdale - American basketball player (b. 1964)
2010 – Loris Kessel - Swiss racing driver (b. 1950)
2010 – Besian Idrizaj - Footballer (b. 1987)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 15 - Births

May 15th Details:
May 15th Births:
1567 – (baptism) Claudio Monteverdi - Italian composer (d. 1643)
1608 – René Goupil - French Catholic missionary (Canadian Martyrs) (d. 1642)
1720 – Maximilian Hell - Slovakian astronomer (d. 1792)
1749 – Levi Lincoln, Sr. - American revolutionary, statesman, politician, & acting Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1820)
1767 or 1770 – Ezekiel Hart - Canadian entrepreneur & politician, & the first Jew to be elected to public office in the British Empire (d. 1843)
1773 – Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich - Austrian statesman (d. 1859)
1786 – General Dimitris Plapoutas - a Revolutionary in the Greek War of Independence (d. 1864)
1817 – Debendranath Tagore - Indian religious reformer (d. 1905)
1848 – Viktor Vasnetsov - Russian painter (d. 1926)
1856 – L. Frank Baum - American author (d. 1919)
1856 – Matthias Zurbriggen - Swiss mountaineer & guide (d. 1917)
1857 – Williamina Fleming - British-born astronomer (d. 1911)
1859 – Pierre Curie - French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1906)
1862 – Arthur Schnitzler - Austrian dramatist & narrator (d. 1931)
1890 – Katherine Anne Porter - American author (d. 1980)
1891 – Mikhail Bulgakov - Russian writer (d. 1940)
1891 – Fritz Feigl - Austria-born chemist (d. 1971)
1892 – Jimmy Wilde - boxer (d. 1969)
1895 – William D. Byron - U.S. Congressman (d. 1941)
1895 – Astrid Zachrison - Swedish supercentenarian (d. 2008)
1898 – Arletty - French model & actress (d. 1992)
1899 – Jean-Etienne Valluy - French general (d. 1970)
1901 – Xavier Herbert - Australian author (d. 1984)
1901 – Luis Monti - Argentine-Italian footballer (d. 1983)
1902 – Richard J. Daley - Mayor of Chicago (d. 1976)
1903 – Maria Reiche - German-born mathematician & archaeologist (d. 1998)
1905 – Joseph Cotten - American actor (d. 1994)
1905 – Abraham Zapruder - American businessman who unexpectedly filmed the assassination of John F. Kennedy. (d. 1970)
1907 – Sukhdev Thapar - Indian freedom fighter (d. 1931)
1909 – James Mason - British actor (d. 1984)
1909 – Clara Solovera - Chilean folk musician (d. 1992)
1910 – Constance Cummings - British actress (d. 2005)
1911 – Max Frisch - Swiss author (d. 1991)
1911 – Herta Oberheuser - Nazi doctor (d. 1978)
1912 – Arthur Berger - American composer (d. 2003)
1914 – Turk Broda - ice hockey goaltender (d. 1972)
1915 – Hilda Bernstein - British-born South African author, artist, & activist (d. 2006)
1915 – Mario Monicelli - Italian director & screenwriter
1915 – Paul Samuelson - American economist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2009)
1915 – Gus Viseur - French button accordionist (d. 1974)
1916 – Vera Gebuhr - Danish actress
1918 – Eddy Arnold - American country music singer (d. 2008)
1918 – Joseph Wiseman - Canadian actor (d. 2009)
1920 – Nasrallah Sfeir - Lebanese cardinal
1922 – Jakucho Setouchi - Japanese writer & Buddhist nun
1923 – Richard Avedon - American photographer (d. 2004)
1923 – John Lanchbery - British composer (d. 2003)
1923 – Johnny Walker - Indian actor (d. 2003)
1924 – Maria Koepcke - German ornithologist (d. 1971)
1926 – Anthony Shaffer - British playwright (d. 2001)
1926 – Peter Shaffer - British playwright
1930 – Jasper Johns - American painter
1931 – Ken Venturi - American golfer
1935 – Utah Phillips - American labor organizer & folk singer (d. 2008)
1936 – Anna Maria Alberghetti - Italian-born actress
1936 – Wavy Gravy - American clown & activist
1936 – Ralph Steadman - British cartoonist
1936 – Paul Zindel - American writer (d. 2003)
1937 – Madeleine Albright - U.S. Secretary of State
1937 – Trini López - American musician
1938 – Mireille Darc - French actress
1938 – Diane Nash - American 1960s Civil Rights Movement leader
1938 – Lenny Welch - American singer
1939 – Dorothy Shirley - British athlete
1940 – Lainie Kazan - American actress & singer
1940 – Roger Ailes - American businessman
1940 – Don Nelson - American basketball coach, currently of the Golden State Warriors
1941 – K.T. Oslin - American musician
1942 – Jusuf Kalla - vice- president of Indonesia & Chairman of the Golkar Party.
