Wednesday, 11 August 2010

August 11 - Events

August 11th Details:
  • August 11th Summary
  • August 11th Births
  • August 11th Deaths
  • August 11th Events
August 11th Events:
3114 BC – The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations, notably the Mayans, begins.
2492 BC – Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation.
480 BC – Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Artemisium – the Persians win a naval victory over the Greeks in an engagement fought near Artemisium, a promontory on the north coast of Euboea.
355 – Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.
1755 – Charles Lawrence gives expulsion orders to remove the Acadians from Nova Scotia beginning the Great Upheaval.
1786 – Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia
1804 – Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria.
1858 – The Eiger in the Bernese Alps is ascended for the first time by Charles Barrington accompanied by Christian Almer and Peter Bohren.
1898 – Spanish-American War: American troops enter the city of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico.
1918 – World War I: the Battle of Amiens ends.
1919 – The constitution of the Weimar Republic is adopted.
1920 – The Latvia-Bolshevist Russia peace treaty, which relinquished Russia's authority and pretenses to Latvia, is signed.
1929 – Babe Ruth becomes the first baseball player to hit 500 home runs in his career with a home run at League Park in Cleveland, Ohio.
1934 – The first civilian prisoners arrive at the Federal prison on Alcatraz Island.
1942 – Actress Hedy Lamarr and composer George Antheil receive a patent for a frequency hopping, spread spectrum communication system that later became the basis for modern technologies in wireless telephones and Wi-Fi.
1952 – Hussein is proclaimed King of Jordan.
1960 – Chad declares independence.
1965 – Race riots (the Watts riots) begin in the Watts area of Los Angeles, California.
1972 – Vietnam War: the last United States ground combat unit departs South Vietnam.
1975 – East Timor: Governor Mário Lemos Pires of Portuguese Timor abandons the capital Dili, following a coup by the Timorese Democratic Union (UDT) and the outbreak of civil war between UDT and Fretilin.
1982 – A bomb explodes on Pan Am Flight 830, en route from Tokyo to Honolulu, killing one teenager and injuring 15 passengers.
1999 – The Salt Lake City Tornado tears through the downtown district of the city, killing one.
2003 – NATO takes over command of the peacekeeping force in Afghanistan, marking its first major operation outside Europe in its 54-year-history.
2003 – Jemaah Islamiyah leader Riduan Isamuddin, better known as Hambali, is arrested in Bangkok, Thailand.
2003 – A heat wave in Paris results in temperatures rising to 112 °F (44 °C), leaving about 144 people dead.

