Thursday, 13 May 2010

May 13 - Summary

May 13th Summary:

May 13 - Events

May 13th Details:
May 13th Events:
1373 – Visions reported by Julian of Norwich - later transcribed in her Revelations of Divine Love.
1497 – Pope Alexander VI excommunicates Girolamo Savonarola.
1515 – Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk & Mary Tudor, Queen of France are officially married at Greenwich, England.
1568 – Battle of Langside - Mary, Queen of Scots' forces are defeated by a confederacy of Scottish Protestants under James Stewart, Earl of Moray (her half-brother).
1619 – Johan van Oldenbarnevelt (Dutch statesman) is executed in The Hague after being convicted of treason.
1648 – Red Fort at Delhi is completed.
1779 – War of Bavarian Succession - Russian & French mediators at the Congress of Teschen negotiate an end to the war.
1780 – Cumberland Compact - signed by leaders of the settlers in early Tennessee.
1787 – The "First Fleet" - Captain Arthur Phillip leaves Portsmouth, England, with 11 ships full of convicts to establish a penal colony in Australia.
1804 – Yusuf Karamanli of Tripoli, sends forces to retake Derne from the Americans.
1830 – Ecuador gains its independence from Gran Colombia.
1846 – The United States declares war on Mexico.
1848 – Finland's national anthem performed for the first time.
1861 – Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom issues a "proclamation of neutrality" (American Civil War).
1861 – The Great Comet of 1861 - discovered by John Tebbutt of Windsor, New South Wales, Australia.
1864 – Battle of Resaca – the battle begins with Union General Sherman fighting toward Atlanta, Georgia (American Civil War).
1865 – Battle of Palmito Ranch (American Civil War).
1880 – Thomas Edison performs the first test of his electric railway at Menlo Park, New Jersey.
1888 – Passage of the Lei Áurea ("Golden Law") - leads to Brazil abolishing slavery.
1909 – First Giro d'Italia starts from Milan.
1912 – The Royal Flying Corps (now known as Royal Air Force) is established in the United Kingdom.
1913 – Igor Sikorsky - the first man to pilot a four-engine aircraft.
1917 – First apparition of Our Lady of Fátima in Fátima, Portugal reported by 3 children report.
1939 – Launch of first commercial FM radio station in the United States at Bloomfield, Connecticut.
1940 – Germany's conquest of France begins as the German army crosses the Meuse (World War II).
1940 - Winston Churchill makes his "blood, toil, tears, & sweat" speech to the House of Commons (World War II).
1940 – Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands flees to Great Britain after the Nazi invasion.
1941 – Beginning of the Serbian resistance when Yugoslav royal colonel Dragoljub Mihailović starts fighting the German occupation troops (World War II).
1943 – German Afrika Korps & Italian troops in North Africa surrender to Allied forces (World War II).
1948 – Arab-Israeli War of 1948 - Kfar Etzion massacre is committed by Arab irregulars.
1950 – Formula One World Championship, first round, is held at Silverstone.
1952 – The Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Parliament of India, holds its first sitting.
1954 – Anti-National Service Riots, by Chinese Middle School students takes place in Singapore.
1958 – Vice President Richard Nixon's car is attacked by anti-American demonstrators, during a visit to Caracas, Venezuela.
1958 – Velcro is registered as a trade mark.
1958 – May 1958 crisis - French military officers lead a coup in Algiers demanding that a government of national unity be formed with Charles de Gaulle at its head.
1967 – Dr. Zakir Hussain becomes third President of India.
1969 – May 13 Incident - Race riots, take place in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
1972 – A fire underneath the Playtown Cabaret in Osaka, Japan is caused by faulty electrical wiring.
1980 – F3 tornado hits Kalamazoo County, Michigan.
1981 – Attempted assassination of Pope John Paul II in St. Peter's Square in Rome, by Mehmet Ali Ağca.
1985 – Police storm MOVE headquarters in Philadelphia to end a stand-off.
1989 – Large numbers of chinese students occupy Tiananmen Square & begin a hunger strike.
1992 – Li Hongzhi gives the first public lecture on Falun Gong in Changchun, China.
1994 – Johnny Carson makes his last television appearance on Late Show with David Letterman.
1998 – Race riots break out in Jakarta, Indonesia.
1998 – India carries out two nuclear tests at Pokhran.
2000 – In Enschede, Netherlands, a fireworks factory explodes.
2005 – Andijan Massacre occurs in Uzbekistan.
2006 – São Paulo prison violence - major rebellion occurs in several prisons in Brazil.
2007 - Gambit - The New York Times Chess Blog begins under the authorship of Dylan Loeb McClain.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 13 - Deaths

