Saturday, 8 May 2010

May 8 - Summary

May 8th Summary:

May 8 - Events

May 8th Details:
May 8th Events:
589 – Reccared summons the Third Council of Toledo
1450 – Jack Cade's Rebellion - Kentishmen revolt against King Henry VI.
1541 – Hernando de Soto reaches the Mississippi River & names it Río de Espíritu Santo.
1788 – The French Parlement is suspended to be replaced by the creation of 47 new courts.
1794 – French chemist Antoine Lavoisier, was tried, convicted & guillotined (all on the same day) as a traitor during the Reign of Terror by revolutionists.
1821 – Greeks defeat the Turks at the Battle of Gravia - Greek War of Independence.
1846 – The Battle of Palo Alto – Zachary Taylor defeats a Mexican force north of the Rio Grande (Mexican-American War).
1861 – Richmond, Virginia is named the capital of the Confederate States of America (American Civil War).
1877 – First Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show opens (Gilmore's Gardens in New York City).
1886 – "Coca-Cola" (as it was later named) is invented by Pharmacist John Styth Pemberton.
1899 – The Irish Literary Theatre in Dublin opens.
1902 – Mount Pelée erupts in Martinique, destroying the town of Saint-Pierre.
1914 – Paramount Pictures is founded.
1919 – Edward George Honey proposes the idea of a moment of silence to commemorate The Armistice of World War I.
1927 – French war heroes Charles Nungesser & Francois Coli disappear after taking off aboard The White Bird biplane whilst attempting to make the first non-stop transatlantic flight from Paris to New York.
1933 – Mohandas Gandhi begins his 21-day fast in protest against British oppression in India.
1942 – The Battle of the Coral Sea comes to an end with Japanese Imperial Navy aircraft carrier aircraft attacking & sinking the United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Lexington (World War II).
1942 – Gunners of the Ceylon Garrison Artillery on Horsburgh Island in the Cocos Islands rebel in the Cocos Islands Mutiny (World War II).
1945 – Sétif massacre - 100s of Algerian civilians are killed by French Army soldiers.
1945 – V-E Day, combat ends in Europe - Germany agrees to an unconditional surrender.
1945 – End of the Prague uprising - now a national holiday in the Czech Republic.
1963 – Soldiers of Catholic South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem open fire on Buddhists defying a ban on the flying of the Buddhist flag on Vesak.
1967 – Philippine province of Davao is split into 3 - Davao del Norte, Davao del Sur, & Davao Oriental.
1970 – Hard Hat riot occurs in the Wall Street area of New York City as blue-collar construction workers clash with anti-war demonstrators protesting the Vietnam War.
1972 – U.S. President Richard M. Nixon announces his order to place mines in major North Vietnamese ports (Vietnam War).
1973 – Standoff between federal authorities & the American Indian Movement members occupying the Pine Ridge Reservation at Wounded Knee, South Dakota ends with the surrender of the militants.
1976 – First steel coaster with a vertical loop, opens at Six Flags Magic Mountain.
1978 – Reinhold Messner & Peter Habeler undertake the first ascent of Mount Everest without supplemental oxygen.
1980 – World Health Organization endorses the eradication of smallpox.
1984 – Soviet Union announces it's boycott of the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.
1984 – Thames Barrier officially opened.
1987 – Loughgall ambush - SAS kills 8 IRA members & 1 civilian, in Loughgall, Northern Ireland.
1988 – Fire at Illinois Bell's Hinsdale Central Office triggers an extended 1AESS network outage.
1997 – A China Southern Airlines Boeing 737 crashes on approach into Shenzhen's Huangtian Airport.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 8 - Deaths