1942 – Doug Lowe - 35th Premier of Tasmania
1944 – Ulrich Beck - German sociologist
1944 – Bill Alter - Missouri State Senator
1945 – Lasse Berghagen - Swedish singer
1945 – Duarte Pio - Duke of Braganza, heir to the Portuguese crown
1947 – Graeham Goble - Australian musician, singer/songwriter, & record producer (co-founding member of Little River Band)
1948 – Brian Eno - British musician & record producer
1948 – Kathleen Sebelius - American politician, United States Secretary of Health & Human Services
1948 – Yutaka Enatsu - Japanese professional baseball pitcher
1950 – Nicholas Hammond - American actor
1951 – Frank Wilczek - American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1952 – Chazz Palminteri - American actor, writer & director
1953 – George Brett - American baseball player
1953 – Mike Oldfield - British composer
1954 – Robert P. Harrison - American thinker
1955 – Lee Horsley - American actor
1956 – Andreas Loverdos - Greek lawyer & politician
1956 – Dan Patrick - American sportscaster
1957 – Juan José Ibarretxe - Basque Lehendakari (Prime Minister)
1957 – Kevin Von Erich - American professional wrestler
1958 – Ron Simmons - American professional wrestler
1959 – Andrew Eldritch - British singer & songwriter (The Sisters of Mercy)
1959 – Kaokor Galaxy - Thai boxer
1959 – Luis Perez-Sala - Spanish racing driver
1960 – Rob Bowman - American film director
1960 – Rhonda Burchmore - Australian Entertainer
1961 – Katrin Cartlidge - British actress (d. 2002)
1961 – Melle Mel - American musician
1962 – Lisa Curry-Kenny - Australian Ironwoman
1964 – Lars Løkke Rasmussen - Prime Minister of Denmark
1964 – Digna Ochoa - Mexican politician
1965 – André Abujamra - Brazilian film score composer
1965 – Raí - Brazilian footballer
1966 – Pete Wiggs - British musician (Saint Etienne)
1967 – Madhuri Dixit - Indian actress
1967 – Laura Hillenbrand - American author (Seabiscuit: An American Legend)
1967 – John Smoltz - baseball player
1968 – Cecilia Malmström - Swedish politician
1968 – Seth Putnam - American musician
1969 – Hideki Irabu - Japanese baseball player
1969 – Emmitt Smith - American football player
1969 – Asalah Nasri - Syrian singer
1970 – Martin Rossiter - British Musician
1970 – Frank de Boer - Dutch football player
1970 – Ronald de Boer - Dutch football player
1970 – Desmond Howard - American football player
1970 – Rod Smith - American football player
1971 – Phil Pfister - American strength athlete
1972 – David Charvet - French actor
1973 – Emilia Tsoulfa - Greek sailing champion
1974 – Vassilis Kikilias - Greek basketball player
1974 – Ahmet Zappa - American musician
1974 – Shiney Ahuja - Indian actor
1975 – Peter Iwers - Swedish Musician
1975 – Ray Lewis - American football player
1976 – Adolfo Bautista - Mexican footballer
1976 – Torraye Braggs - American basketball player
1976 – Jacek Krzynówek - Polish footballer
1976 – Ryan Leaf - American football player
1976 – Tyler Walker - baseball player
1978 – Amy Chow - American gymnast
1978 – Dwayne DeRosario - Canadian footballer
1978 – Caroline Dhavernas - Canadian actress
1978 – Edu - Brazilian footballer
1978 – David Krumholtz - American actor
1978 – Krissy Taylor - American model (d. 1995)
1980 – Josh Beckett - American baseball player
1980 – Rocky Marquette - American actor
1981 – Patrice Evra - French footballer
1981 – Justin Morneau - Canadian baseball player
1981 – Zara Phillips - British royal & eventer
1981 – Jamie-Lynn Sigler - American actress
1982 – Alex Breckenridge - American actress
1982 – Veronica Campbell-Brown - Jamaican athlete
1982 – Segundo Castillo - Ecuadorian footballer
1982 – Tatsuya Fujiwara - Japanese actor
1982 – Jessica Sutta - American dancer, singer & actress (Pussycat Dolls)
1984 – Sérgio Jimenez - Brazilian racing driver
1985 – Cristiane - Brazilian footballer
1986 – Matías Fernández - Chilean footballer
1986 – Adam Moffat - British football player
1987 – Ersan İlyasova - Turkish basketball player
1987 – Jennylyn Mercado - Filipina actress & singer
1987 – Andy Murray - Scottish tennis player
1989 – Sunny - Korean singer
1990 – Joe Mattock - English footballer
1990 – Eugene Kim - Eugene Do Il Kim
1995 – Ksenia Sitnik - Belarusian singer

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.