May 13th Details:
May 13th Deaths:
1162 – Géza II of Hungary (b. 1130)
1176 – Matthias I - Duke of Lorraine (b. 1119)
1312 – Theobald II - Duke of Lorraine (b. 1263)
1573 – Takeda Shingen - Japanese warlord (b. 1521)
1619 – Johan van Oldenbarnevelt - Dutch statesman (b. 1547)
1704 – Louis Bourdaloue - French Jesuit preacher (b. 1632)
1742 – Ludwig IX - Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (b. 1719)
1807 – Eliphalet Dyer - American statesman & judge (b. 1721)
1809 – Beilby Porteus - Bishop of London (b. 1731)
1832 – Georges Cuvier - French naturalist (b. 1769)
1835 – John Nash - English architect (b. 1752)
1866 – Nikolai Brashman - Russian mathematician (b. 1796)
1871 – Daniel Auber - French composer (b. 1782)
1878 – Joseph Henry - American scientist (b. 1797)
1884 – Cyrus McCormick - American inventor (b. 1809)
1885 – Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle - German physician (b. 1809)
1901 – Leopoldo Alas y Ureña - a.k.a. "Clarín", Spanish novelist & literary critic (b. 1851)
1903 – Apolinario Mabini - Filipino political theoretician & Prime Minister (b. 1864)
1916 – Sholom Aleichem - Russian author (b. 1859)
1921 – Jean Aicard - French poet & novelist (b. 1848)
1925 – Boris Savinkov - Russian writer & terrorist (b. 1879)
1926 – Libert H. Boeynaems - Belgian Catholic prelate (b. 1857)
1930 – Fridtjof Nansen - Norwegian explorer, scientist & diplomat, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1861)
1937 – Ekaterina Geladze - Georgian mother of Joseph Stalin (b. 1858)
1938 – Charles Edouard Guillaume - Swiss physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1861)
1945 – Tubby Hall - American jazz drummer (b. 1895)
1957 – Michael Fekete - Hungarian-born Israeli mathematician (b. 1886)
1961 – Gary Cooper - American actor (b. 1901)
1962 – Henry Trendley Dean - American dental researcher (b. 1893)
1963 – Alois Hudal - Austrian-born Catholic bishop who assisted Nazi war criminals in escaping (b. 1885)
1972 – Dan Blocker - American actor (b. 1928)
1974 – Jaime Torres Bodet - Mexican writer (b. 1902)
1975 – Bob Wills - American musician (b. 1905)
1977 – Mickey Spillane - Irish-American gangster (b. 1934)
1985 – Leatrice Joy - American actress (b. 1893)
1988 – Chet Baker - American jazz trumpeter (b. 1929)
1992 – F. E. McWilliam - Northern Irish sculptor (b. 1909)
1994 – Duncan Hamilton - British racing driver (b. 1920)
1999 – Gene Sarazen - American golfer (b. 1902)
2000 – Paul Bartel - American actor (b. 1938)
2000 – Jumbo Tsuruta - Japanese professional wrestler (b. 1951)
2001 – R.K. Narayan - Indian novelist (b. 1906)
2001 – Jason Miller - American playwright (b. 1939)
2002 – Valeri Lobanovsky - Ukrainian footballer & manager (b. 1939)
2002 – Ruth Cracknell - Australian actress (b. 1925)
2005 – George Dantzig - American mathematician (b. 1914)
2005 – Michael Ross - American serial killer (b. 1959)
2005 – Eddie Barclay - French record producer (b. 1921)
2006 – Jaroslav Pelikan - American historian (b. 1923)
2006 – Johnnie Wilder, Jr. - American singer (b. 1949)
2008 – Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah - Sheikh of Kuwait (b. 1930)
2008 – Ron Stone - American television reporter (b. 1936)
2009 – Frank Aletter - American character actor (b. 1926)
2009 – Achille Compagnoni - Italian mountaineer, one of the first to summit K2 (b. 1914)
2009 – Rabbi Meir Brandsdorfer - Belgian-born member of the Rabbinical Court of the Edah HaChareidis, Jerusalem

