Wednesday, 12 May 2010

May 12 - Summary

May 12th Details:

May 12 - Events

May 12th Details:
May 12th Events:
1191 – Richard I of England marries Berengaria of Navarre.
1264 – Start of the Battle of Lewes, between King Henry III of England & the rebel Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester.
1328 – Antipope Nicholas V, is consecrated in Rome by the Bishop of Venice.
1364 – The oldest university in Poland, Jagiellonian University, is founded in Kraków, Poland.
1551 – The oldest university in the Americas, National University of San Marcos, is founded in Lima, Peru.
1588 – Henry III of France flees Paris after Henry of Guise enters the city.
1689 – William III of England joins the League of Augsburg starting a war with France.
1743 – Maria Theresa of Austria is crowned Queen of Bohemia after defeating her rival, Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor.
1780 – Charleston, South Carolina is taken by British forces (American Revolutionary War).
1797 – Napoleon I of France conquers Venice.
1821 – The first big battle of the Greek War of Independence occurs in Valtetsi against the Turks.
1862 – U.S. federal troops occupy Baton Rouge, Louisiana.
1863 – American Civil War - Battle of Raymond.
1864 – Battle of Spotsylvania Court House (American Civil War).
1865 – Battle of Palmito Ranch (American Civil War).
1870 – The Manitoba Act is given the Royal Assent.
1873 – Oscar II is crowned King of Sweden.
1881 – Tunisia becomes a French protectorate.
1885 – Four-day Battle of Batoche - rebel Métis vrs the Canadian government ends with defeat of the rebels (North-West Rebellion).
1926 – UK General Strike 1926 - 9-day general strike by trade unions ends.
1932 – Infant son of Charles Lindbergh is found dead in Hopewell, New Jersey.
1935 – Bill Wilson & Dr. Bob Smith (founders of Alcoholics Anonymous) meet for the first time in Akron, Ohio.
1937 – George VI & Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon are crowned King & Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland.
1941 – The Z3, the world's first working programmable, fully automatic computer is presented by Konrad Zuse, in Berlin.
1942 – Second Battle of Kharkov - in eastern Ukraine, Red Army forces under Marshal Semyon Timoshenko launch a major offensive from the Izium bridgehead (World War II).
1942 – 1,500 Jews are sent to gas chambers in Auschwitz.
1945 – José Peter, Argentinian labour leader, declares the Federación Obrera de la Industria de la Carne dissolved.
1949 – The Soviet Union lifts its blockade of Berlin.
1949 – The western occupying powers approve the Basic Law for the new German state: the Federal Republic of Germany.
1952 – Gaj Singh is crowned Maharaja of Jodhpur.
1958 – North American Aerospace Defense Command agreement is signed between the United States & Canada.
1962 – Douglas MacArthur delivers his valedictory speech at the United States Military Academy.
1965 – The Soviet spacecraft Luna 5 crashes on the Moon.
1965 – Diplomatic relations are established between West Germany & Israel.
1975 – Mayagüez incident - the Cambodian navy seizes the American merchant ship SS Mayaguez in international waters.
1981 – Francis Hughes starves to death in the Maze Prison - campaign for political prisoner status to be granted to Provisional IRA prisoners.
2002 – Former US President Jimmy Carter arrives in Cuba for a five-day visit with Fidel Castro.
2003 – The Riyadh compound bombings, carried out by Al Qaeda.
2006 – Mass unrest by the Primeiro Comando da Capital begins in São Paulo (Brazil).
2007 – Riots in Karachi take place upon the arrival in town of the Chief Justice of Pakistan Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry.
2008 – An earthquake (measuring around 8.0 magnitude) occurs in Sichuan, China, more than 69,000 people die.


Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 12 - Deaths

May 12th Details:
May 12th Deaths:
1003 – Pope Silvester II
1012 – Pope Sergius IV
1382 – Queen Joan I of Naples (b. 1327)
1465 – Thomas Palaeologus - Titular Byzantine emperor, Despot of the Morea (b. 1409)
1634 – George Chapman - English writer
1641 – Thomas Wentworth - Earl of Strafford, English statesman (b. 1593)
1684 – Edme Mariotte - French physicist & priest
1699 – Lucas Achtschellinck - Flemish painter (b. 1626)
1700 – John Dryden - English writer (b. 1631)
1708 – Adolf Friedrich II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (b. 1658)
1748 – Thomas Lowndes - English astronomer (b. 1692)
1759 – Lambert-Sigisbert Adam - French sculptor (b. 1700)
1784 – Abraham Trembley - Swiss naturalist (b. 1710)
1792 – Charles Simon Favart - French dramatist (b. 1710)
1796 – Johann Peter Uz - German poet (b. 1720)
1801 – Nicholas Repnin - Russian statesman (b. 1734)
1842 – Walenty Wańkowicz - Polish painter (b. 1799)
1845 – János Bacsanyi - Hungarian poet (b. 1763)
1856 – Jacques Philippe Marie Binet - French mathematician (b. 1786)
1859 – Sergei Aksakov - Russian writer (b. 1791)
1860 – Charles Barry - English architect (b. 1795)
1864 – J. E. B. Stuart - American soldier from Virginia & a Confederate Army general (b. 1833)
1867 – Friedrich William Eduard Gerhard - German archaeologist (b. 1795)
1871 – Anselme Payen - French physicist (b. 1795)
1876 – Georgi Benkovski - Bulgarian revolutionary, brutally killed by the Turks (b. 1843)
1884 – Bedřich Smetana - Czech composer (b. 1824)
1889 – John Cadbury - English chocolate entrepreneur (b. 1801)
1907 – Joris-Karl Huysmans - French author (b. 1848)
1916 – James Connolly - Irish socialist (b. 1868)
1925 – Amy Lowell - American poet (b. 1874)
1931 – Eugène Ysaÿe - Belgian violinist (b. 1858)
1935 – Józef Piłsudski - Polish statesman (b. 1867)
1944 – Max Brand - American author (b. 1892)
1944 – Arthur Quiller-Couch - English writer (b. 1863)
1956 – Louis Calhern - American actor (b. 1895)
1957 – Alfonso de Portago - Spanish bobsledder & race car driver (b. 1928)
1957 – Erich von Stroheim - film director & actor (b. 1885)
1963 – Bobby Kerr - Canadian runner (b. 1882)
1966 – Felix Martin Julius Steiner - German Heer & Waffen-SS officer (b. 1896)
1967 – John Masefield - British writer (b. 1878)
1970 – Nelly Sachs - German writer - Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1891)
1971 – Heinie Manush - American baseball player (b. 1901)
1973 – Art Pollard - American racecar driver (b. 1927)
1985 – Jean Dubuffet - French painter (b. 1901)
1986 – Elisabeth Bergner - Austrian actress (b. 1897)
1990 – Chen Kenmin - Japanese chef (b. 1912)
1992 – Robert Reed - American actor (b. 1932)
1992 – Nikos Gatsos - Greek poet & lyricist (b. 1911)
1992 – Lenny Montana - American actor (b. 1926)
1994 – Erik Erikson - German psychoanalyst (b. 1902)
1994 – John Smith - British Labour politician (b. 1938)
1995 – Mia Martini - Italian singer & songwriter (b. 1947)
1999 – Abd-al-Aziz ibn Abd-Allah ibn Baaz - Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia 1993-1999 (b. 1910)
1999 – Saul Steinberg - Romanian-American cartoonist (b. 1914)
2000 – Adam Petty - American race car driver (b. 1980)
2001 – Perry Como - American singer (b. 1912)
2001 – Alexei Tupolev - Russian aircraft designer (b. 1925)
2002 – Joseph Bonanno - Italian-born gangster (b. 1905)
2003 – Prince Sadruddin Aga Khan - French United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (b. 1933)
2005 – Martin Lings - English Islamic scholar (b. 1909)
2005 – Monica Zetterlund - Swedish actress & singer (b. 1937)
2006 – Hussein Maziq - Prime Minister of Libya (b. 1918)
2006 – Gillespie V. Montgomery - U.S. representative from Mississippi (b. 1920)
2007 – Mullah Dadullah Akhund - Afghani Taliban military leader
2007 – Teddy Infuhr - American former child actor (b. 1936)
2008 – Robert Rauschenberg - American artist (b. 1925)
2008 – Irena Sendler - Polish social worker, WWII heroine (b. 1910)
2009 – Antonio Vega - Spanish pop singer-songwriter (b. 1957)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 12 - Births

