Tuesday, 4 May 2010

May 4 - Summary

May 4th Summary:

May 4 - Events

May 4th Details:
May 4th Events:
1256 – The mendicant Order of Saint Augustine is constituted at the Lecceto Monastery - following Pope Alexander IV's issue of a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae.
1343 – The 4 Estonian kings are murdered at the negotiations with the Livonian Order.
1415 – The religious reformers John Wycliffe & Jan Hus are condemned as heretics at the Council of Constance.
1471 – The Battle of Tewkesbury - Edward IV defeats a Lancastrian Army & kills Edward, Prince of Wales (Wars of the Roses).
1493 – Pope Alexander VI gives most of the New World to Spain via the papal bull Inter caetera.
1626 – Dutch explorer Peter Minuit arrives in New Netherland (the present day Manhattan Island) aboard the See Meeuw.
1675 – Construction of the Royal Greenwich Observatory ordered by King Charles II of England.
1686 – The municipality of Ilagan is founded in the Philippines.
1776 – Rhode Island - first American colony to renounce allegiance to King George III.
1799 – The Battle of Seringapatam - The siege of Seringapatam ends when the city is assaulted & the Tipu Sultan killed by the besieging British army (Fourth Anglo-Mysore War).
1814 – Emperor Napoleon I of France comes to Portoferraio (on island of Elba) to begin his exile.
1814 – King Ferdinand VII of Spain signs the Decrete of the 4th of May - this returns Spain to absolutism.
1855 – William Walker departs from San Francisco with about 60 men to conquer Nicaragua.
1859 – The Cornwall Railway opens across the Royal Albert Bridge - this links the English counties of Devon & Cornwall.
1869 – Naval Battle of Hakodate in Japan.
1886 – Haymarket Square Riot - a bomb is thrown at policemen trying to break up a labor rally in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
1904 – Panama Canal construction begins by the United States.
1904 – Charles Stewart Rolls & Frederick Henry Royce meet at the Midland Hotel in Manchester, England.
1910 – The Royal Canadian Navy is created.
1912 – Italy occupies the Greek island of Rhodes.
1919 – May Fourth Movement - Student demonstrations take place in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China, protesting the Treaty of Versailles, which transferred Chinese territory to Japan.
1932 – Al Capone begins serving an 11-year prison sentence for tax evasion.
1942 – Battle of the Coral Sea begins with an attack by aircraft from the United States aircraft carrier USS Yorktown on Japanese naval forces at Tulagi Island in the Solomon Islands (World War II).
1945 – British forces liberate Neuengamme concentration camp near Hamburg (World War II).
1945 – North Germany Army surrenders to Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery (World War II).
1946 – U.S. Marines from Treasure Island Navy Base stop a 2-day riot at Alcatraz federal prison.
1949 – Torino football team is killed in a plane crash at the Superga hill at the edge of Turin, Italy.
1953 – Ernest Hemingway is awarded the Pulitzer Prize for 'The Old Man & the Sea'.
1961 – The "Freedom Riders" begin a bus trip through the South (American civil rights movement).
1970 – Kent State shootings: the Ohio National Guard, sent to Kent State University after disturbances in the city of Kent the weekend before - the students were protesting the United States' invasion of Cambodia.
1972 – The Don't Make A Wave Committee, officially changes its name to "Greenpeace Foundation".
1979 – Margaret Thatcher becomes the first female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1987 – United States Supreme Court building - becomes a designated National Historic Landmark.
1988 – The PEPCON disaster rocks Henderson, Nevada.
1989 – Iran-Contra Affair - Oliver North is convicted of 3 crimes & acquitted of 9 other charges.
1990 – Latvia proclaims the renewal of its independence.
1994 – Yitzhak Rabin & PLO leader Yasser Arafat sign the Oslo accords regarding Palestinian self-rule in the Gaza Strip & Jericho.
1998 – "Unabomber" Theodore Kaczynski receives 4 life sentences plus 30 years after he accepts a plea agreement sparing him from the death penalty.
2002 – An EAS Airlines BAC 1-11-500 crashes in a suburb of Kano, Nigeria.
2007 – Greensburg, Kansas is almost completely destroyed by a 1.7mi wide EF-5 tornado.