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Tuesday, 10 August 2010

August 10 - Deaths

August 10th Details:
August 10 Deaths:
258 – Lawrence of Rome (Saint Lawrence) - Spanish-born deacon of Rome (martyred) (b. 225)
1535 – Ippolito de' Medici - ruler of Florence (b. 1509)
1637 – Johann Gerhard - German Lutheran leader (b. 1582)
1653 – Maarten Tromp - Dutch admiral (b. 1598)
1655 – Alfonso de la Cueva - marqués de Bedmar, Spanish cardinal & diplomat (b. 1572)
1723 – Guillaume Dubois - French cardinal & statesman (b. 1656)
1759 – King Ferdinand VI of Spain (b. 1713)
1784 – Allan Ramsay - Scottish painter (b. 1713)
1802 – Franz Aepinus - German natural philosopher (b. 1724)
1806 – Michael Haydn - Austrian composer (b. 1737)
1839 – John St Aubyn - British fossil collector (b. 1758)
1862 – Honinbo Shusaku - Japanese Go player (b. 1829)
1875 – Karl Andree - German geographer (b. 1808)
1896 – Otto Lilienthal - German aviation pioneer (b. 1848)
1915 – Henry Moseley - English physicist (b. 1887)
1918 – Erich Loewenhardt - German flying ace (b. 1897)
1920 – Ádám Politzer - Hungarian-Austrian physician (b. 1835)
1928 – Rex Cherryman - American actor (b. 1897)
1929 – Pierre Fatou - French mathematician (b. 1878)
1932 – Rin Tin Tin - German shepherd dog, the first famous dog of that name (b. 1918)
1945 – Robert H. Goddard - American rocket scientist (b. 1882)
1948 – Kwan-Ichi Asakawa - Japanese historian (b. 1873)
1948 – Andrew Brown - Scottish football coach (b. 1870)
1948 – Montague Summers - English writer (b. 1880)
1958 – Frank Demaree - American baseball player (b. 1910)
1963 – Estes Kefauver - American politician (b. 1903)
1963 – Ernst Wetter - member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1877)
1969 – Leno LaBianca - American businessman (b. 1925)
1969 – Rosemary LaBianca - American housewife (b. 1930)
1976 – Bert Oldfield - Australian cricketer (b. 1894)
1979 – Walter Gerlach - German physicist (b. 1889)
1979 – Dick Foran - American actor (b. 1910)
1980 – Yahya Khan - Pakistani politician (b. 1917)
1982 – Anderson Bigode Herzer - Brazilian writer & poet (b. 1962)
1986 – Alan Rouse - British mountaineer (b. 1951)
1993 – Euronymous (Øystein Aarseth) - Norwegian guitarist (Mayhem) (b. 1968)
1987 – Georgios Athanasiadis-Novas - Greek lawyer & politician, the 163rd Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1893)
1997 – Conlon Nancarrow - American composer (b. 1912)
1997 – Jean-Claude Lauzon - Quebec film director (b. 1953)
1999 – Paṇḍit Baldev Upadhyaya - Indian Sanskrit scholar (b. 1899)
2000 – Gilbert Parkhouse - English cricketer (b. 1925)
2001 – Lou Boudreau - American baseball player & manager (b. 1917)
2002 – Michael Houser - American guitarist (Widespread Panic) (b. 1962)
2002 – Kristen Nygaard - Norwegian computer scientist (b. 1926)
2003 – Carmita Jiménez - Puerto Rican singer (b. c. 1944)
2007 – Henry Cabot Lodge Bohler - American military pilot & civil rights activist (b. 1925)
2007 – James E. Faust - American religious figure (b. 1920)
2007 – Tony Wilson - British music personality & broadcaster (b. 1950)
2007 – Chris Reyka - American law enforcement official (b. 1956)
2008 – Isaac Hayes - American singer-songwriter, keyboardist & actor (b. 1942)

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Sunday, 1 August 2010

August 1 - Summary

August 1st Summary:

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August 1 - Deaths

August 1st Details:
August 1 Deaths:
30 BC – Mark Antony - Roman politician & general (b. 83 BC)
371 – St Eusebius of Vercelli - Italian bishop (b. 283)
527 – Emperor Justin I (b. 450)
1137 – King Louis VI of France (b. 1081)
1227 – Shimazu Tadahisa - Japanese warlord (b. 1179)
1252 – Giovanni da Pian del Carpine - Italian explorer (b. c.1180)
1402 – Edmund of Langley - 1st Duke of York, son of Edward III of England (b. 1341)
1457 – Lorenzo Valla - Italian humanist (b. c.1406)
1464 – Cosimo de' Medici - ruler of Florence (b. 1386)
1541 – Simon Grynaeus - German theologian (b. 1493)
1546 – Peter Faber - French Jesuit theologian (b. 1506)
1557 – Olaus Magnus - Swedish writer (b. 1490)
1580 – Albrecht Giese - German politician & diplomat (b. 1524)
1589 – Jacques Clément - French assassin of Henry III of France (b. 1567)
1675 – Weetamoo - sachem of Pocasetts, a band of the Wampanoag Indians her death winding up the end of King Philip's War (b. 1635)
1714 – Queen Anne of Great Britain (b. 1665)
1787 – Alphonsus Liguori - Italian founder of the Redemptionist order (b. 1696)
1795 – Clas Bjerkander - Swedish meteorologist, botanist, & entomologist(b. 1735)
1796 – Robert Pigot - British army officer (b. 1720)
1798 – François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers - French admiral (killed in battle) (b. 1753)
1807 – John Walker - British lexicographer (b. 1732)
1812 – Yakov Kulnev - Russian general (killed in battle) (b. 1763)
1851 – William Joseph Behr - German writer (b. 1775)
1866 – John Ross (aka. Kooweskoowe) - Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation (b. 1790)
1903 – Calamity Jane - American frontierswoman (b. 1853)
1911 – Samuel Arza Davenport - American politician (b. 1843)
1911 – Edwin Austin Abbey - American painter (b. 1852)
1917 – Frank Little - American labor organizer (lynched) (b. 1879)
1918 – John Riley Banister - American cowboy & Texas Ranger (b. 1854)
1920 – Bal Gangadhar Tilak - Indian nationalist leader (b. 1856)
1929 – Syd Gregory - Australian cricketer (b. 1870)
1938 – John Aasen - American actor (b. 1890)
1943 – Lydia Litvyak - Soviet female flying ace (b. 1921)
1944 – Manuel L. Quezon - First President of the Philippine Commonwealth (b. 1878)
1964 – Johnny Burnette - American singer (b. 1934)
1966 – Charles Whitman - American mass murderer (shot by police) (b. 1941)
1967 – Richard Kuhn - Austrian chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1900)
1970 – Frances Farmer - American actress (b. 1913)
1970 – Otto Heinrich Warburg - German physician & physiologist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1883)
1973 – Gian Francesco Malipiero - Italian composer (b. 1882)
1973 – Walter Ulbricht - German communist statesman (b. 1893)
1974 – Ildebrando Antoniutti - Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1898)
1977 – Gary Powers - American spy plane pilot (b. 1929)
1980 – Patrick Depailler - French Formula 1 driver (b. 1944)
1980 – Strother Martin - American actor (b. 1919)
1981 – Paddy Chayefsky - American writer (b. 1923)
1989 – John Ogdon - British pianist (b. 1937)
1990 – Norbert Elias - German sociologist (b. 1897)
1990 – Graham Young - British serial killer (b. 1947)
1996 – Frida Boccara - French singer (b. 1940)
1996 – Tadeus Reichstein - Polish chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1897)
1996 – Lucille Teasdale-Corti - Canadian physician & international aid worker (b. 1929)
1997 – Sviatoslav Richter - Ukrainian pianist (b. 1915)
1998 – Eva Bartok - Hungarian-born actress (b. 1927)
1999 – Nirad C. Chaudhuri - Indian-born writer (b. 1897)
2001 – Korey Stringer - American football player (b. 1974)
2003 – Guy Thys - Belgian football coach (b. 1922)
2003 – Marie Trintignant - French actress (b. 1962)
2004 – Philip Abelson - American physicist (b. 1913)
2005 – Al Aronowitz - American music journalist (b. 1928)
2005 – King Fahd of Saudi Arabia (b. 1923)
2005 – Constant Nieuwenhuys - Dutch painter (b. 1920)
2005 – Wibo - Dutch cartoonist (b. 1918)
2006 – Jason Rhoades - American installation artist (b. 1965)
2006 – Bob Thaves - American cartoonist (b. 1924)
2006 – Iris Marion Young - American feminist & political scientist (b. 1949)
2007 – Tommy Makem - Irish folk singer (b. 1932)
2008 – Harkishan Singh Surjeet - Indian politician (b. 1916)
2009 – Corazon Aquino - Former President of the Philippines (b. 1933)
2010 – Lolita Lebrón - Puerto Rican terrorist (b. 1919)