May 8th Details:
May 8th Deaths:
1192 – Duke Ottokar IV of Styria (b. 1163)
1278 – Emperor Duanzong of China (b. 1268)
1319 – King Haakon V of Norway (b. 1270)
1473 – John Stafford - 1st Earl of Wiltshire, English politician (b. 1420)
1538 – Edward Fox - English bishop
1672 – Jean-Armand du Peyrer - Comte de Tréville & French Officer (b. 1598)
1766 – Samuel Chandler - English non-conformist minister (b. 1693)
1773 – Ali Bey Al-Kabir - Mamluk Sultan of Egypt (b. 1728)
1781 – Richard Jago - English poet (b. 1715)
1785 – Étienne François - duc de Choiseul, French statesman (b. 1719)
1785 – Pietro Longhi - Venetian painter (b. 1701)
1788 – Giovanni Antonio Scopoli - Italian-born physician & naturalist (b. 1723)
1794 – Antoine Lavoisier - French chemist (executed) (b. 1743)
1819 – Kamehameha I - King of Hawaii
1828 – Mauro Giuliani - Italian composer (b. 1781)
1837 – Alexander Balashov - Russian general & statesman (b. 1770)
1842 – Jules Dumont d'Urville - French explorer (b. 1790)
1853 – Jan Roothaan - Dutch priest (b. 1785)
1873 – John Stuart Mill - English philosopher (b. 1806)
1880 – Gustave Flaubert - French novelist (b. 1821)
1891 – Helena Blavatsky - Russian-born author (b. 1831)
1903 – Paul Gauguin - French painter (b. 1848)
1907 – Edmund G. Ross - American Senator (b. 1826)
1936 – Oswald Spengler - German historian & philosopher (b. 1880)
1943 – Mordechaj Anielewicz - Polish Resistance Fighter (b. 1919)
1945 – Wilhelm Rediess - SS & Police leader of Nazi-occupied Norway (b. 1900)
1945 – Bernhard Rust - Nazi education minister (b. 1883)
1945 – Josef Terboven - Reichskommissar of Nazi-occupied Norway (b. 1898)
1947 – Harry Gordon Selfridge - American-born department store founder (b. 1858)
1948 – U Saw - Burmese politician (b. 1900)
1950 – Vital Brazil - Brazilian physician (b. 1865)
1952 – William Fox - Austrian-born film producer (b. 1879)
1960 – J. H. C. Whitehead - British mathematician (b. 1904)
1967 – LaVerne Andrews - American singer (The Andrews Sisters) (b. 1911)
1969 – Remington Kellogg - American naturalist (b. 1892)
1975 – Avery Brundage - President of the International Olympic Committee (b. 1887)
1981 – Uri Zvi Grinberg - Israeli poet & journalist (b. 1896)
1982 – Neil Bogart - American record executive (b. 1943)
1982 – Gilles Villeneuve - Canadian race car driver (b. 1950)
1984 – Lila Bell Wallace - American magazine publisher (Reader's Digest) (b. 1890)
1984 – Gino Bianco - Brazilian racing driver (b. 1916)
1985 – Karl Marx - German composer (b. 1897)
1985 – Theodore Sturgeon - American science fiction writer (b. 1918)
1985 – Dolph Sweet - American actor (b. 1920)
1986 – Ernle Bradford - English historian & writer (b. 1922)
1987 – Doris Stokes - British psychic medium (b. 1920)
1988 – Robert A. Heinlein - American science fiction writer (b. 1907)
1990 – Luigi Nono - Italian composer (b. 1924)
1991 – Jean Langlais - French composer & pianist (b. 1907)
1991 – Rudolf Serkin - Austrian pianist (b. 1903)
1993 – Avram Davidson - American writer (b. 1923)
1994 – George Peppard - American actor (b. 1928)
1995 – Teresa Teng - Asian superstar (b. 1953)
1996 – Beryl Burton - English cyclist (b. 1937)
1996 – Dominguín - Spanish bullfighter (b. 1926)
1996 – Garth Williams - American illustrator (b. 1912)
1998 – Bebe Rebozo - American banker & Watergate figure (b. 1912)
1999 – Sir Dirk Bogarde - British actor (b. 1921)
1999 – Ed Gilbert - American actor (b. 1931)
1999 – Shel Silverstein - American poet (b. 1930)
1999 – Dana Plato - American actress (b. 1964)
2000 – Guadalupe "Pita" Amor - Mexican poet (b. 1918)
2000 – Alexander Chislenko - Russian-American transhumanist (b. 1959)
2000 – Henry Nicols - AIDS activist (b. 1973)
2001 – Koby Mandell - Israeli-American terror victim (b. 1987)
2005 – Nicolás Vuyovich - Argentine racing driver (b. 1981)
2006 – Iain Macmillan - Abbey Road photographer (b. 1938)
2008 – Eddy Arnold - Country music star (b. 1918)
2008 – François Sterchele - Belgian football player (b. 1982)
2009 – Dom DiMaggio - American baseball player (b. 1917)
2009 – Bud Shrake - American writer (b. 1931)
2010 – Andor Lilienthal - Hungarian & oldest ever chess grandndmaster (b. 1911)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 8 - Births