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 4 - Deaths

May 4th Details:
May 4th Deaths:
1436 – Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson - Swedish statesman
1471 – Edward of Westminster - Prince of Wales (b. 1453)
1471 – Edmund Beaufort - 4th Duke of Somerset, English military commander
1506 – Husayn Bayqarah - ruler of Herat (b. 1438)
1519 – Lorenzo II de' Medici - Duke of Urbino (b. 1492)
1566 – Luca Ghini - Italian physician & botanist (b. 1490)
1615 – Adriaan van Roomen - Flemish mathematician (b. 1561)
1626 – Arthur Lake - Bishop of Bath & Wells, English bishop & Bible translator (b. 1569)
1677 – Isaac Barrow - English mathematician (b. 1630)
1684 – John Nevison - English highwayman (b. 1639)
1729 – Louis-Antoine - Cardinal de Noailles, French cardinal (b. 1651)
1734 – James Thornhill - English painter
1737 – Eustace Budgell - English writer (b. 1686)
1774 – Anthony Ulrich II - Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (b. 1714)
1776 – Jacques Saly - French sculptor (b. 1717)
1790 – Matthew Tilghman - American delegate to the Continental Congress (b. 1718)
1799 – Tipu Sultan - Indian military leader (b. 1750)
1811 – Nikolay Kamensky - Russian general (b. 1776)
1824 – Joseph Joubert - French essayist & moralist (b. 1754)
1849 – Hokusai - Japanese artist (b. 1760)
1858 – Aimé Bonpland - French explorer & botanist (b. 1773)
1859 – Joseph Diaz Gergonne - French mathematician (b. 1771)
1880 – Edward Clark - Governor of Texas (b. 1815)
1901 – John Jones Ross - Canadian politician (b. 1831)
1903 – Goce Delchev - a revolutionary from the Balkans – leader of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization (b. 1872)
1916 – Joseph Mary Plunkett - Irish revolutionary (b. 1887)
1919 – Milan Rastislav Štefánik - Slovak politician, French general & astronomer (b. 1880)
1922 – Viktor Kingissepp - Estonian Bolshevik politician (b. 1888)
1937 – Noel Rosa - Brazilian songwriter (b. 1910)
1938 – Carl von Ossietzky - German pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1889)
1945 – Fedor von Bock - German field marshal (b. 1880)
1955 – George Enescu - Romanian composer (b. 1881)
1961 – Maurice Merleau-Ponty - French philosopher (b. 1908)
1961 – Anita Stewart - American film actress (b. 1895)
1969 – Osbert Sitwell - English writer (b. 1892)
1970 – Allison Krause - Kent State victim (b. 1951)
1970 – Jeffrey Miller - Kent State victim (b. 1950)
1970 – Sandra Scheuer - Kent State victim (b. 1949)
1970 – William Schroeder - Kent State victim (b. 1950)
1971 – Seamus Elliott - Irish cyclist (b. 1934)
1972 – Edward Calvin Kendall - American chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1886)
1973 – Jane Bowles - American writer & playwright (b. 1917)
1975 – Moe Howard - American actor & comedian (b. 1897)
1980 – Josip Broz Tito - President of Yugoslavia (b. 1892)
1984 – Bob Clampett - American cartoonist (b. 1913)
1984 – Diana Dors - British actress (b. 1931)
1985 – Clarence Wiseman - the 10th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1907)
1987 – Paul Butterfield - American blues harmonica player (b. 1942)
1990 – Emily Remler American jazz guitarist (b.1957)
1992 – Gregor Mackenzie - Labour Party (UK) politician (b. 1927)
2001 – Bonnie Lee Bakley - American murder victim (b. 1956)
2005 – David Hackworth - U.S. Army officer & military journalist (b. 1930)
2009 – Dom DeLuise - American comedian & actor (b. 1933)

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.