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August 1 - Births

August 1st Details:
August 1 Births:
10 BC – Claudius - Roman Emperor (d. 54)
126 – Pertinax - Roman Emperor (d. 193)
1313 – Emperor Kōgon of Japan (d. 1364)
1377 – Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan (d. 1433)
1545 – Andrew Melville - Scottish theologian & religious reformer (d. 1622)
1555 – Edward Kelley - English spirit medium (d. 1597)
1579 – Luís Vélez de Guevara - Spanish writer (d. 1644)
1626 – Sabbatai Zevi - Montenegrin rabbi, kabbalist, & founder of the Jewish Sabbatean movement (d. 1676)
1630 – Thomas Clifford - 1st Baron Clifford of Chudleigh, English statesman (d. 1673)
1713 – Charles I - Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1780)
1714 – Richard Wilson - Welsh painter (d. 1782)
1738 – Jacques François Dugommier - French general (d. 1794)
1744 – Jean-Baptiste Lamarck - French scientist (d. 1829)
1770 – William Clark - American explorer (d. 1838)
1779 – Francis Scott Key - American lawyer & lyricist (d. 1843)
1779 – Lorenz Oken - German naturalist (d. 1851)
1815 – Richard Henry Dana, Jr. - American lawyer, politician, & author (d. 1882)
1818 – Maria Mitchell - American astronomer (d. 1889)
1819 – Herman Melville - American writer (d. 1891)
1837 – Mary Harris "Mother" Jones - American labor organizer (d. 1930)
1843 – Robert Todd Lincoln - son of Abraham Lincoln; 35th United States Secretary of War (d. 1926)
1856 – George Coulthard - Former Australian rules footballer & cricketer (d. 1883)
1858 – Hans Rott - Austrian composer (d. 1884)
1858 – Gaston Doumergue - French President (d. 1937)
1861 – Sammy Jones - Former Australian cricketer (d. 1951)
1871 – John Lester - American cricketer (d. 1969)
1885 – George de Hevesy - Hungarian chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1966)
1881 – Otto Toeplitz - German mathematician (d. 1940)
1889 – Walter Gerlach - German physicist (d. 1979)
1891 – Karl Kobelt - Swiss politician (d. 1968)
1892 – Kinsan Ginsan - Japanese identical twins who lived to ages 107 & 108, respectively.
1893 – King Alexander I of Greece (d. 1920)
1894 – Ottavio Bottecchia - Italian cyclist (d. 1927)
1900 – Otto Nothling - Former Australian cricketer & rugby union footballer (d. 1965)
1901 – Pancho Villa - Filipino world boxing champion (d. 1925)
1907 – Eric Shipton - British mountaineer (d. 1977)
1910 – James Henry Govier - British artist (d. 1974)
1910 – Walter Scharf - American composer (d. 2003)
1910 – Mohammad Nissar - Indian cricketer (d. 1963)
1911 – Jackie Ormes - American cartoonist (d. 1985)
1912 – Henry Jones - American actor (d. 1999)
1914 – J. Lee Thompson - British film director (d. 2002)
1916 – Anne Hébert - French Canadian author & poet (d. 2000)
1916 – Fiorenzo Angelini - Italian cardinal
1921 – Jack Kramer - American tennis player (d. 2009)
1922 – Pat McDonald - Australian actress (d. 1990)
1923 – Val Bettin - American voice actor
1924 – Georges Charpak - Ukrainian-born physicist, Nobel laureate
1924 – Marcia Mae Jones - American actress (d. 2007)
1924 – Frank Worrell - Former West Indian cricketer (d. 1967)
1925 – Ernst Jandl - Austrian writer (d. 2000)
1926 – Theo Adam - German bass-baritone
1929 – Ann Calvello - Roller Derby queen (d. 2006)
1930 – Pierre Bourdieu - French sociologist (d. 2002)
1930 – Lionel Bart - English song-writer (d. 1999)
1930 – Julie Bovasso - American actor & writer (d. 1991)
1931 – Trevor Goddard - Former South African cricketer
1932 – Meir Kahane - American founder of the Jewish Defense League (d. 1990)
1932 – Meena Kumari - Indian film actress (d. 1972)
1933 – Dom DeLuise - American actor & comedian (d. 2009)
1933 – Jesse Corti - Venezuelan-born actor & comedian
1933 – Masaichi Kaneda - Japanese baseball player
1933 – Dušan Třeštík - Czech historian (d. 2007)
1934 – John Beck - Former New Zealand cricketer (d. 2000)
1935 – Geoff Pullar - Former England cricketer
1936 – W.D. Hamilton - British evolutionary biologist (d. 2000)
1936 – Yves Saint Laurent - French fashion designer (d. 2008)
1937 – Al D'Amato - United States Senator from New York
1940 – Mervyn Kitchen - Former Somerset cricketer & cricket international umpire
1940 – Ram Loevy - Israeli screenwriter & director
1941 – Étienne Roda-Gil - French songwriter & screenwriter (d. 2004)
1942 – Jerry Garcia - American musician (The Grateful Dead) (d. 1995)