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 13 - Births

May 13th Details:
May 13th Births:
1024 – Hugh of Cluny - French saint (d. 1109)
1254 – Maria of Brabant - queen of France (d. 1321)
1588 – Ole Worm - Danish physician (d. 1654)
1638 – Richard Simon - French Biblical critic (d. 1712)
1655 – Pope Innocent XIII (d. 1724)
1699 – Marquis of Pombal - Prime Minister of Portugal (d. 1782)
1712 – Johann Hartwig Ernst - Count von Bernstorff, Danish statesman (d. 1772)
1717 – Queen Maria Theresa of Hungary & Bohemia - Holy Roman Empress (d. 1780)
1730 – Charles Watson-Wentworth - 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1782)
1742 – Archduchess Maria Christina - Duchess of Teschen (d. 1798)
1753 – Lazare Carnot - French general, politician, & mathematician (d. 1823)
1792 – Blessed Pope Pius IX (d. 1878)
1794 – Louis-Leopold Robert - French painter (d. 1835)
1795 – Gérard Paul Deshayes - French geologist (d. 1875)
1822 – Francis of Assisi of Bourbon - King Consort of Spain (d. 1902)
1830 – Zebulon Baird Vance - three-time governor of North Carolina (d. 1894)
1840 – Alphonse Daudet - French novelist (d. 1897)
1842 – Arthur Sullivan - English composer (d. 1900)
1856 – Tom O'Rourke - American boxing manager (d. 1938)
1857 – Ronald Ross - English physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1932)
1882 – Georges Braque - French painter (d. 1963)
1883 – Georgios Papanikolaou - Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (d. 1962)
1894 – Ásgeir Ásgeirsson - 2nd President of Iceland (d. 1972)
1895 – Nandor Fodor - Hungarian-born psychologist & parapsychologist (d. 1964)
1898 – Justin/Giustino Tuveri - Italian World War I veteran (d. 2007)
1904 – Louis Duffus - South African cricketer (d. 1984)
1907 – Dame Daphne du Maurier - English author (d. 1989)
1911 – Robert Middleton - American film & television actor (d. 1977)
1912 – Gil Evans - Canadian musician (d. 1988)
1912 – Judah Nadich - American rabbi (d. 2007)
1913 – William R. Tolbert, Jr. - President of Liberia (d. 1980)
1914 – Joe Louis - American boxer (d. 1981)
1918 – T. Balasaraswati - Indian Bharatanatyam dancer (d. 1984)
1920 – Gareth Morris - British flautist (d. 2007)
1922 – Michael Ainsworth - British cricketer (d. 1978)
1922 – Beatrice Arthur - American actress (d. 2009)
1922 – Otl Aicher - German graphic designer (d. 1991)
1923 – Red Garland - American hard bop jazz pianist (d.1984)
1924 – Harry Schwarz - South African anti-apartheid politician, lawyer & diplomat (d. 2010)
1924 – Theodore Mann - American theatre producer & director
1926 – Wallace Breem - British author (d. 1990)
1927 – Archie Scott-Brown - English race car driver (d. 1958)
1927 – Herbert Ross - American director (d. 2001)
1928 – Édouard Molinaro - French film actor, director & screenwriter
1928 – Enrique Bolaños - President of Nicaragua
1928 – Jim Shoulders - American rodeo cowboy (d. 2007)
1930 – Mike Gravel - American politician, former Senator from Alaska
1930 – José Jiménez Lozano - Spanish writer
1930 – Vernon Shaw - President of Dominica
1931 – Jim Jones - American businessman, & cult leader of the Peoples Temple (d. 1978)
1934 – Leon Wagner - American baseball player (d. 2004)
1935 – Dominic Cossa - American baritone
1937 – Roch Carrier - Canadian novelist
1937 – Roger Zelazny - American author (d. 1995)
1937 – Trevor Baylis - English inventor
1937 – Zohra Lampert - American actress
1938 – Laurent Beaudoin - French/Canadian businessman
1938 – Giuliano Amato - Italian politician
1939 – Harvey Keitel - American actor
1939 – Hildrun Claus - German athlete
1940 – Bruce Chatwin - British writer (d. 1989)
1941 – Senta Berger - Austrian actress
1941 – Joe Brown - British singer
1941 – Ritchie Valens - American singer (d. 1959)
1941 – Jody Conradt - American basketball coach
1942 – Roger Young - American television director
1943 – Kurt Trampedach - Danish artist
1943 – Mary Wells - American singer (d. 1992)
1944 – Armistead Maupin - American author
1945 – Sam Anderson - American actor
1945 – Magic Dick - American musician (The J. Geils Band)