May 8th Details:
May 8th Births:
1326 – Joanna I of Auvergne - queen of France (d. 1360)
1460 – Frederick I - Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (d. 1536)
1521 – Petrus Canisius - Dutch Jesuit (d. 1597)
1587 – Victor Amadeus I - Duke of Savoy (d. 1637)
1622 – Claes Rålamb - Swedish statesman (d. 1698)
1629 – Niels Juel - Danish admiral (d. 1697)
1632 – Heino Heinrich Graf von Flemming - German marshal (d. 1706)
1653 – Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars - Marshall of France (d. 1734)
1668 – Alain-René Lesage - French writer (d. 1747)
1670 – Charles Beauclerk - 1st Duke of St Albans, English soldier (d. 1726)
1735 – Sir Nathaniel Dance-Holland - English painter (d. 1811)
1738 – Mikhail Kamensky - Russian general (d. 1809)
1753 – Miguel Hidalgo Mexican revolutionary (d. 1811)
1786 – Jean Vianney - French Catholic priest (d. 1859)
1821 – William Henry Vanderbilt - member of the Vanderbilt family (d. 1885)
1825 – George Bruce Malleson - Indian officer (d. 1898)
1828 – Jean Henri Dunant - Founder of the Red Cross; Nobel laureate (d. 1910)
1828 – Sharbel Makhluf - Lebanese monk (d. 1898)
1829 – Louis Moreau Gottschalk - American musician (d. 1869)
1835 – Bertalan Székely - Hungarian painter (d. 1910)
1839 – Adolphe-Basile Routhier - French Canadian lyricist (d. 1920)
1842 – Emil Christian Hansen - Danish physiologist (d. 1909)
1847 – Oscar Hammerstein I - American theater producer & impresario (d. 1919)
1850 – Ross Barnes - baseball player (d. 1915)
1853 – Dan Brouthers - baseball player (d. 1932)
1858 – John Meade Falkner - English novelist (d. 1932)
1859 – Johan Jensen - Danish mathematician (d. 1925)
1884 – Harry S. Truman - President of the United States (d. 1972)
1893 – Edd Roush - baseball player (d. 1988)
1893 – Teddy Wakelam - English sports broadcaster & rugby union player (d. 1963)
1893 – Francis Ouimet - American golfer & businessman (d. 1967)
1895 – James H. "Dutch" Kindelberger - American aerospace pioneer (d. 1962)
1895 – Fulton J. Sheen - American bishop (d. 1979)
1895 – Edmund Wilson - American writer (d. 1972)
1899 – Arthur Q. Bryan - American voice actor (d. 1959)
1899 – Friedrich Hayek - Nobel laureate (d. 1992)
1901 – Turkey Stearnes - baseball player (d. 1979)
1902 – Andre Michael Lwoff - Nobel laureate (d. 1994)
1903 – Fernandel - French actor (d. 1971)
1904 – John Snagge - British radio personality (d. 1996)
1905 – Red Nichols - American musician (d. 1965)
1906 – Roberto Rossellini - Italian director (d. 1977)
1910 – Andrew E. Svenson - American children's book author & publisher (d. 1975)
1910 – Mary Lou Williams - American singer (d. 1981)
1911 – Robert Johnson - American blues musician (d. 1938)
1913 – Bob Clampett - American animator (d. 1984)
1914 – Romain Gary - Polish writer (d. 1980)
1915 – Milton Meltzer - American writer (d. 2009)
1916 – João Havelange - Brazilian industrialist
1916 – Swami Chinmayananda - Indian spiritualist (d. 1993)
1919 – Lex Barker - American actor (d. 1973)
1920 – Saul Bass - American graphic designer (d. 1996)
1920 – Tom of Finland - Finnish fetish artist (d. 1991)
1920 – Sloan Wilson - American author (d. 2003)
1925 – Ali Hassan Mwinyi - President of Tanzania
1926 – David Attenborough - English naturalist
1926 – Don Rickles - American comedian
1927 – Chumy Chúmez - Spanish film director (d. 2003)
1928 – Theodore Sorenson - American writer
1929 – Claude Castonguay - Quebec politician
1929 – Miyoshi Umeki - Japanese-born Oscar-winning actress (d. 2007)
1930 – Heather Harper - Irish singer
1930 – Gary Snyder - American poet
1932 – Julieta Campos - Cuban-Mexican writer (d. 2007)
1932 – Phyllida Law - Scottish actress
1932 – Sonny Liston - American boxer (d. 1970)
1935 – Princess Elisabeth of Denmark - 7th in the Line of succession to the Danish Throne
1935 – Jack Charlton - English footballer
1937 – Carlos Gaviria Díaz - Colombian politician