1942 – André Gagnon - French Canadian pianist & composer
1942 – Giancarlo Giannini - Italian actor
1945 – Douglas D. Osheroff - American physicist, Nobel laureate
1945 – Sandi Griffiths - American singer, The Lawrence Welk Show
1946 – Fiona Stanley - Australian epidemiologist
1946 – Boz Burrell - British musician (King Crimson, Bad Company) (d. 2006)
1947 – Chris L. Barnard - Welsh footballer
1947 – Dennis Zine - Los Angeles city councilman
1949 – Kurmanbek Bakiyev - President of Kyrgyzstan
1949 – Ray Nettles - professional football player (d. 2009)
1950 – Jim Carroll - American poet & actor (d. 2009)
1950 – Bunkhouse Buck - American professional wrestler
1951 – Tommy Bolin - American musician (Deep Purple) (d. 1976)
1951 – Pete Mackanin - American baseball player
1952 – Zoran Đinđić - Prime Minister of Serbia (d. 2003)
1952 – Yajurvindra Singh - Former Indian cricketer
1953 – Robert Cray - American singer
1953 – Howard Kurtz - American journalist
1954 – Benno Möhlmann - German footballer
1955 – Trevor Berbick - Jamaican boxer (d. 2006)
1955 – Arun Lal - Former Indian cricketer
1956 – Tom Leykis - American radio personality
1958 – Rob Buck - American musician (10,000 Maniacs) (d. 2000)
1958 – Tor Håkon Holte - Norwegian cross country skier
1958 – Michael Penn - American singer & songwriter
1958 – Kiki Vandeweghe - American basketball player
1959 – Joe Elliott - English musician (Def Leppard)
1959 – Otomo Yoshihide - Japanese musician
1960 – Chuck D - American activist & rapper (Public Enemy)
1960 – Richard Roeper - American columnist & film critic
1962 – Jacob Matlala - South African boxer
1962 – Jesse Borrego - American actor
1963 – Coolio - American rapper
1963 – Demián Bichir - Mexican actor
1963 – John Carroll Lynch - American actor
1963 – Koichi Wakata - Japanese astronaut
1963 – Lynette Sadleir - New Zealand Olympic synchronised swimmer
1963 – Dean Wareham - New Zealand musician (Galaxie 500, Luna, Dean & Britta)
1964 – Adam Duritz - American musician (Counting Crows)
1965 – Sam Mendes - British stage & film director
1966 – James St. James - American author & nightlife personality
1967 – Gregg Jefferies - American baseball player
1968 – Dan Donegan - American musician (Disturbed)
1968 – Stacey Augmon - American basketball player
1968 – Shigetoshi Hasegawa - Japanese baseball player
1969 – Kevin Jarvis - American baseball player
1969 – David Wain - American actor
1969 – Graham Thorpe - Former England cricketer
1970 – David James - English footballer
1972 – Devon Hughes - American professional wrestler
1972 – Nicke Royale - Swedish musician (The Hellacopters)
1972 – Tanya Reid - Canadian actress
1973 – Gregg Berhalter - American footballer
1973 – Tempestt Bledsoe - American actress
1973 – Veerle Dejaeghere - Belgian athlete
1973 – Eduardo Noriega - Spanish actor
1973 – Edurne Pasaban - Spanish mountaineer
1974 – Beckie Scott - Canadian cross-country skiing athlete
1976 – Søren Jochumsen - Danish footballer
1976 – Nwankwo Kanu - Nigerian footballer
1976 – Hasan Şaş - Turkish footballer
1976 – Cristian Stoica - Romanian-born Italian rugby player
1977 – Marc Denis - Canadian ice hockey player
1977 – Damien Saez - French musician, songwriter, & author
1977 – Yoshi Tatsu - Japanese professional wrestler & boxer
1978 – Dhani Harrison - English musician
1978 – Edgerrin James - American football player
1978 – Andy Blignaut - Former Zimbabwean cricketer
1979 – Junior Agogo - Ghanaian footballer
1979 – Jason Momoa - American actor
1979 – Honeysuckle Weeks - Welsh-born actress
1980 – Mancini - Brazilian footballer
1981 – Stephen Hunt - Irish footballer
1981 – Ashley Parker Angel - North American singer & actor
1982 – Ai Tominaga - Japanese model & actress
1983 – David Gervasi - Swiss decathlete
1984 – Valery Ortiz - Puerto Rican actress
1984 – Bastian Schweinsteiger - German footballer
1984 – Francesco Gavazzi - Italian cyclist
1985 – Adam Jones (baseball) - American baseball player
1986 – Andrew Taylor - English footballer
1986 – Anton Stralman - Swedish ice hockey player
1986 – Elena Vesnina - Russian tennis player
1987 – Sébastien Pocognoli - Belgian footballer
1987 – Rumi Hiiragi - Japanese actress
1989 – Stephanie Hwang - Korean entertainer
1989 – Madison Bumgarner - American baseball player
1990 – Jack O'Connell - English actor (Skins)
1998 – Khamani Griffin - American actor