1946 – Waneta Hoyt - American serial killer (d. 1998)
1947 – Edgar Burcksen - Dutch film editor
1949 – Zoë Wanamaker - English/American actress
1950 – Danny Kirwan - British musician (Fleetwood Mac)
1950 – Manning Marable - American academic & author
1950 – Stevie Wonder - American singer & musician
1950 – Bobby Valentine - American baseball manager
1951 – Sharon Sayles Belton - Mayor of Minneapolis, Minnesota
1951 – Paul Thompson - British rock drummer (Roxy Music)
1951 – James Whale - English radio personality
1952 – John Kasich - U.S. Congressman from Ohio
1952 – Mary Walsh - Canadian comedian & actress
1954 – Johnny Logan - Irish singer & songwriter
1956 – Sri Sri Ravi Shankar - Indian founder of the Art of Living Foundation
1956 – Richard Madeley - English television presenter
1956 – Kirk Thornton - American voice actor
1957 – Alan Ball - American screenwriter, director, & producer
1957 – Koji Suzuki - Japanese writer
1957 – Andrea Klump - German Red Army Faction terrorist
1957 – Manuel "Mar" Araneta Roxas II - Philippine Senator
1961 – Dennis Rodman - American basketball player & actor
1962 – Eduardo Palomo - Mexican actor (d. 2003)
1962 – Kathleen Jamie - Scottish poet
1962 – Sean McDonough - American sports newscaster
1962 – Paul McDermott - Australian comedian
1963 – Wally Masur - Australian tennis player
1964 – Stephen Colbert - American comedian & actor
1964 – Ronnie Coleman - American bodybuilder
1964 – Tom Verica - American actor
1965 – José Antonio Delgado - Venezuelan mountain climber (d. 2006)
1965 – Hikari Ota - Japanese comedian
1965 – Tasmin Little - English violinist
1965 – Lari White - American country music singer
1966 – Darius Rucker - American singer (Hootie & the Blowfish)
1966 – Nikos Aliagas - Greek TV show host
1966 – Kamen Vodenicharov - Bulgarian entertainer
1967 – Chuck Schuldiner - American musician (Death, Control Denied) (d. 2001)
1967 – Melanie Thornton - American pop singer (La Bouche) (d. 2001)
1968 – Miguel Ángel Blanco - Spanish politician (d. 1997)
1968 – Alison Goldfrapp - English musician
1968 – PMD - American rapper
1969 – Buckethead - American musician
1971 – Tom Nalen - American football player
1972 – Stefaan Maene - Belgian swimmer
1974 – Brian Geraghty - American actor
1976 – Mark Delaney - Welsh footballer
1976 – Trajan Langdon - American basketball player
1977 – Ilse DeLange - Dutch singer
1977 – Robby Hammock - American baseball player
1977 – Neil Hopkins - American actor
1977 – Samantha Morton - English actress
1978 – Mike Bibby - American basketball player
1978 – Ryan Bukvich - American baseball player
1978 – Steve Mildenhall - English footballer
1978 – Dilshan Vitharana - Sri Lankan cricketer
1978 – Barry Zito - American baseball player
1979 – Prince Carl Philip of Sweden
1979 – Michael Madden - American musician (Maroon 5)
1980 – Chris Barker - American bassist (Anti-Flag)
1980 – Waka Inoue - Japanese gravure idol & actress
1980 – Mau Marcelo - Filipino singer
1981 – Sunny Leone - Canadian/American pornographic actress
1981 – Rebecka Liljeberg - Swedish actress
1981 – Jimmy Wang Yang - American professional wrestler
1982 – Yoko Kumada - Japanese gravure idol
1982 – Oguchi Onyewu - American footballer
1983 – Grégory Lemarchal - French singer (d. 2007)
1983 – Yaya Touré - Ivorian footballer
1983 – Anita Görbicz - Hungarian handball player
1984 – Benny Dayal - Indian singer
1985 – Travis Zajac - Canadian ice hockey player
1985 – Jaroslav Halak - Montreal Canadiens goaltender
1986 – Giuliana Marino - German glamour model
1986 – Robert Pattinson - English actor, musician & model
1986 – Alexander Rybak - Norwegian Eurovision Song Contest winner
1986 – Scott Sutter - English footballer
1987 – Hunter Parrish - American actor
1987 – Carrie Prejean - American beauty pageant contestant
1987 – Charlotte Wessels - Dutch singer (Delain)
1988 – Casey Donovan - Australian singer
1993 – Romelu Lukaku - Belgian footballer
1993 – Debby Ryan - American actress
1996 – Rikki Morales - future American singer

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.