May 4 - Births

May 4th Details:
May 4th Births:
1008 – Khajeh Abdollah Ansari - The Persian Sufi (d. 1088)
1008 – King Henry I of France (d. 1060)
1649 – Maharaja Chhatrasal (d. 1731)
1654 – Kangxi Emperor of China (d. 1722)
1655 – Bartolomeo Cristofori - Italian maker of musical instruments (d. 1731)
1677 – Françoise-Marie de Bourbon - daughter of Louis XIV & Madame de Montespan, wife of Philippe d'Orléans (d. 1749)
1715 – Richard Graves - English writer (d. 1804)
1733 – Jean-Charles de Borda - French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, & sailor (d. 1799)
1752 – John Brooks - 11th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1825)
1767 – Tyagaraja - Composer of Indian classical Carnatic music (d. 1847)
1772 – Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus - German publisher (d. 1823)
1781 – Karl Christian Friedrich Krause - German philosopher (d. 1832)
1796 – Horace Mann - American educator (d. 1859)
1796 – William H. Prescott - American historian (d. 1859)
1820 – Julia Tyler - First Lady of the United States (d. 1889)
1822 – Charles Boucher de Boucherville - Quebec politician (d. 1915)
1825 – Thomas Henry Huxley - English scientist (d. 1895)
1825 – Augustus Le Plongeon - French antiquitarian (d. 1908)
1826 – Frederic Edwin Church - American painter (d. 1900)
1827 – John Hanning Speke - British explorer (d. 1864)
1852 – Alice Pleasance Liddell - English schoolgirl model for Alice in Wonderland (d. 1934)
1864 – Marie Booth - the third daughter of William & Catherine Booth (d. 1937)
1870 – Alexandre Benois - Russian artist (d. 1960)
1873 – Joe De Grasse - Canadian film director (d. 1940)
1889 – Francis Cardinal Spellman - American religious leader (d. 1967)
1903 – Luther Adler - American stage actor (d. 1984)
1904 – Umm Kulthum - Egyptian singer (official date of birth) (d. 1975)
1907 – Lincoln Kirstein - American impresario (d. 1996)
1913 – Lady Katherine Brandram - née Princess of Greece & Denmark (d. 2007)
1913 – Hisaya Morishige - Japanese actor (d. 2009)
1916 – Jane Jacobs - American-Canadian author & activist (d. 2006)
1918 – Tanaka Kakuei - Japanese political leader (d. 1993)
1918 – Thomas Mead - Australian politician & journalist (d. 2004)
1919 – Dory Funk - Professional wrestler (d. 1973)
1921 – Edo Murtić - Croatian painter (d. 2005)
1923 – Ed Cassidy - American musician (Spirit)
1923 – Stanley Biber - American physician, noted for practicing transsexual surgery (d. 2006)
1923 – Eric Sykes - British actor & comedian
1923 – Godfrey Quigley - British actor (d. 1994)
1923 – Assi Rahbani - Lebanese composer & author (d. 1986)
1925 – Maurice R. Greenberg - American businessman
1927 – Terry Scott - British actor (d. 1994)
1928 – Maynard Ferguson - Canadian musician (d. 2006)
1928 – Hosni Mubarak - President of Egypt
1928 – Wolfgang von Trips - German racing driver (d. 1961)
1929 – Audrey Hepburn - Anglo-Dutch actress (d. 1993)
1929 – Sidney Lamb - American linguist
1930 – Roberta Peters - American soprano
1930 – Katherine Jackson - mother of the Jackson musical family
1930 – Ron Pickering - athletics coach & BBC sports commentator & presenter (d. 1991)
1931 – Gennady Rozhdestvensky - Russian conductor
1931 – Thomas Stuttaford - British doctor & writer
1933 – J. Fred Duckett - Texan sports announcer & teacher (d. 2007)
1935 – Mr. Fuji - American professional wrestler
1936 – El Cordobés - Spanish matador
1937 – Ron Carter - American jazz bassist
1937 – Dick Dale - American guitarist
1938 – Tyrone Davis - American soul singer (d. 2005)
1938 – Carlos Monsiváis - Mexican writer
1939 – Paul Gleason - American actor (d. 2006)
1939 – Amos Oz - Israeli writer, novelist, & journalist
1939 – Léon Rochefort - Quebec ice hockey player
1940 – Robin Cook - American novelist
1940 – Sean Barrett - British voice actor
1941 – George Will - American writer & political pundit
1942 – Nickolas Ashford - American record producer, songwriter, & musician (Ashford & Simpson)
1943 – Mikhail Chemiakin - Russian painter
1943 – Georgi Asparuhov - Bulgarian footballer
1945 – Narasimhan Ram - Indian journalist
1946 – John Watson - Northern Irish racecar driver
1946 – Gary Bauer - American politician, former presidential candidate
1947 – Richard Jenkins - American actor
1948 – Hurley Haywood - American race car driver, & three-time winner of the 24 Hours of Le Mans
1949 – John Force - American race car driver
1949 – Stella Parton - American country music singer
1949 – Graham Swift - British author
1950 – Darryl Hunt - English musician (The Pogues)