1937 – Thomas Pynchon - American novelist
1937 – Mike Cuellar - baseball player (d. 2010)
1940 – Peter Benchley - American author (d. 2006)
1940 – Irwin Cotler - Canadian politician
1940 – Ricky Nelson - American singer (d. 1985)
1940 – Toni Tennille - American singer
1940 – Emilio Delgado - American actor
1941 – Mahmoud Ahmed - Ethiopian singer
1941 – John Fred - American singer (d. 2005)
1941 – Bill Lockyer - American politician
1942 – Terry Neill - Northern Irish footballer
1943 – Paul Samwell-Smith - British bassist (The Yardbirds)
1944 – Gary Glitter - English singer
1945 – Keith Jarrett - American musician
1946 – André Boulerice - Quebec politician
1947 – H. Robert Horvitz - Nobel laureate
1948 – Felicity Lott - English singer
1948 – Steve Braun - baseball player
1948 – Stephen Stohn - Canadian television producer (Degrassi)
1950 – Robert Mugge - American music documentary film maker
1951 – Philip Bailey - American singer (Earth, Wind & Fire)
1951 – Mike D'Antoni - NBA coach (New York Knicks)
1951 – Chris Frantz - American musician (Talking Heads)
1953 – Alex Van Halen - Dutch drummer (Van Halen)
1953 – Billy Burnette - American singer & guitarist (Fleetwood Mac)
1954 – Stephen Furst - American actor
1954 – David Keith - American actor
1956 – Jeff Wincott - Canadian actor
1957 – Bill Cowher - American football coach
1957 – Marie Myriam - French singer
1958 – Lovie Smith - American football coach
1959 – Ronnie Lott - American football player
1960 – Franco Baresi - Italian footballer
1960 – Eric Brittingham - American bassist
1961 – Janet McTeer - British actress
1961 – David Winning - Canadian film director
1961 – Akira Taue - Japanese professional wrestler
1963 – Terry Christian - British radio presenter
1963 – Sylvain Cossette - Quebec singer & songwriter
1963 – Anthony Field - Australian musician & actor
1963 – Robin Jarvis - British writer
1963 – Izabela Kloc - Polish politician
1964 – Melissa Gilbert - American actress
1964 – Bobby Labonte - American race car driver
1964 – Dave Rowntree - British musician (Blur)
1965 – Shalom Tikva - Israeli football player
1966 – Claudio Taffarel - Brazilian footballer
1966 – Marta Sánchez - Spanish singer
1968 – Jamie Summers - American porn star
1968 – Johan Pehrson - Swedish politician
1968 – Nathalie Normandeau - Quebec politician
1969 – Akebono Taro - sumo wrestler
1970 – Luis Enrique - Spanish football player
1972 – Darren Hayes - Australian singer
1972 – Ray Whitney - Canadian ice hockey player
1973 – Hiromu Arakawa - Japanese artist
1973 – Marcus Brigstocke - English comedian
1973 – Kris Hudson-Lee - English musician
1974 – Jon Tickle - English entertainer
1974 – Korey Stringer - American football player (d. 2001)
1975 – Enrique Iglesias - Spanish singer
1975 – Jussi Markkanen - Finnish ice hockey player
1975 – Gastón Mazzacane - Argentine racing driver
1976 – Martha Wainwright - Canadian musician & songwriter
1976 – Ian "H" Watkins - pop singer (Steps)
1977 – Theodoros Papaloukas - Greek basketball player
1977 – Jennifer Walcott - American glamor model
1978 – Jang Woo Hyuk - Korean singer
1978 – Matthew Davis - American actor
1978 – Lúcio - Brazilian footballer
1978 – Josie Maran - American model
1980 – Panayiotis Kafkis - Greek basketball player
1980 – Michelle McManus - Scottish singer
1980 – Benny Yau - Canadian entertainer
1981 – Andrea Barzagli - Italian footballer
1981 – Björn Dixgård - Swedish guitarist, singer, songwriter
1981 – Yasuko Tajima - Japanese swimmer
1981 – John Maine - American baseball player
1982 – Adrian Gonzalez - American baseball player
1982 – Buakaw Por. Pramuk - Muay-thai & K-1 fighter
1983 – Matt Willis - British singer (Busted)
1984 – Nadine Chandrawinata - Indonesian beauty pageant contestant
1985 – Mashio Miyazaki - Japanese actress
1986 – Marvell Wynne - American footballer
1987 – Felix Jones - American football player

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.