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Saturday, 31 July 2010

July 31 - Summary

July 31st Summary:

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July 31 - Events

July 31st Details:
July 31 Events:
30 BC – Battle of Alexandria - Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian's forces. Mark Anthony subsequently commits suicide as a result of most of his army deserting.
781 – Oldest recorded eruption of Mt. Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: July 6, 781).
904 – Thessalonica falls in a battle to the Arabs, who then destroy the city.
1009 – Pope Sergius IV becomes the 142nd pope (succeeding Pope John XVIII).
1200 – Attempted usurpation of John Komnenos the Fat.
1423 – Battle of Cravant – the French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne (Hundred Years' War).
1451 – Charles VII of France orders the arrest of Jacques Cœur.
1492 – Expulsion of the Jews from Spain when the Alhambra Decree takes effect.
1498 – Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to discover the island of Trinidad - his third voyage to the Western Hemisphere, .
1588 – The Spanish Armada is spotted off the coast of England.
1655 – Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius - Russo-Polish War (1654-1667).
1658 – Proclamation of Aurangzeb as Moghul emperor of India.
1667 – Treaty of Breda ends the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
1703 – Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet - natural justice leads him to be pelted with flowers.
1741 – Invasion of Upper Austria & Bohemia by Charles Albert of Bavaria.
1790 – Inventor Samuel Hopkins is issued the First U.S. patent, for a potash process.
1856 – Christchurch, New Zealand is chartered as a city.
1865 – First narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.
1895 – The Basque Nationalist Party is founded by Basque nationalist leader Sabino Arana.
1913 – The Balkan States signs an armistice at Bucharest.
1919 – Weimar constitution is adopted by the German national assembly, which comes into force on August 14.
1936 – The International Olympic Committee announces that the 1940 Summer Olympics will be held in Tokyo.
1938 – Bulgaria signs a non-aggression pact with Greece & other states (Turkey, Romania, Yugoslavia).
1938 – Engraved gold & silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis are discovered by Archaeologists.
1941 – Holocaust - Instructions by Adolf Hitler to Hermann Göring leads to orders for SS General Reinhard Heydrich to "submit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material & financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired final solution of the Jewish question."
1945 – Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.
1945 – John K. Giles attempts to escape from Alcatraz prison.
1948 – New York International Airport (later renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport) is dedicated at Idlewild Field in New York, .
1951 – Japan Airlines is established.
1954 – First ascent of K2 - by an Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio.
1959 – Basque separatist organisation ETA is founded.
1964 – Ranger 7 sends back the first close-up photographs of the moon (Ranger program).
1970 – Black Tot Day - last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy.
1971 – Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover (Apollo program).
1972 – Operation Motorman - British troops move into the no-go areas of Belfast & Derry, Northern Ireland.
1976 – Viking 1 – NASA releases the famous Face on Mars photo (Viking program).
1981 – General Omar Torrijos of Panama dies in a plane crash.
1981 – A total solar eclipse occurs.
1991 – The Medininkai Massacre in Lithuania.
1992 – A Thai Airways Airbus A300-310 crashes into a mountain north of Kathmandu, Nepal.
1992 – Georgia joins the United Nations.
2002 – Hebrew University of Jerusalem is attacked when a bomb explodes in a cafeteria.
2006 – Fidel Castro hands over power temporarily to brother Raúl Castro.

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