May 12th Details:
May 12th Births:
1401 – Emperor Shōkō - 101st Japanese Emperor (d. 1428)
1496 – Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1560)
1590 – Cosimo II de' Medici - Grand Duke of Tuscany (d. 1621)
1622 – Louis de Buade de Frontenac - Governor General of New France (d. 1698)
1626 – Louis Hennepin - Flemish missionary (d. 1705)
1670 – Frederick Augustus I of Poland (d. 1733)
1700 – Luigi Vanvitelli - Italian architect (d. 1773)
1725 – Louis Philippe I - Duke of Orléans (d. 1785)
1767 – Manuel de Godoy - Spanish statesman (d. 1851)
1803 – Justus von Liebig - German chemist (d. 1873)
1804 – Robert Baldwin - Canadian politician (d. 1858)
1806 – Johan Vilhelm Snellman - Finnish statesman (d. 1881)
1812 – Edward Lear - British author & poet (d. 1888)
1820 – Florence Nightingale - British nurse (d. 1910)
1828 – Dante Gabriel Rossetti - British painter (d. 1882)
1829 – Pavlos Carrer - Greek composer (d. 1896)
1840 – Alejandro Gorostiaga - Chilean military, participated on Battle of Huamachuco (d. 1912)
1842 – Jules Massenet - French composer (d. 1912)
1845 – Gabriel Fauré - French composer (d. 1924)
1850 – Henry Cabot Lodge - U.S. statesman (d. 1924)
1867 – Hugh Trumble - Australian cricketer (d. 1938)
1874 – Clemens von Pirquet - Austrian physician (d. 1929)
1880 – Lincoln Ellsworth - American scientist (d. 1951)
1885 – Paltiel Daykan - Russian-born Israeli jurist (d. 1969)
1889 – Otto Frank - father of Anne Frank (d. 1980)
1892 – Fritz Kortner - Austrian-born director (d. 1970)
1895 – William Giauque - American chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1982)
1895 – Jiddu Krishnamurti - Indian philosopher (d. 1986)
1899 – Indra Devi - Latvian Yoga Instructor (d. 2002)
1900 – Helene Weigel - German actress (d. 1971)
1900 – Joseph Rochefort - American Naval officer & cryptanalyst (d. 1976)
1903 – Wilfrid Hyde-White - British actor (d. 1991)
1907 – Leslie Charteris - British author & screenwriter (d. 1993)
1907 – Katharine Hepburn - American actress (d. 2003)
1910 – Charles B. Fulton - American jurist (d. 1996)
1910 – Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin - British biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
1912 – Archibald Cox - U.S. Solicitor General (d. 2004)
1914 – Bertus Aafjes - Dutch poet (d. 1993)
1914 – Howard K. Smith - American journalist (d. 2002)
1914 – James Bacon - American entertainment columnist & reporter
1916 – Albert Murray - American writer
1917 – Frank Clair - Canadian football coach (d. 2005)
1918 – Julius Rosenberg - American-born Soviet spy (d. 1953)
1918 – Mary Kay Ash - American businesswoman (d. 2001)
1921 – Joseph Beuys - German artist (d. 1986)
1921 – Farley Mowat - Canadian writer & naturalist
1922 – Marco Denevi - Argentine writer (d. 1998)
1924 – Alexander Esenin-Volpin - Russian mathematician
1924 – Tony Hancock - British comedian (d. 1968)
1924 – Maxine Cooper Gomberg - American actress (d. 2009)
1925 – Yogi Berra - American baseball player
1928 – Burt Bacharach - American composer
1928 – Henry Cosby - American songwriter (d. 2002)
1929 – Dollard St. Laurent - Canadian ice hockey player
1929 – Sam Nujoma - first President of Namibia
1930 – Jesús Franco - Spanish film director
1933 – Andrey Voznesensky - Russian poet
1935 – Felipe Alou - Dominican baseball player & manager
1935 – Johnny Bucyk - Canadian ice hockey player
1936 – Guillermo Endara - President of Panama (d. 2009)
1936 – Tom Snyder - American television personality (d. 2007)
1936 – Frank Stella - American painter
1937 – Beryl Burton - British cyclist (d. 1996)
1937 – George Carlin - American comedian (d. 2008)
1937 – Susan Hampshire - British actress
1938 – Millie Perkins - American film actress
1939 – Miltiadis Evert - Greek politician
1939 – Reg Gasnier - Australian Rugby League footballer
1939 – Ron Ziegler - U.S. White House Press Secretary (d. 2003)
1939 – Jalal Dabagh - Kurdish politician
1942 – Ian Dury - British musician (d. 2000)
1942 – Michel Fugain - French singer & songwriter
1942 – Billy Swan - American songwriter & singer
1945 – Alan Ball, Jr. - English footballer (d. 2007)
1945 – Nicky Henson - British actor
1945 – Ian McLagan - British keyboardist (Small Faces)
1945 – Patrick Ricard - French businessman
1946 – L. Neil Smith - American science fiction author