1951 – Colin Bass - British bassist (Camel)
1951 – Jackie Jackson - American singer & musician (The Jackson 5)
1951 – Gérard Jugnot - French actor, film director, screenwriter & producer
1951 – Mick Mars - American guitarist (Mötley Crüe)
1951 – Tirso Cruz III - Filipino actor & singer
1952 – Michael Barrymore - English comedian, actor, quiz master & entertainer
1953 – Oleta Adams - American singer
1953 – Salman Hashimikov - Soviet heavyweight wrestler
1954 – Pia Zadora - American actress
1954 – Ryan Cayabyab - Filipino musician & composer
1954 – Rey Valera - Filipino singer & songwriter
1955 – Lynne Spears - author & mother of Britney Spears, Bryan Spears & Jamie Lynn Spears
1955 – Robert Ellis Orrall - American singer
1955 – Avram Grant - Israeli football manager
1956 – David Guterson - American author
1956 – Ulrike Meyfarth - German athlete
1956 – Ken Oberkfell - American baseball player
1958 – Delbert Fowler - American football player
1958 – Keith Haring - American graphical artist (d. 1990)
1958 – Antonis Minou - Greek footballer
1959 – Scott Armstrong - American professional wrestling referee
1959 – Inger Nilsson - Swedish actress
1959 – Randy Travis - American musician
1960 – Andrew Denton - Australian television presenter & comedian
1960 – Werner Faymann - Chancellor of Austria
1961 – Luis Herrera - Colombian cyclist
1961 – Jay Aston - British singer, star of Bucks Fizz
1961 – Ishita Bhaduri - Indian (Bengali) poet
1964 – Mónica Bardem - Spanish actress
1964 – Gary Hold - American guitarist (Exodus)
1964 – Zsuzsa Mathe - Hungarian painter & visual artist, founder of transrealism
1964 – Rocco Siffredi - Italian porn actor
1966 – Jane McGrath - co-founder of the McGrath Foundation for breast cancer (d. 2008)
1967 – Ana Gasteyer - American actress
1967 – Kate Garraway - English TV presenter
1968 – Julian Barratt - English comedian & musician, one half of The Mighty Boosh
1969 – Micah Aivazoff - Canadian ice hockey player
1969 – Ryan Shamrock - American wrestling valet
1970 – Gregg Alexander - American musician (New Radicals)
1970 – Paul Wiseman - New Zealand cricketer
1970 – Will Arnett - Canadian actor
1971 – Joe Borowski - American baseball player
1971 – Rudresh Mahanthappa - Indian-american jazz musician
1971 – Luiz Garcia, Jr. - Brazilian racing driver
1972 – Manny Aybar - Dominican baseball player
1972 – Mike Dirnt - American musician (Green Day)
1972 – Chris Tomlin - American musician
1973 – Guillermo Barros Schelotto - Argentine footballer
1973 – John Madden - Canadian ice hockey player
1974 – Miguel Cairo - Venezuelan baseball player
1975 – Laci Peterson - American murder victim (d. 2002)
1976 – Ben Grieve - American baseball player
1976 – Jason Michaels - American baseball player
1977 – Nestoras Kommatos - Greek basketball player
1977 – Spencer Krug - Canadian musician (Wolf Parade)
1977 – Emily Perkins - Canadian actress
1977 – Mariano Pernía - Argentine-Spanish footballer
1978 – Shaenon K. Garrity - American webcomics writer & artist
1978 – Brett Burton - Australian football player
1978 – Erin Andrews - ESPN sideline reporter
1979 – Lance Bass - American singer (*NSYNC)
1979 – Wes Butters - British broadcaster
1979 – Lesley Vainikolo - Tongan born rugby union & rugby league player
1979 – Doug Bresler - music video director
1980 – Andrew Raycroft - Canadian ice hockey player
1981 – Eric Djemba-Djemba - Cameroon footballer
1982 – Kleopas Giannou - Greek footballer
1982 – Hector King - Mexican singer-songwriter
1982 – Markus Rogan - Austrian swimmer
1982 – Giorgos Tsiaras - Greek basketball player
1983 – Trisha Krishnan - Indian actress
1983 – Derek Roy - Canadian ice hockey player
1984 – Manjural Islam - Bangladeshi test cricket player (d. 2007)
1984 – Little Boots - British singer
1984 – Kevin Slowey - American baseball player
1984 – Montell Owens - American football player
1984 – Will Pugh - American musician (Cartel)
1985 – Anthony Fedorov - American singer
1985 – Ravinder Bopara - English cricketer
1986 – George Hill - American basketball player
1987 – Cesc Fàbregas - Spanish footballer
1987 – Jorge Lorenzo - Spanish motorcycle racer
1987 – Anjeza Shahini - Albanian singer
1989 – Rory McIlroy - Northern Irish golfer
1989 – Aris Tatarounis - Greek basketball player
1992 – Courtney Jines - American actress
1994 – Pauline Ducruet - daughter of HSH Princess Stéphanie of Monaco
1994 – Alexander Gould - American actor
2009 – Prince Henrik of Denmark - Danish royalty

Posted by ALCHEssMIST & Alchemipedia.