1946 – Daniel Libeskind - American architect
1947 – Michael Ignatieff - Canadian politician
1947 – Micheline Lanctôt - American film actor, director & screenwriter
1947 – Catherine Yronwode - American writer & editor
1948 – David Heineman - American politician, current governor of Nebraska
1948 – Joe Tasker - British mountaineer (d. 1982)
1948 – Steve Winwood - British musician (The Spencer Davis Group; Traffic)
1950 – Bruce Boxleitner - American actor
1950 – Gabriel Byrne - Irish actor
1950 – Billy Squier - American singer
1951 – George Karl - American basketball player & head coach
1953 – Kevin Grevey - American basketball player
1956 – Bernie Federko - Canadian ice hockey player
1956 – Glenn Robbins - Australian comedian
1956 – Asad Rauf - Pakistani cricket Umpire
1957 – Lou Whitaker - American baseball player
1958 – Andreas Petroulakis - Greek political caricaturist
1958 – Eric Singer - American drummer
1959 – Ving Rhames - American actor
1960 – Paul Arcand - Quebec radio host, journalist & film director
1960 – Ian Khan - British racing driver
1961 – Paul Begala - American political commentator
1961 – Billy Duffy - British guitarist (The Cult)
1961 – Thomas Dooley - German-American soccer player
1961 – Lar Park Lincoln - American actress
1961 – Bruce McCulloch - Canadian actor
1962 – Emilio Estevez - American actor
1962 – Brett Gurewitz - American songwriter (Bad Religion) & record producer (Epitaph Records)
1963 – Panagiotis Fasoulas - Greek basketball player, Mayor of Piraeus
1963 – Gavin Hood - South African film director
1963 – Stefano Modena - Italian racing driver
1963 – Charles Pettigrew - American singer (Charles & Eddie) (d. 2001)
1963 – Jerry Trimble - American actor
1963 – Deborah Kara Unger - Canadian actress
1963 – Vanessa A. Williams - American actress
1966 – Stephen Baldwin - American actor
1966 – Bebel Gilberto - Brazilian singer
1967 – Paul D'Amour - American bass guitarist (Tool)
1967 – Joe McKinney - Irish actor
1968 – Mark Clark - American baseball player
1968 – Tony Hawk - American skateboarder
1968 – Scott Schwartz - American actor
1968 – Catherine Tate - British comedian
1969 – Kim Fields - American actress
1969 – Kevin Nalty - American YouTube personality
1970 – Jim Furyk - American golfer
1970 – Mike Weir - Canadian golfer
1970 – Samantha Mathis - American actress
1970 – Steve Palframan - South African cricketer
1970 – Mark Foster - British swimmer
1971 – Doug Basham - American professional wrestler
1971 – Jamie Luner - American actress
1973 – Kendra Kassebaum - American stage actress
1973 – Travis Lutter - American mixed martial arts fighter
1973 – Robert Tinkler - Canadian voice actor
1975 – Jonah Lomu - New Zealand rugby union footballer
1975 – Lawrence Phillips - American football player
1977 – Lorena Bernal - Argentine/Spanish model & actress
1977 – Graeme Dott - British snooker player
1977 – Rebecca Herbst - American actress
1978 – Jason Biggs - American actor
1978 – Malin Akerman - Swedish-Canadian actress & model
1978 – Wilfred Le Bouthillier - Canadian singer
1978 – Aya Ishiguro - Japanese singer (Morning Musume)
1978 – Josh Phelps - American baseball player
1978 – Hossein Reza Zadeh - Iranian weightlifter
1979 – Andre Carter - American football player
1979 – Callum Chambers - Australian rules footballer
1979 – Robert Key - English Cricketer
1979 – Erdinç Saçan - Turkish-Dutch politician
1979 – Steve Smith - American football player
1979 – Aaron Yoo - Korean-American actor
1980 – Keith Bogans - American basketball player
1980 – Felipe Lopez - Puertorican baseball player
1981 – Kentaro Sato - Japanese composer
1981 – Rami Malek - American actor
1981 – Dennis Trillo - Filipino actor & singer
1983 – Charilaos Pappas - Greek footballer
1983 – Alina Kabayeva - Russian gymnast
1985 – Tally Hall - American footballer
1985 – Jeroen Simaeys - Belgian footballer
1986 – Emily VanCamp - Canadian actress
1986 – Mouhamed Sene - Senegalese basketball player
1988 – Marky Cielo - Filipino dancer & actor (d. 2008)
1988 – Marcelo Vieira da Silva Júnior - Brazilian footballer
1989 – Matthew Hann - American basketball player
1990 – Jacory Harris - American football player
1992 – Malcolm David Kelley - American actor
1995 – Luke Benward - American actor

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.